Who we lost in 2018 year
In 2018, great politicians, brilliant scholars, talented writers and brilliant artists passed away. At the end of the year ForumDaily remembers those who left in 2018, but remained forever in our memory and world history.
30 August singer and State Duma deputy Iosif Kobzon died in a Moscow hospital at the age of 80 for 20 years. The peak of Kobzon’s fame fell on 1970-80's. He was the face of the Soviet stage and a symbol of the era, yielding in popularity except to Alla Pugacheva.
For 60-year-old career, Kobzon performed about three thousand songs - from the first fame that brought him “And we are in the yard” to “Russian Field”, “I love you, life”, “Ballad of colors”, “Moments” and “Where Something Away "from the film" Seventeen Moments of Spring. "
Since 2002, Joseph Kobzon struggled with cancer. He underwent several operations, fell into a coma, but during periods of remission, he again performed on the stage and led an active social life.
In 2009, five days after another operation in a German clinic, he sang live at the New Wave festival in Jurmala.
The famous Ukrainian animator, director and screenwriter David Cherkassky died in Kiev on October 30. He was 87 years old.
The artist died in hospital two months after being hospitalized due to a stroke.
Among the directors of David Cherkassky - 14 paintings. Some of them became classics of Soviet animation, such as “Treasure Island”, “The Adventures of Captain Vrungel” and “Doctor Aibolit”.
14 November in Moscow at the age of 80 years died Soviet and Russian writer, author of children's books about Prostokvashino, Crocodile Gena and Cheburashka Edward Uspensky.
Ouspensky was born in the Moscow region in 1937 year. He graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute in engineering and earned writing children's books, poems and scripts for cartoons.
Ouspensky's first book about the adventures of Uncle Fedor's boy Uncle Fedor, the Dog and the Cat was published in 1974 year. After that, three popular cartoons were filmed on it: “Three from Prostokvashino”, “Vacations in Prostokvashino” and “Winter in Prostokvashino”. Writer's works translated into more than 25 languages.
Eduard Uspensky was one of the creators of the children's TV programs "Good night, kids!"
On October 26, a popular theater and film actor Nikolai Karachentsov, who had serious health problems, died in a Moscow hospital. He was 73, he didn’t live one day before his 74 birthday.
Karachentsov played in the movie more than 100 roles. The most famous films with his participation - "The Dog in the Hay", "Pious Martha", "Yaroslavna, Queen of France", "The Adventures of Electronics", "The Trust that Burst", "White Dew", "Battalions are asking for fire", "Man from Capuchin Boulevard "," One, two - woe does not matter! "," Criminal Quartet "," Bright Personality "," Deja Vu "," Trap for a single man "," Nutty "," Petersburg Mysteries "," Queen Margot "," Detective Dubrovsky's record "," Secrets of palace coups ".
Senator John McCain August 26 died on the 82 year of life. In the last year of his life, John McCain suffered from brain cancer.
John McCain was born to a military family in 1936, at the US Air Force Base in Panama. In 1958, he graduated from the military academy and became a naval aviation pilot.
In July 1968, his father was appointed commander-in-chief of the US Pacific Fleet, and he became one of the key men of the Vietnam War. A few months later, John McCain's plane was shot down over Hanoi, and the son of the US Navy admiral was captured.
The pilot, who had both arms and leg broken, ended up in Hoalo (Hanoi Hilton) prison. During the war years it was used to keep prisoners of military pilots.
The next five years left an indelible mark on McCain. He himself claimed that he was constantly subjected to torture and was on the verge of suicide, while the Vietnamese side said that it treated the prisoner carefully and helped recover from injuries.
Years later, McCain admitted that he had issued a list of players from the state of Wisconsin to the Viet Cong, calling them members of his military unit. It was released only in 1973 year, after the signing of peace agreements.
McCain was awarded the Silver and Bronze Star Medals, the Purple Heart and the Cross for outstanding flight achievements.
McCain’s political career is brighter than a military one. At least in American history, he will be remembered precisely as a Republican senator who upholds conservative values and US hegemony abroad. McCain twice fought for the presidency. And, according to the observations of his associates, he sincerely believed that he could become the head of the White House.
George Herbert Walker Bush, 41 President of the United States, passed away on November 30, 2018, at the age of 94 years. The politician died at his home in Houston, Texas.
George Bush Sr. was the last president of the country, representing the "great generation" of World War II veterans: Bush was a pilot and once was close to death during battles in the Pacific.
Throughout his life, Bush Sr. was one of the leaders of the Republican Party. He held a number of important government posts - he was a congressman, ambassador to the UN, director of the CIA and vice president in the administration of Ronald Reagan.
As a result, he became the head of the White House. Bush Sr. led the United States in the turning point of the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Bush decided to use military force against the regime of Saddam Hussein, whose troops occupied Kuwait: the military operation was successful.
17 April did not become the former first lady of the United States, the wife of one American president and mother of another Barbara Bush. She passed away at the age of 92.
Barbara Bush, known for her frankness and self-critical witty remarks, was the first lady from 1989 to 1993 the year her husband, George W. Bush, was the US 41. Today he is 93 of the year, and his health has also deteriorated in recent years.
Barbara Bush is the mother of George W. Bush, 43 of the US President, and former Governor of Florida Jeb Bush.
Besides her, only one woman in US history was both the first lady and the mother of the president. Abigail Adams was the wife of the second US President, John Adams, and the mother of the sixth President, John Quincy Adams.
George and Barbara Bush got married on January 6 of the year 1945. They were born 6 children, and they are married longer than any other presidential couple in American history.
Being in public, Barbara Bush has always actively defended her husband and children. Only 2 a year ago, in the 2016 year, she participated in the election campaign of her son Jeb, who nominated her candidacy for the presidency of the United States.
As the first lady, she focused on the literacy problem and became involved in the work of several reading organizations. She created the Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy, which promoted reading skills throughout America, especially for children.
Spanish opera singer Montserrat Caballe 6 October died at the age of 85 years in the hospital Sant Pau in Barcelona.
Caballe's creative career lasted 50 years. Montserrat Caballe was born in Barcelona in a simple family, but at the age of seven she showed extraordinary musical talents, performing Bach's cantatas, and at the age of nine she was accepted into the musical school at the Barcelona Liseu opera house.
After graduating from 1953, Montserrat traveled to Italy, where she initially received minor roles, and 7 on January 1962 made her debut on the stage of the Liceu theater in Richard Strauss's Arabella. She has performed all over the world with such masters of the operatic stage as Luciano Pavarotti and Placido Domingo, performing almost 90 roles and about 800 chamber works.
October 16 in 66, the entrepreneur and co-founder of Microsoft, Paul Allen, passed away. The cause of death was non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. In early October, 2018, Allen said that he was again diagnosed with cancer, before the entrepreneur was faced with the disease in the 2009 year.
Paul Allen was born in 1953. At school, he met Bill Gates, with whom he founded Microsoft in 1975. Allen received a 36% stake in the company, Gates 64%. In 1982, Allen was diagnosed with cancer for the first time, in 1983, he left Microsoft for treatment. Then he coped with the disease in eight months.
After leaving Microsoft, Allen was actively involved in investing, he invested in technology companies, the development of science and sports. Allen's investments include Dreamworks Studio, the Portland Trail Blazers professional basketball club, and the Seahawks American football team.
French singer and songwriter Charles Aznavour 1 October died at the age of 94 years. Aznavour spent on the stage more than 80 years.
Charles Aznavour (Shahnuur Vahinaak Aznavouryan) was born in Paris 22 in May 1924 in a family of immigrants from Armenia.
Aznavour recorded more than 1200 songs in seven languages, performed in 94 countries, recorded more 180 million records, played in more than 60 movies.
18 August, former UN Secretary-General, Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Kofi Annan died in Switzerland, in Geneva at the age of 80.
Kofi Annan was born 8 on April 1938, in the British colony of Gold Coast, which later became the state of Ghana.
His father was the supreme leader of the Fanti and the governor of the province of Ashanti. Annan studied at home, in the USA and Switzerland. In the US, he studied at the University of Science and Technology in Kumas and received a bachelor's degree in economics from Macalester College in St. Paul (Minnesota, USA). In the 1971-1972 years, he received a scholarship named after Sloan, he studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT, USA), where he received a master's degree in management.
From 1962, while still a student, he began working at the UN - first at the World Health Organization, then at other structures.
He led the organization’s peacekeeping missions in Somalia and during the Rwandan genocide. In 1997, he became the UN Secretary General. I have held this post for two consecutive terms from 1 January 1997 of the year to 31 December 2006 of the year. In total, he led the organization for ten years.
In 2001, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for “breathing new life into the UN”. After leaving the UN Secretary General, Annan was involved in resolving the conflict in Syria as a UN special envoy, and also led his own foundation and headed the organization "Elders" created by Nelson Mandela.
As UN Secretary General, Annan is known primarily for programs related to fighting poverty and the spread of HIV, as well as one of the most senior opponents of the US invasion of Iraq in 2003. Annan called the invasion illegal.
He mediated several difficult political situations: in 1998, he attempted to achieve Iraq’s compliance with UN Security Council resolutions requiring access to the country to international inspectorates, and also facilitated the transition to civilian rule in Nigeria after a succession of military governments (1984-1998). In 1999, the year contributed to reaching an agreement between Libya and the UN Security Council in connection with the explosion of a plane over Lockerbie in 1988 and the settlement of the crisis in East Timor.
Renowned Russian director Stanislav Govorukhin died in June at the age of 82.
Stanislav Govorukhin - People's Artist of the Russian Federation, screenwriter, director of the paintings "Vertical", "The meeting place can not be changed", "Pirates of the XX century", "Finding Captain Grant", "Ten Little Indians", "Voroshilovsky shooter", "Bless the woman" and many others. He also took an active part in the political life of Russia, was a member of the United Russia party. In 2000, he nominated his candidacy for the presidential elections.
The famous Ukrainian film director Kira Muratova died on June 6, she was 83 of the year.
Kira Muratova was the brightest director of her generation with her unique style. Already her first films, Short Meetings (1967) and Long Progress (1971), made her famous.
Her film "Asthenic Syndrome" in 1990, received the Grand Prix of the Berlin Film Festival. The tragic comedy "The Adjuster" was shown at a festival in Venice. The latest works of the director were the dramas “Melody for a Street Organ” and “Eternal Return. Casting.
The founder of the MMM financial pyramid, businessman Sergey Mavrodi, died in Moscow at the 63 year of life in March of the 2018 year.
Sergei Mavrodi was the founder of the notorious company "MMM". It is considered the classic and largest financial pyramid in the history of Russia in terms of the number of victims and damage.
MMM was established as a cooperative in 1989 year and was transformed into a joint stock company in October 1992.
The name that later became famous was an abbreviation of the initial letters of the names of the founders - brothers Sergey and Vyacheslav Mavrodi and Olga Melnikova.
Melnikova and Vyacheslav Mavrodi were needed only because three founders were required for registration under the laws of that time.
The sole owner and organizer of the case, which has grown into one of the most ambitious financial frauds of all time, was software engineer Sergey Mavrodi from the beginning to the end.
In 1996, Mavrodi nominated his candidacy for the presidency of Russia, but was not registered by the Central Election Commission because of the forgery of a large part of the signatures. After that, he stopped appearing in public.
In 1998, he and his cousin Oksana Pavlyuchenko launched the financial pyramid via the Internet. Stock Generationwhich was focused on the american market. From her by the time of the collapse in 2000, a total of about 20 thousands of US citizens were affected.
British theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking passed away on March 14 at the age of 76. The scientist, who has spent most of his life in a wheelchair, is widely known as a popularizer of science, in recent years he paid great attention to such problems of mankind as global warming, the state of the environment and social inequality.
January 31 died the first cosmonaut of independent Ukraine Leonid Kadenyuk, he was 67 years old. A man died suddenly in Tsarskoe Selo Park in Kiev before the arrival of an ambulance.
Kadenyuk was born in 1951, in the village of Klishkovtsy, Chernivtsi region. From 1976, he worked at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City (Russia), was a member of the USSR cosmonaut team, and later - Russia.
In 1991, he took Ukrainian citizenship and was trained by NASA for a space flight program Space Shuttle as a payload specialist. In 1997, I participated in the NASA STS-87 space mission, the flight lasted almost 16 days. After the flight, he received a medal from the US Space Agency “For Space Flight”.
10 January, in New York, Russian-American journalist, director, TV and radio host, permanent contributor to ForumDaily passed away Victor Topaller. As his producer confirmed to ForumDaily, Victor passed away from transient lung cancer, which he was diagnosed only a few months ago. In 2018, Victor Topaller was to celebrate his 60 anniversary.
He was born in Russia, worked in Belgium and Israel. In 2000, he was invited to work in the United States on the Russian-language TVR channel and received a residence permit under the program "extraordinary person»For outstanding achievements in journalism. Subsequently, Topaller became an employee of the largest in America, the Russian-language TV channel RTVi.
Simultaneously with work on television, he collaborated with the Russian-language radio stations of America: first with the “Wave of the People”, then with the radio “New Life” (hereinafter “Everything”). In the Jewish World newspaper, Topaller led his Rikoshet column and wrote articles for the Russian-language newspaper Our Canada. The publishing house "Slovo" published a collection "Full Shalom", which included articles, essays, stories about the author's impressions about life in Israel.
In 2008, in New York, in the theater “Khaverim”, he staged a play by the Israeli writer Efraim Kishon “Ktuba” (“Marriage Contract”) (translated into Russian by Mariana Belenky).
Until recently, Victor Topaler worked as a radio host on the radio. Davidzonwhere he led three programs: the author's program “Full Shalom”, devoted to various aspects of relations between America and Israel (together with the former Vice-Mayor of Jerusalem Larisa Gershtein); author's socio-political program "Ricochet"; the author's music program “Top Parade with Victor Topaller”, which features 1960-1980-s hits and stories about performers and authors of Soviet songs, many of whom are personally familiar with the presenter.
From 2008 to 8 in May 2017 of the Russian-language TV channel RTVi weekly published a half-hour author's program by Topoller, “American literacy campaign”, conceived as a series of programs on various aspects of the cultural, political, economic, scientific life of the United States and their history. Earlier on the same channel, Topaller's program “Point of View” and “Crossroads” were aired.
Also on RTVi from 2000 to 15 in May 2017, Victor Topaller led the popular authoring program “In New York with Victor Topaller”, where over seven hundred musicians, writers, actors, directors, politicians have been in 17 for years.
Marvel Comic Creator Stan Lee
November 11 at the age of 95 years died editor and creator of many characters of comics Marvel Stan Lee. On the morning of that day, he was hospitalized from his home on Hollywood hills. For the past year, Lee had pneumonia and had vision problems.
Stan Lee began his career in 1939, created or participated in the creation of such comics as Black Panther, Spiderman, X-Men, Mighty Thor, Iron Man, Fantastic Four, Incredible Hulk, Daredevil and Ant-Man.
March 12 Oleg Tabakov died after a long illness. Popularly favorite actor starred in more than 100 films and played in the same number of performances. Tabakov opened his own theater, which he directed simultaneously with the Moscow Art Theater. Chekhov.
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