COVID-19 Efficiency Countries Ranking: USA Among Outsiders
The strategy to combat the global SARS-CoV-2 pandemic around the world comes down to about the same measures: states close borders, universities and schools, cancel all public events and impose more or less strict quarantine or other restrictions. But, despite this, the successes in curbing the coronavirus infection and maintaining at least some kind of economic stability are different for everyone. Writes about this DW.
The most effective measures were introduced by Israel, Germany and South Korea. This is evidenced by the results of a study conducted by experts of the Deep Knowledge Group (DKG) from London.
In Israel, as of the beginning of the day, April 17, 12 855 infected with coronavirus infection were registered, 148 of them died, and almost 19 cases were cured of COVID-3000. Such indicators are among the best in the world. Indeed, in other countries with approximately the same number of infected, the mortality rate has already crossed the line of 1000 victims and continues to grow.
They are followed by Australia, China, New Zealand, Taiwan, Singapore, Japan and Hong Kong. When compiling the rating, its creators largely took into account the effectiveness of measures that restrain the spread of coronavirus infection, explains Dmitry Kaminsky, founder of DKG.
“The country had to either initially declare a very strict quarantine to prevent the spread of infection, or - as in the case of Germany and China - introduce restrictive measures after a fairly large number of people had become infected, and at the same time treat the sick effectively enough, having achieved that so that the number of deaths is relatively small, ”says the analyst.
One of the main parameters for inclusion in the rating, he adds, was the growth curve of the number of infected: “It should be stable or lower. That is why such European countries as Italy and Spain were not included in the rating ”.
Not included in the top 40 countries successfully coping with the crisis due to the coronavirus, and Russia. In the near future, Deep Knowledge Group will expand its rating to one hundred countries, and Russia, says Kaminsky, will enter the second half of the list - along with the United States and Great Britain.
The top ten ranking looks like this:
- South Korea
- New Zealand
- Hong Kong
A complete list can be found at link.
Rating as a role model in the fight against the pandemic
Initially, the Deep Knowledge Group venture capital fund, established in 2014 in Hong Kong, has invested in biotech startups and the development of artificial intelligence and Big Data. According to Dmitry Kaminsky, the experts of the fund decided to compile ratings related to the COVID-19 pandemic after the spread of the disease became global, plunging the world "into a state of panic, chaos and disorientation."
“Many governments,” says Kaminsky, “don't know what to do. The inhabitants of these countries do not even know. We decided to compile a rating of effectiveness in the fight against coronavirus infection, using some mathematical or methodological assessment of the analysis, so that it becomes clear how a number of countries have succeeded in this situation. So far, 24 indicators are being assessed, in the next rating there will be 36 - and other states will be able to use them as a kind of action plan. ”
In their research, DKG experts use information from open sources, including data from the World Health Organization and Johns Hopkins University. Dmitry Kaminsky says that in general we are talking about assessing the effectiveness of the national health care system at the present time and for the near future, as well as the level of economic stability and the ability of the state in the long term - after the end of the pandemic.
“After all, you need not only to survive the epidemic, but also to be able to restart the economy, avoiding its collapse, and actively develop in the next few years,” explains Kaminsky. “The rating shows which countries can most effectively protect their residents from both the consequences of COVID-19 infection and from the economic shocks caused by the pandemic of this deadly disease.”
When compiling the rating, Deep Knowledge Group analysts took into account criteria such as the effectiveness of national disease monitoring and detection systems, in particular, wide access to coronavirus tests. They also drew attention to the effectiveness of quarantine and other restrictive measures. Another parameter was the reserves of the health care system.
“If we take Germany,” says Kaminsky, “there is a very large supply of intensive care beds, there are enough hospitals and medical personnel. But, more importantly, Germany has the ability to produce medical equipment and drugs domestically: it will be able to solve these problems on its own, even if it turns out to be completely cut off from other states, say, in the event of an exacerbation of a pandemic. ”
The founder of the DKG emphasizes the ability of the German authorities to manage crisis situations at both the federal and regional levels.
“Given the initially high infection rate, Germany passed the stress test super-effectively and successfully halted the spread of the disease, avoiding the fate of other countries. This will give it significant economic benefits after the end of the pandemic, ”he stressed.
"Moscow can repeat the scenario of New York"
Deep Knowledge Group also introduced ranking of countries at risk in a pandemic. The first place went to Italy.
The United States took second place in this rating. The country has become the epicenter of the pandemic. According to the latest data, at 10:00 (New York time) on April 17, 671 infected people were registered in the country, of which 493 died.
Closing the top five are Great Britain, Spain and France.
The top ten ranking leaders look like this:
- United Kingdom
A complete list can be found at link.
Russia is in 12th place - between Nigeria and Bangladesh. In compiling this rating, DKG analysts took into account parameters such as the rate of spread of infection, the effectiveness of the healthcare system, in particular the number of hospitals, medical personnel and beds with ventilators, government regulation and the specific risks inherent in a particular region. Kaminsky fears that Moscow “may repeat the New York scenario”: a sharp increase in the number of people infected with coronavirus, in which overcrowded hospitals will find it more difficult to provide effective care to the sick every time.
The analyst also emphasizes that the country's place in the ratings is unstable.
“Some of the data is updated in real time, and depending on how the situation develops, the rating may go up or down,” he says. At the end of April, Deep Knowledge Group plans to publish a new list of the security of countries in a pandemic. The founder of DKG does not exclude that the gradual and cautious exit from the lockdown, which is now taking place in a number of countries covered by COVID-19, may lead to a new distribution of places in the ranking.
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