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The daughter of an immigrant from Odessa, who became the idol of Americans: the famous judge Ruth Ginsburg died in the USA

“Our nation has lost a lawyer of historic importance, and we have lost a dear colleague,” Chief Justice John Roberts reacted to the passing of Judge Ruth Ginsburg, who passed away on September 18. She reminds of her fame and merits NBC News.

Photo: Shutterstock

Ruth Bader Ginsburg, or as she was called in America, RBG, passed away at 87 years old.

The Court said that Ginsburg, a well-known advocate for women's rights and gender equality, died "surrounded by family at her home in Washington, DC, due to complications from metastatic pancreatic cancer."

Considered an icon of feminism, she overcame countless obstacles by dedicating her legal career to challenging laws and regulations that discriminate against people on the basis of gender (not only women, but also men). She has never shied away from controversial comments, whether it's about her opinion in the Supreme Court or her training in her 80s. Her opposition to keeping her mouth shut has earned her the nickname “Notorious RBG” and the crowd fans.

A moderate liberal with a sharp tongue, Ginsburg became only the second-ever female Supreme Court judge after she was approved by the Senate by 96 votes to 3. This happened during the presidency of Bill Clinton. There was no mercy for those who faced her anger. Until his death, Ginsburg had devoted fans who were just as worried about her health as they were about her opinion in court. Her image was printed on feminist T-shirts and other accessories.

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Ruth Joan Bader was born on March 15, 1933 in Brooklyn, New York. Her father, Nathan Bader, was a native of Odessa. Due to his Jewish faith, he was banned from attending local schools in imperial Russia. He immigrated from Odessa to Brooklyn (New York) with his family at the age of 13. His daughter not only received the education he so fervently desired, but also reached the heights of the American judicial system as one of nine justices of the US Supreme Court. Her story is the history of America, notes US Embassy in Ukraine.

Ruth graduated from Cornell University in 1954 with a degree in public administration. In the same year, she married her college lover Martin Ginsburg. The couple moved to Fort Sill, Oklahoma. Ruth worked for the Social Security Administration but was demoted after she became pregnant with her first child, born in 1955.

Returning to the East, Ginsburg entered Harvard Law School in 1956 and then moved on to Columbia University Law School. When she received her law degree in 1959, she won first place on the course. But while trying to find a job, she found that most law firms are reluctant to hire her, despite her brilliant achievements.

“In the XNUMXs, traditional law firms were just beginning to refuse to hire Jews. But being a woman, Jewish and a mother to boot is too much, she once wrote.

Ginsburg eventually landed a job as a clerk with US District Judge Edmund Palmieri in Manhattan, before moving to Rutgers University, where she was a professor of law from 1963 to 1972. She became pregnant with her second child while attending Rutgers University and, fearing dismissal, hid her growing belly by wearing baggy clothes. Ruth gave birth during summer vacation in 1965 and returned to work in the fall. She then taught at Columbia University, becoming the first full-time teacher there.

Photo: Shutterstock

Ginsburg has dedicated her life to changing the social norms that made her own career so challenging.

In 1972, the Ginzburgs led a team of lawyers that successfully argued an appeal on behalf of a man who was denied a dependents tax deduction (he was bearing the cost of caring for an 89-year-old mother). This decision was the most important one for Ruth in her many years of struggle for gender equality and justice.

Ginsburg continued to challenge gender laws throughout the 1970s as a volunteer lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union, for which she was also the founder and director of the Women's Rights Project. In 1980, President Jimmy Carter appointed her to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. She served in this role until Clinton appointed her to the Supreme Court in 1993. In 1996, she wrote a majority decision that rejected the policy of admitting exclusively men to the Virginia Military Institute as a violation of the 14th Amendment.

Although she became a heroine for many activists, Ruth did not initially consider herself one of them. According to her, she fought for the legal rights of women "for personal, selfish reasons." And she never expected to go to the Supreme Court. In a 1993 New York Times profile, childhood friends recalled Ruth as a girl nicknamed “Kiki,” who knocked out her tooth by twirling clubs while playing on her high school soccer team.

“She was very shy and didn’t look cocky,” Anne Burckhardt Kittner, a close school friend, told the Times. "She never thought she was doing well on exams, but of course she always took them."

Ginzburg voted for workers' rights and separation of church and state. Her opinions and disagreements have often attracted attention with rude but eloquent explanations of her position. Her vehement opposition to Lilly Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. in 2007, explicitly called on Congress to relax the statute of limitations for equal pay claims, noting that “a worker will know immediately if a promotion or transfer is denied. But pay inequality is often hidden from view. ” Obama signed into law the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, named after the plaintiff, in 2009.

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In 2013, Ginsburg joined the majority in repealing the Protection of Marriage Act (DOMA) by ordering same-sex couples who are married in states where such weddings are legal to be entitled to the same federal benefits as heterosexual couples. In one of the highlights of this case, Ginsburg said in oral arguments that DOMA institutionalized "two kinds of marriage: marriage as whole milk, and marriage as skim milk." Just a few months later, she became the first Supreme Court judge to organize a same-sex wedding - for her friend Michael Kaiser at the. John F. Kennedy in Washington.

In February 2009, when she was 75, Ruth underwent surgery to remove a small tumor in her pancreas. Pancreatic cancer is one of the deadliest, spreads quickly and is rarely detected early. In her case, the tumor was discovered early enough to be removed. In the summer of 2019, Ginzburg fell ill again and underwent radiation therapy.

Photo: video frame YouTube / PBS NewsHour

She had colon cancer in 1999 and was treated for this, and in 2014 she received a heart stent. In July 2018, Ginzburg was hospitalized after breaking three ribs, and at the end of the same year she underwent surgery for early lung cancer.

Ginsburg has children, Jane and James. Although she took the career and the ideas she advocated seriously, Ruth found time to have fun as well. For example, at the age of 83, she appeared on stage, playing a small role in Donizetti's opera The Daughter of the Regiment at the Washington National Opera at the Kennedy Center.

When asked if she thought she would be scared of the stage when the time came to step out of her comfort zone as a Supreme Court judge and perform in the opera, Ginzburg burst out laughing.

"What is there to worry about?" She asked.

Ruth Ginsburg's memory was honored in New York

At the 50th Street station of Manhattan on the C / E line, the sign changed, which as a result reads "Ruth St." in memory of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, writes New York Post.

Plannedalism's Twitter account posted a video of a hand-modified signboard late Saturday night, September 19, in which the number “50” was replaced with “RU” - although it was not immediately clear who was behind this memorial and whether it remained intact the next day.

The late Aretha Franklin received a similar honor: after her death in 2018, fans changed signs on the subway at Franklin Street in Manhattan and Franklin Avenue A / C in Brooklyn, and the legendary musician Prince was honored by changing the sign at Prince Street in 2016. The MTA liked the impromptu tribute to Franklin so much that it was made official by adding "Respect" stickers to the station.

The day after Ruth Ginsburg's death, late at night, hundreds of mourners gathered outside a courthouse in Lower Manhattan to pay their respects to the famous judge.

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