Effective Tips: How to easily memorize 100 new English words per week
Starting to learn English is quite easy, but many are faced with the problem of vocabulary. Someone simply learns new words, constantly repeating them, someone creates some kind of scheme. Edition Lifehacker Gathered the most effective tips on how to learn 100 words a week, so as not to forget them.
How to choose words to learn
Each language has a set of tokens that make up most of everyday speech. Knowing 1 000 words, you can understand 74,5% of non-fiction, 82,3% - fiction and 84,3% - oral utterances.
By learning 100 words a week, after 2,5 months you can understand simple texts and support everyday conversations.
For those who are a little familiar with the language, the grouping method is suitable. You will spend a little more time creating a list, but make your memory easier.
How to group words
This method will help you create additional links. Even if you forget the meaning of a word, you can navigate by the group to which it belonged.
Words on the same topic.
This principle of learning is used in the school curriculum when a lesson on a specific topic contains a list of new tokens.
connective tissue - connective tissue
liver - liver
kidney - kidney
brain - brain
blood - blood
lymph - lymph
Select a few words with a similar meaning. Ideally, read examples of their use, so as not to get confused, using them in context. You can select related words here:
compelling - undeniable, compelling
compulsory - compulsory, compulsory
forcible - violent, forced
imperative - imperative, obligatory
coercive - forced
The path for the stubborn and curious. Write down all the options containing a specific root, and find out the origin of the word. This may slow down your learning, but later on you will roughly imagine what this token is, even forgetting the exact meaning.
jekt - from Latin “throw”
projector - a projector (what throws the image on the screen)
to object - object, protest (throw objections)
to subject - subject, subjugate (throw under oneself)
injection - injection (throw what-that inwards)
reject - reject (discard from yourself)
interject - insert (toss between)
trajectory - the trajectory (the path that is cast)
jettison - get rid of (throw away)
eject - push, throw (discard)
conjecture - guess (together guess)
dejected - dejected (discarded)
Different forms of one word
Even if you have learned something well, another form caught in the text may confuse you. Remembering all the derivatives at once, you will prevent confusion and unnecessary peeks in the dictionary.
beautiful - beautiful
beautifully - beautiful
beauty - beauty
beautify - decorate
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Phrases and expressions
Expressions and phrases are remembered much better than individual words. In addition, it will be easier for you to recognize what you learned in the text.
moral imperative - moral duty
forced displacement - forced displacement
compulsory labor - forced labor
free and compulsory education - free and compulsory education
Try grouping according to different criteria and find what is convenient for you.
How to learn new words
Our memory has some features. To better remember new words, they must be used.
Use the card method
If you repeat a word several times in a row, it is remembered worse than if you had met through 6 – 20 of other words. This feature is called the lag effect, and many card management systems are built on its basis.
Cut cards from paper or create them in a free application. On one side, write a new word or expression, and on the other, a translation or usage example in English. You can add pictures, freehand drawings - all that will help you remember the desired value.
Repeat the new word once, then put the card in the bottom of the pile and move on to the next. When you return to the first token, it will have time to gain a foothold in memory, and repetition will make the connection even stronger.
When working with cards, you will use another feature of human memory - the distribution effect. Its essence is to periodically return to learned information when it is about to be forgotten. Remembering the material passed through in a day, 10 days, a month, you firmly fix it in the brain.
To use this effect, distribute your cards into three piles or lists, if you learn in the application:
- Brand new, just added.
- More or less familiar.
Cards from the first and second groups need to be taken with you all the time and repeat the words at any opportunity: in the bus, in traffic, at dinner. The third stack can be left at home and returned to it no more than once every seven days.
Create a list of 100 words at the beginning of the week. All of them will be in the first pile. On Monday, select 20 words, take with you and learn throughout the day. Repeat the list in the evening: if you have learned all the elements, transfer them to the third pile and leave them at home. If you get a stubborn word, add it to the list of new ones the next day and repeat with them until it is fixed in memory.
Return to learned material no more than once a week. If at one of these checks you realized that the already known word was completely forgotten, add this card to new ones and proceed further accordingly.
If you use an application where you cannot exclude learned words from the list, you can combine the first and second categories - learn everything together, and at the beginning of the next day create a new list.
Flashcards - Study, Memorize & Improve Vocabulary has an Add to ignored function. It allows you to take turns eliminating words that you remember well, and then returning them back to repeat the entire list once a week.
Visualize the meaning of the word
New tokens settle much better in memory if you associate them in some way. There are several options for good visualization.
Exaggeration: if it’s a subject, try to imagine something global. For example, if you need to remember the word root (“root”), you can imagine a huge tree that explodes the asphalt with its roots and destroys houses.
Motion: the brain focuses better on moving objects, so you can make your visualizations a little more mobile. For example, the expression compulsory education (“compulsory education”) can be represented as a scene from the film “The Wall”, where children roll along the conveyor belt and fall into a meat grinder.
Something fantastic and funny. Unusual creative associations are remembered better than something standard. Turn on the fantasy, let these images surprise and amuse you. For example, to remember the phrase “forced displacement”, you can imagine Yoda from Star Wars holding a column over Obi-Wan with his Jedi power. Immediately, his catchphrase will help you: “May the force be with you” (“May the force be with you”).
Associated with emotions. Any emotions, good or bad, are deeply embedded in the memory. For example, to remember the phrase compulsory labor (“forced labor”), you can imagine how your parents sent you to your grandmother for the summer, where it took half a day to weed out beds under the scorching sun. If you come up with an association based on emotions, the new material will probably be well remembered.
Imagine how you use a word in life
This method requires more time than simple associations, but gives good results. You can use it for particularly stubborn words that do not want to be remembered.
Imagine not just an image, but a situation in which you use this word. Visualize in your head how you pronounce it, with whom you are talking, what is happening around. For example, you want to remember the verb to object ("object, protest"). Imagine how you are sitting at a meeting: a colleague says complete nonsense, everyone agrees with him, and overcoming the fear of being misunderstood, say: “I object to that idea”.
You can not just imagine, but directly play this scene: say the phrase out loud, add a suitable facial expression and gestures. It may seem strange, but you will surely have fun.
How not to forget what is already learned
In addition to periodically returning to completed material, you need to practice more in applying your knowledge.
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Replenishing your vocabulary is important, but this lesson alone will not help you learn the language. Try to read more in English: download your favorite book or subscribe to the newsletter of the English-language site. The main thing is that you do not just train to learn the language, but really are interested in what you read. Then there will be more progress.
Watch all the films and TV shows that are dear to your heart in English. Emotions are important, remember? Learn your favorite phrases from movies, write cool lines from lyrics.
If you don’t have much time for classes, use this method to create new word lists. Download your favorite book or find an article on an interesting topic and read until a list of 20 new tokens the next day or 100 for a week is accumulated.
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