Spares no one: 20 famous people who died from coronavirus
A Spanish princess and a British marquise, a Czech historian, an Italian movie star, an architect from Boston, a Belgian writer, an Argentine artist, an American actor, and a Parisian psychoanalyst all died from the effects of coronavirus. Radio Liberty tells about twenty victims of the disease, equally merciless to everyone.
Lucia Bose (1931 - March 23, 2020), Italian actress
Director Luchino Visconti saw 16-year-old Lucia Bose at the checkout in a popular Milanese pastry shop and immediately guessed a future star in her. In 1947, Lucia won the Miss Italy beauty pageant. She became one of the most notable actresses of the neo-realism era, starred in the best directors - in Michelangelo Antonioni's films The Chronicle of One Love and The Lady Without Camellias, in Federico Fellini's Satyricon, in Jean Cocteau's Will of Orpheus, Natalie Granger Marguerite Duras, "Under the Sign of the Scorpion" by the Taviani brothers. In 1956, she married the Spanish matador Luis Miguel Domingin and settled in Spain.
In 2000, Lucia Bose opened the world's first Museum of Angels in the town of Turegano. In 2019, at the Rome Film Festival, she presented a book of her memoirs.
Maria Theresa of Bourbon-Parma (1933 - March 26, 2020), Spanish Princess
The virus turned out to be merciful to British Prince Charles and Monaco Prince Albert, who suffered a mild illness. But Princess Maria Theresa of Bourbon-Parma, a cousin of the Spanish King Philip VI, became the first victim of COVID-19 among representatives of the royal families of Europe.
Maria Teresa was called “the red princess”: she was a supporter of the Carlist party, but at the same time advocated a socialist monarchy. The princess believed that instead of class struggle, a constant search for agreement was needed. She received her PhD in Spanish Studies from the Sorbonne and another PhD in Political Sociology from the University of Madrid. She was a feminist, never married and lived alone. She studied Islam and its relationship to women's rights, among her interlocutors were Yasser Arafat and Hugo Chavez. In 2002, the book "The Red Princess" was published about her, in 2014 she herself wrote the history of the Bourbon-Parma family.
Marguerite Derrida (1932 - March 21, 2020), French psychoanalyst, widow of the philosopher Jacques Derrida
Marguerite Okuturie was born in Prague. Her father, a journalist and Slavist Gustave Okuturie (1902–1985), translated into French the books of Leo Tolstoy, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Ilya Ehrenburg, Boris Pilnyak and other writers. In 1945-1946, the family lived in Moscow, where Gustave Okouturie worked as a correspondent for the France-Press agency.
Brother Marguerite, historian Michel Okouturier (1933–2017) was an outstanding researcher of Russian literature of the XNUMXth –XNUMXth centuries, translated into French the works of Boris Pasternak, Osip Mandelstam, Anna Akhmatova, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Andrei Sinyavsky, Joseph Brodsky, was a member of the editorial board of the magazine published in Paris Continent".
Marguerite Okouturier translated from Russian and English, her translations in France included The Life of Klim Samgin by Maxim Gorky, The Morphology of a Fairy Tale by Vladimir Propp and the works of British psychoanalyst Melanie Klein.
With her future husband, an outstanding philosopher Jacques Derrida (1930–2004), she met in 1953. The couple got married in 1957 in the USA. Their son is the writer Pierre Alfieri.
Jan Krzhen (1930 - April 7, 2020), Czech historian
Until 1970, Krzhen headed the Faculty of History at Charles University. He opposed the occupation of Czechoslovakia by the Warsaw Pact troops, was expelled from the Communist Party and lost his job, participated in the dissident movement, signed Charter 77, and held underground historical seminars.
Krzhen studied the circumstances of the expulsion of the Germans from Czechoslovakia after the Second World War. His work The Conflict Community: Czechs and Germans, 1990-1780, published in 1918, aroused an ambiguous reaction, in which he tried to destroy many stereotypes in the field of Czech-German relations. In 2002, he received the Medal of Merit from President Vaclav Havel. In 2006 he was awarded the Magnesia Litera Prize for the textbook “Two Centuries of Central Europe”. Here you can read the article “Central Europe in the European Historical and Geographical Context” by Jan Krzen.
Juan Jimenez (1943 - April 2, 2020), Argentine artist
Jimenez, a pupil of Hugo Pratt, became famous for his work for Métal Hurlant and other European magazines, as well as fantastic comics, most notably the space saga "The Metabaronic Caste" (1992-2003), created together with the writer and filmmaker Alejandro Jodorowski.
“When we started working on the complex world of the Metabarons, Jimenez was already the incarnation of the Nameless, the last immortal Metabaron. In my subconscious, Jimenez cannot die. He will continue to paint like the great warrior he was, ”wrote Alejandro Jodorowski. And this is a Facebook post of his son, actor and musician Brontis Jodorowski:
Marcel Morot (1933 - April 4, 2020), Belgian writer
Moreau's first novel was released in 1957. He worked in the Belgian and French periodicals: Soir, Parisienne and Figaro. He traveled a lot, including the USSR. He was friends with the artists Roland Ax and Jean Dubuffet, corresponded with Francois Mauriac and Albert Camus, Simone de Beauvoir spoke highly of his work. The writer Anais Nin observed: “There are depths in which most creatures do not dare to look. This is the hellish abyss of our instinctive life, this is the immersion in our nightmares, so important for our spiritual rebirth. The hero's mythological journey involves a great fight against demons. Marcel Moreau started this fight. "
Trailer for a documentary about the life of Marcel Moreau:
Sergio Rossi (1935 - April 2, 2020), Italian designer
Sergio Rossi learned to sew shoes with his father and in 1968 opened his own workshop. Now it is the largest Italian company for the production of exquisite women's shoes. Rossi’s latest model - Opanca high-heeled sandals with leather on the sides of the foot and laces that hold the foot and extend to the ankle - were so popular that they set a special fashion direction. They tried to reproduce them in shoes, boots and even sneakers.
With the onset of the coronavirus epidemic, Sergio Rossi donated 100 thousand euros to the Sacco Hospital in Milan. His company switched to selling shoes online, announcing that all proceeds will go against COVID-19.
“When the ascent becomes even more difficult, you look ahead and start descending. It is at this moment that it is important to have the strength to find a way to support each other, giving hope and a path to a better tomorrow, ”wrote the CEO of the company, Riccardo Scutto.
In the message of Scutto about the death of Sergio Rossi, there are these words: "He loved women and was able to capture femininity in a unique way, creating shoes perfect for a woman's feet."
Helene Aylon (1931 - April 6, 2020), American artist
Aylon took up art at the age of 30 after the death of her husband, a rabbi of a New York synagogue. In the 1970s, she met the writer Maya Angelou, one of the associates of Martin Luther King, then - with other followers of "cultural feminism" such as Mary Daley and Andrea Dworkin. In the 1980s, the main theme of Aylon's work was anti-militarism, and then - Jewishness and the role of women in it. In 1984, before his wedding, his son asked Helen to write a traditional marriage contract for him, a ktubu. According to the rules, only fathers are mentioned in this document. This hurt Aylon, so she began to ask the Orthodox rabbis for advice, and only one of them allowed Helene to write her name on the document - only in the margins or on the back. Aylon did just that, but with a little clarification: wherever the name of her mother could be in the text, she put an asterisk, and at the bottom of the footnote she added: "To all mothers." The next text, which she provided with her notes, was the Torah. For six years, Helen Eylon carefully read the holy book and marked with a horizontal pink line the places where revenge, deceit and hatred of women attributed to God were mentioned.
Torah marked by Helene Ailon at the Jewish Museum of New York:
Dmitry Smirnov (1948 - April 9, 2020), composer
Dmitry Smirnov was born in Minsk, graduated from the Moscow Conservatory. In 1979, at the VI All-Union Congress of Soviet Composers, in the report of Tikhon Khrennikov, Dmitry Smirnov's music was severely criticized, and he was included in the so-called “Khrennikov's seven” - a “black list” of seven composers. In 1989, his operas were staged based on the themes of William Blake "Tiriel" in Freiburg (Germany) and "Tel" in London. In the same year, his First Symphony “The Four Seasons” was performed at the Tanglewood Festival in the USA. Since 1991 Dmitry Smirnov has lived in Great Britain. He was one of the initiators and organizers of the ASM - the Association for Contemporary Music. He published several books of poetry under the pseudonym Smirnov-Sadovsky, translated poetry - both from English into Russian (William Blake) and from Russian into English (Mikhail Lermontov). Author of books on music and biography of Blake. Died at Watford Hospital.
“I am happy to have been on this earth,” he wrote a few days before his death.
Shimon Okshtein (1951 - April 9, 2020), American artist
Shimon Okshtein was born in Chernivtsi. Since 1979 he lived in the USA. His works are in the collections of the New York Museum of Contemporary American Art, Whitney, the Brooklyn Museum and many private collections.
On the site of Radio Liberty, Shimon Okshtein recalls the writer Alexander Genis:
The main thing in Shimon's painting is the relationship between the animate and the inanimate. We are accustomed to consider the border between them to be unshakable. As it was said in "Buratino", the patient is either alive or dead. The category of animation does not know the comparative degree. Grammar does not allow us to add a vague "more or less" to the living or inanimate. But it is worth breaking away from the conditional grammatical necessity for the sake of honest physiological reality, as it turns out that a thing is not equal to a thing - one is deader than the other. Inanimateness can serve as a mask covering a life full of passions.
In the paintings of Okshtein things are partially animated, because they are all equipped with sexual characteristics. This is not a still life, but not a portrait. This is a collection of fetishes, mysterious items replacing a woman.
At the same time, the main fetish is the woman herself. There is nothing natural in her, nothing naked, she is covered in all - blush and lipstick, crimson nail polish, delicate lace gloves, black nylon stocking. We do not see a naked body. It is hidden from us, like a gold reserve in a bank safe. Instead, a loose coin of sexual paraphernalia is used. Provocative outfits are charged from the secret that they hide. Their perversity lies in incompleteness. Avoiding nudity, the artist intentionally transfers an erotic charge from nature to culture. It is clothing that makes his beauties obscene.
John Prime (1946 - April 7, 2020), American singer
John Prine's talent was discovered by his colleague, country singer Chris Kristofferson, who heard Prine sing in one of the Chicago clubs. His debut album, simply titled “John Prine” (1971), made him famous immediately. Bob Dylan admired his style of performance, calling it "the purest Proust existentialism." In recent years, John Prine suffered from cancer and had one lung removed.
Allen Garfield (1939 - April 7, 2020), American actor
Allen Garfield was a journalist, boxer, studied at the famous Lee Strasberg acting school, played supporting roles in the films of Milos Forman, Woody Allen, Francis Ford Coppola's "Conversation" (1974), Michael Ritchie's "Candidate" (1972), "Nashville" Robert Altman (1975), Tony Scott's Beverly Hills Cop II (1987). On the set of the film "The Ninth Gate" he suffered a stroke, and Roman Polansky endowed his character with partial paralysis. Garfield continued to act in films until 2004, when he suffered a second stroke.
Michael McKinnell (1935 - March 27, 2020), American architect
McKinnell's style is characterized as a combination of the architecture of memory, a sense of modernity and devotion to modernism. His first significant work was the Boston City Hall - the project he created won the competition when the architect was still a 26-year-old graduate student at Columbia University. He developed it together with the German architect Gerhard Kalmann, and - to the surprise of the authors who had never built anything - their application won the competition, for which another 255 projects were proposed. To many, their plan at that time seemed controversial, but now the city hall has become one of the symbols of Boston.
McKinnell has built many US government and public buildings. He always carried a six-inch ruler in his pocket and explained that the scale of the building should correspond to the size of the human body.
Alexander Tinn George, 7th Marquis Bath (1932 - April 4, 2020), British politician
The owner of a significant fortune (more than 150 million pounds) Alexander George Tin lived in the hippie style, and his name was often found on the pages of the tabloids. He was one of the founders of the dwarf Wessex Regional Party, he sat in the House of Lords of the British Parliament for 7 years, considered himself an artist and founded Longleat Safari Park on the territory of his estate.
Mark Bloom (1950 - March 25, 2020), American actor
In the comedy Desperately Seeking Susan (1985), Mark Bloom starred opposite Madonna, Rosanna Arquette, Lori Metcalf, Aidan Quinn and John Turturro. For young stars, this film was a great start. A year later, Bloom appeared on the screen in the comedy “Crocodile Dundee”. Bloom has played many roles in films and television series (The Sopranos, Elementary, Mozart in the Jungle), worked in the theater, but the authors of his obituaries recall primarily these two comedies of the 1980s.
Lee Fierro (1929 - April 5, 2020), American actress
Lee Fierro became famous for her role in Steven Spielberg's cult film Jaws. She played Mrs. Kintner, the mother of a boy eaten by a shark. Dizzy with grief, Mrs. Kintner slaps the police chief, who did not close the beach even though he knew of the atrocities of the killer shark.
Adam Schlesinger (1967 - April 1, 2020), American singer
Adam Schlesinger has played in the bands Fountains of Wayne, Ivy and Tinted Windows. He was nominated for an Academy Award and received a Grammy for the soundtrack to What You Do, Tom Hanks (1996) and three Emmy Awards for music for a television show. His music for the Broadway production based on John Waters's "Crybaby" was a great success.
Terrence McNelly (1938 - March 24, 2020), American playwright
Terrence McNally has become one of the most famous and prolific playwrights in the United States. He was openly gay and spent many years in a same-sex marriage with renowned theater producer Tom Kirdahi. In his plays, McNally raised the themes of the life of homosexuals, homophobia, love during the time of AIDS. “Theater changes hearts, the secret place where we really live,” he said in 2019 when he won his fourth Tony award.
David Driscell (1931 - April 1, 2020), American art critic
The main topic of David S. Driskell's research was the history of African American art, which many cultural institutions in the United States underestimated, even ignored. Among his curatorial services - the exhibition "Two Centuries of African American Art: 1750-1955", held in Los Angeles in 1976. Collecting over 200 paintings, drawings and sculptures, Driskell demonstrated how significant the contribution of black artists was to the history of American art. Driskell wanted to show the white cultural establishment that African American art was false and undeservedly marginalized, and he got it. This exhibition, ArtNews admits, “changed the history of art forever”.
Jean-Laurent Caucher (1935 - April 7, 2020), French director and actor
Jean-Laurent Cochet became an actor in the Comedie Francaise, France's oldest theater company, when he was 24. In the 1960s, he founded his own theater school and gradually became France's most famous acting teacher. Among his students were Gerard Depardieu, Isabelle Huppert, and many television, film and pop stars. Huppert says she was fascinated by Kosche's teaching prowess. "In his class, I was more of a spectator than an actress."
Kochet was famous for his rigor - he did not let late come to classes and could not stand it when one of the students coughed during classes. He idolized the theater and believed that the performance should be similar to a religious ceremony.
Among the victims of the coronavirus are Belarusian actor Viktor Dashkevich, Japanese comedian Ken Shimura, former Libyan Prime Minister Mahmoud Djibril and many other people whose names are known to millions. And this kind of martyrology is replenished every day.
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