Freelancers and robots: 101 interesting facts about how the work will be in the future
The world of work is changing dramatically. But are people ready for these changes? Some of them are radical and obvious - the development of artificial intelligence, the proliferation of technologies that make it possible to “do anything from anywhere”. Writes about it with the BBC.
Other ideas are just beginning to emerge, such as monitoring content for gender balance or new smart offices.
Behind all this are people whose ideas and views form the next section of our lives.
If you want to know in which world you will work soon, you need to know this 101 idea, thing and person.
1. Life up to 100 years
More than ever in history, we are closer to being able to live to be 100 years old.
But whether this will be a blessing to society and the economy, or, conversely, a curse, depends on how we can prepare for such a lifespan.
Self-driving cars, robotics, and smart cities will operate via 5G wireless. This is the next step in the mobile web - and it is already here. Practically.
3. Adaptability coefficient (AQ)
In an ever-changing work environment, the success marker may not be IQ, but AQ, that is, the ability to adapt quickly.
4. Algorithm bias
More cars than ever are able to recognize us. But automatic recognition is subject to unintentional discrimination by race, gender, and other factors.
Activist Joy Buolamwin and his associates are trying to correct these prejudices.
5. Anti-distraction applications
One way or another, but the Internet is very distracting to our attention. Perhaps an application that blocks sites will help focus.
We are starting to trust artificial intelligence to write emails in our place. Although this tool undoubtedly saves time, it changes our communication.
7. Automated hiring and dismissal
Artificial intelligence may consider your job application. But he can also be allowed to scan your social networks, analyze facial expressions or even fire you.
Fasting, micro-dosing, dietary supplements - all kinds of things people don't go to to improve work performance, even if the effectiveness of these methods has not been proven.
9. Biometric Resumes
Portable devices that track our physical activity and health are extremely popular. But whether their data can be used in the process of selecting candidates or analyzing labor efficiency is a big question.
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10. Offices that breathe
Rethinking the design, decoration and operation of buildings will contribute to better working conditions that will preserve the health of workers and increase productivity.
The idea that we can work more and be better in everything creates a feeling of exhaustion and anxiety due to the inadequacy of these high expectations.
12. Cities without cars
Oslo is one of the last cities to completely free the center from vehicles. While some drivers and business owners are unhappy with this initiative, the benefits are substantial.
13. Chinese labor culture 996
The Chinese work culture envisages work from nine in the morning until nine in the evening six days a week. Technological workers have recently begun to rebel against such a schedule.
Instead of a traditional dwelling, millennials choose a cheap and flexible life in common areas. Perhaps this will be urban life in the future.
15. Inequality in pair
When a couple has children, women spend disproportionately more time at home and men at the office. It will take a lot of effort from all sides to even out this discrepancy.
Initially, the goal of crowdfunding was to support innovation and the people who need it. But now he has become the main source of income for popular personalities in social networks, which causes a rather mixed attitude.
17. Deep work
Being constantly “connected” does not allow us to focus deeply on any one task. This is a problem for companies looking to get the most out of their employees.
18. Anti-growth movement
Economic growth leads to excessive consumption and climate change. Proponents of anti-growth argue that shrinking the economy will benefit.
19. Digital Detox
If you are afraid that you have developed a dependency on your smartphone, relax. A whole new industry offers ways to disconnect from gadgets and start enjoying life.
20. Digital Nomads
While telecommuting originally meant a cheap lifestyle, more and more companies are now offering digital nomads luxury cruises or exclusive trips to exotic destinations for a pretty penny.
21. Diversity Monitoring
Some organizations track their content for gender balance and other indicators of diversity. Understanding the scale of the problem is the first step towards solving it.
For a small fee, you can become a digital Estonian. Since technology has created flexible working conditions for most of us, can countries compete to attract e-citizens?
23. Electric scooters
Silent two-wheelers are becoming ubiquitous, helping to solve the last mile problem for millions of city workers.
Marie Kondo taught us how to create our own space, leaving only the most important. But is it possible to apply its philosophy of reasonable minimalism to professional life?
25. Face recognition
Face recognition technology already allows us to cross borders, gain access to our phone and bank account, and soon to the office.
26. Website for financiers
Office fashion is becoming increasingly laid-back. Even some of the most conservative organizations are replacing formal suits with comfortable casual wear.
27. FIRE movement
FIRE stands for “financial independence and early retirement”. Proponents of this movement, usually in their 20s and 30s, resort to extreme savings and work harder to retire and be financially independent as soon as possible.
28. Shame on air travel (flygskam)
Or flight shame. This is a new movement for refusing to use air transport due to the fact that it causes significant damage to the ecology of the planet.
Over the past year, for example, the Swedes have significantly reduced the number of flights on domestic flights, reseeding on trains. If flight shame becomes the norm, the very concept of business travel will change dramatically.
29. Work 4 days
The idea of a 4-day work week is becoming increasingly popular. Employers see its results in happy, healthy, and productive workers. Perhaps this is really a win-win option?
30. Fred Swaniker
An entrepreneur and leadership expert from Ghana has proposed an education model that will bring millions of successful leaders and jobs to Africa by 2035.
31. Freddy Vega
Only half of Hispanic college-aged students graduate. Freddie Vega, entrepreneur and co-founder of Platzi's online education platform, hopes to change that.
32. The work of ghosts
Behind every Google search or YouTube video you search, there are thousands of invisible workers, most likely from a different continent. While the work of these "ghosts" is critical to leading technology companies, attitudes and working conditions often fall short of today's standards.
33. Hosting at work
Hosting is the termination of an online relationship without any explanation or communication. But now this term also refers to the behavior of workers who simply disappear from work without warning the management.
34. Gig economy
A new model of labor relations, which is based on short-term contracts with freelancers instead of permanent jobs.
While the opportunity to be your own boss looks attractive, the new job market has many pitfalls.
Combine sophisticated machine learning with the growth of remote work and get globotics. However, white-collar workers and service workers may not have a place in it.
One theory is that the secret to success is not innate talent or skill. And not even in practice. And only - in the ability not to give up.
37. Lucky Coaches
India has a relatively high level of anxiety and depression, one of the main factors of which is work stress. Some corporations turn to coaches for happiness, trying to change their corporate culture.
38. Subtle flaws
About 700 million people in the world suffer from dyslexia (difficulties in mastering reading skills).
However, innovations in the design of sites and devices, for example, smart pens, will make jobs more accessible for people with this problem.
39. Hidden "likes"
The economy of social networks is booming thanks to readers and likes. And what happens if you hide them?
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40. Dining sleep
The Japanese who fall asleep in public have long been a symbol of hard work in the country. To prevent this, companies began introducing the "girun" lunch break.
With the development of artificial intelligence, more and more jobs will be automated.
In order not to be left without work, you will have to use the philosophy of continuous training, as well as combine technical knowledge with social skills.
42. Humble Leaders
Bosses like to lead, but if you constantly talk, you may miss something important. The ability to listen to a different point of view is an extremely useful skill.
Some companies already use the latest technology to monitor employee performance. But how far can such an observation go? And how will it affect the welfare of workers?
44. Office days
Remote work is great. And being able to come to the office sometimes is even better.
45. Inclusion workshops
After several large companies received allegations of discrimination, in particular hidden discrimination, firms began to conduct training for their employees.
The goal of Inclusion Workshops is to prevent any form of bias.
46. Virtual influencers
Many Japanese companies are promoting virtual vloggers - animated versions of true YouTube influencers.
47. JOMO (joy to miss something)
This is the opposite idea of FOMO - fear of missing out “fear of missing something important”. It consists in giving up the constant stress associated with the desire to be aware of all the events, accompanied by obsessive viewing of social networks.
Diligent work is highly appreciated in Japan. But what price does one have to pay for it? “Karoshi” in Japanese means sudden death due to overwork and stress.
The Korean word, which means tension in the relations of different generations that occurs in the modern workplace.
Yumi Ishikawa unexpectedly became an activist by posting a tweet about how she suffers from high heels that she must wear at work.
Another trend associated with overwork at work, when employees take sick leave or leave to catch up with work that they do not have time to do in the office.
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53. Collaboration 2.0
Join forces with someone who has similar professional qualifications and skills to work in the same position.
54. Liz Johnson
Paralympic champion, gold medalist who actively advocates for equal rights in the workplace.
55. The Economics of Longevity
The idea of “old age” is contrary to business thinking. But engaging older people along with younger generations overcomes the demographic time bomb.
56. Mari Jamme
A British entrepreneur of Senegalese descent is going to teach coding one million women in ten years.
57. Masayoshi Song
The CEO of SoftBank, the second largest company in Japan, has become the most ambitious investor with the highest spending in Silicon Valley.
58. Me Too
This global movement has changed and continues to change the working atmosphere.
59. Mia Perdomo and Andrea de la Piedra
Founders of Aequales, a Latin American company based on gender equality.
60. Micro breaks
Regular short breaks in intense work - even for a few seconds - can be of immense benefit.
Some IT workers are convinced that a small amount of psychedelic drugs increase productivity and creativity. Scientists are testing this hypothesis.
62. Microelectric network
Small, easy-to-install power grids can solve the problem of power outages in developing countries.
Well-known bloggers, stars of social networks, can communicate with millions of their readers in one publication.
But brands are increasingly choosing local celebrities. They can only have a couple of thousand followers, but they are closer to them.
Different people's brains do not work the same way, but job selection and office life are predominantly "normal". The situation will soon change.
65. Gender Variability
In the professional field, awareness and acceptance of gender diversity also gradually comes. This makes the atmosphere in the labor market more tolerant and even.
66. Noise pollution
Today, most offices are open-space-based. But the constant background noise makes employees distracted and increases fatigue. However, oddly enough, you can improve the situation by adding even more sounds, for example, listening to white noise.
67. Office garden
You can make your office more environmentally friendly by growing vegetables for lunch right there.
68. Exploitation of hobbies
Work for the sake of experience, that is, without payment, is becoming increasingly popular. This practice, first of all, often happens in creative industries, such as the media or music industry.
69. Transparent salaries
It used to be taboo to ask colleagues about their salaries. But now that may change. Transparent salaries are a good way to combat gender, ethnicity, or any other inequality.
70. People's analytics
The hiring process is far from always objective through elitism or prejudice. Will the situation change if algorithms get down to business?
The situation when a freelance freelancer starts working for the company full time, but does not have all the advantages of a permanent position.
72. Cooperative platforms
Technology giants such as Uber and Deliveroo exist at the expense of independent contractors, on which they transfer responsibility for any risks.
The new global movement is trying to create alternative companies that will combine the platform model with the transfer of ownership into the hands of workers.
73. Cloud Offices
The ability to work remotely caused a rapid increase in coworking. But now an impromptu office can appear anywhere, even at the airport or shopping center.
74. Career Portfolio
In the near future, the traditional career path may change dramatically. A combination of professional skills from different industries, for example, a designer / animator / vloger, will become common.
75. Post-workers society
Automation, obviously, will make our life easier and more convenient, but they will not rob us of all the work?
Philosophers and futurists are trying to imagine what the world will be like in which work disappears.
This is a phenomenon when an employee who feels physically or mentally ill still comes to work, but is present at it only formally, because he has very low productivity.
77. Nanny for procrastinators
You need to work, and the smartphone does not stop buzzing? For a small fee, a concentration coach will help you overcome procrastination.
78. Playlist for performance
Listening to music while working can set the right rhythm, increase speed and concentration.
79. Polite honesty
Feedback on the work, which is expressed softer than the brutal straightforwardness of management in 1980, but more honest than the compassionate lies of the XNUMXst century.
80. Remote workforce
Some cities financially encourage people to move to them. They hope that remote workforce will contribute to the local economy and population.
81. Reverse Mentoring
The older generation can learn a lot from their younger colleagues. But some cultures find it hard to accept.
82. The Right to Repair Movement
The policy of many manufacturers of modern technology suggests that a broken gadget can only be replaced, not repaired. Some activists oppose this trend.
83. Get up and work
The modern cult of workaholism, the false positive of which turns a blind eye to the problem of burnout and unemployment of the millennials.
84. Satellite Internet
About half of the world's population is still offline. Connecting to this workforce via satellite Internet can radically change the global labor market.
Today, opening an online store is easier than ever.
This real-time chat has helped many companies increase productivity and reduce email conversations.
87. Smart offices
In the near future, we will work in automated, personalized and centralized offices.
88. Soft skills
Today, the most important are abilities that automated systems do not have, for example, creativity, flexibility, the ability to convince. However, it turns out that finding such specialists is not easy.
The new method of organizing work, which was first introduced by the music giant Spotify, transfers control into the hands of specialized teams in the office.
90. Super applications
Crazy in Asia, apps that do everything for you - from booking travel to buying something - are revolutionizing the way people live and do business.
If you already feel that you are working on three jobs at the same time, know that this is exactly what the work will be in the future.
Instead of empowering robots with the mind to complete tasks on their own, it’s easier to let someone control them from a distance. But this, of course, will turn upside down the whole system of who, where and when does the task.
It looks like scientists will soon find the answer to the eternal stumbling block - at what temperature do we work best?
94. Tik Tok
The social network where video content will grow rapidly is not YouTube or Instagram. A lot of money will be made on TikTok.
95. Unconscious prejudice
Some judgments affect our decisions more than we realize. As a result, we become more prone to discrimination.
96. Universal Basic Income
The utopian idea of Thomas More about the “free” money that the state should give to its citizens no longer seems so fantastic.
It will become primarily relevant if the automation of labor makes most of us unemployed.
97. Unlimited rest
An endless paid vacation is every worker's dream, but it can actually drain well.
Pensioners often return to work - some of their own free will, while others simply have no other choice. But will they find jobs?
99. United States Women's Football Team
Set records for the number of victories and the volume of the audience. However, they still receive lower salaries and worse working conditions than male footballers. That's why they sued.
100. We company
The world giant with coworking seeks to blur more and more the line between your work and personal life. Their future depends on it.
101. Coworking for women
Work spaces reserved exclusively for women are a response to the popularity of closed men's clubs and the masculine culture of technology companies.
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