Super women and console wars: what awaits us in 2020
What will happen and what to talk about in 2020? This publication found out with the BBC, it has compiled a selection of people and events that will attract the attention of the whole world.
It is too early to make predictions about the US presidential election.
In the end, the impeachment process of US President Donald Trump is in full swing, and the Democratic Party has not even chosen a candidate.
But in any case, the struggle for Senate seats will be of great importance in the November 3 elections.
Control over the upper house facilitates — or, conversely, complicates — the lives of presidents, since the Senate has the final say on legislation, budget, and the appointment of judges.
Republicans now have 53 out of 100 seats, but Trump's party will need to defend 23 seats in the election - compared with only 12 for Democrats who already have control over the lower house of representatives.
Trump may well be re-elected, but if the alignment of forces in the Senate changes, it will greatly complicate his life.
New Arab Spring?
In the second half of 2019, protests shook Iraq, Egypt and Lebanon (Algeria and Sudan collided with them in the first half), and this made people talk about the new "Arab Spring."
This name was given to the wave of uprisings, which swept through many Arab countries in 2011.
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“The four countries that witnessed the waves of protests in 2019 - Algeria, Sudan, Iraq and Lebanon - are the countries that were left without the Arab Spring in 2011,” said Dahlia Ghanem, a researcher at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
“This is a new season of discontent,” she adds.
But will demonstrations continue in 2020, or perhaps even intensify?
“This wave of public discontent is likely to spread to other countries,” said Ishak Divan, an Arab expert and professor at PSL University in Paris.
“The main difference from the first wave of 2011 is the economic environment. Growth has slowed, public debt has increased, and unemployment has increased, ”he adds.
“Therefore, if the struggle for dignity was the driving force of the preliminary uprising (in 2011), today people are more likely to drive hunger at protests,” he said Sofa.
Is anyone there?
The existence of planets outside our solar system is not new for a long time - since the late 1990s, more than 4000 of them have been discovered.
But the launch of the Cheops space telescope on December 18 began a new era in their research: over the next three years, this device of the European Space Agency will closely look at 400-500 exoplanets.
He will investigate several characteristics of the planets to determine the "promising topics" of the next generation of "researchers", which include the NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), which should be launched in 2021.
Elections to Watch Out for Beijing
Over the past months, China has had a lot of problems because of the protests in Hong Kong, but already at the beginning of next year, new challenges will appear before its leaders.
Taiwan is an island that China considers to be its province, but it is virtually independent from China after the communist government came to power after World War II.
And on January 11 there will be a presidential election.
Possible bad news for Beijing: polls show that President Cai Inwen has a good chance of re-election.
The Tsai Democratically Progressive Party has a strong nationalist stance and advocates for independence, aided by increased protests in Hong Kong.
In a recent poll published on December 17, Ms. Tsai was 38 points ahead of her main opponent.
African Lions on the alert
On May 30, 2019, the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) entered into force. This is the largest free trade zone in the world by the number of participating countries (54).
It was called a “political, economic, and diplomatic milestone,” which will promote growth on the continent — the International Monetary Fund has estimated that a trade deal can contribute to the growth of economic welfare for the continent as a whole from two to four percent.
They plan to start free trade in July, which is expected to be an incentive for business between African countries: exports between the countries of the continent accounted for less than 20% of total trade in 2018, which is significantly lower than in Asia (59%) and Europe (69 %).
New star in the Olympic horizon
The Olympic Games have opened the world to many young geeks.
Marjorie Gesting was only 13 years old when she won a gold medal at the 1936 Berlin Games and became the youngest official Olympic champion - although it is believed that an unknown French boy aged 7-10 helped the Dutch rowing team win the main prize at Olympics in Paris in 1900.
But Sky Brown wants to break that record.
In an era when elite competitions are much tougher than 80 years ago, the 11-year-old British skateboarder received a bronze medal at the World Championships in September 2019 and will become the UK's youngest Olympic athlete if she gets the right to participate in the Games in Tokyo.
The games will be held from July 24 to August 9, and this year the program will debut skateboarding, rock climbing, surfing, karate and softball.
Will malaria disappear in a few more countries?
Malaria, a disease transmitted by mosquitoes, killed more than 2018 people in 405, with 000 million cases reported by the World Health Organization.
The good news is that the number of cases worldwide has declined, and nine countries can completely eradicate the disease in 2020.
Among them, in particular, may be China. Previously, this most populated country on Earth had approximately 30 million cases and 300 thousand deaths per year due to malaria.
Iran, Belize, El Salvador, Suriname, Cape Verde, Bhutan, East Timor and Malaysia are also on their way to getting rid of this disease.
WHO indicates that of the 91 countries at risk, 38 have already eliminated the disease.
Super women on screen
Hollywood has planned a lot of new products for 2020, but one trend stands out among them - women got the main roles in superhero films.
In addition to the new film from the Wonder Woman series, the adventures of the Black Widow, a character played by Scarlett Johansson in the Avengers franchise, will be shown on screens around the world.
The villains will also find their place: if in 2019 the star of the Joker shone brightly, then in 2020 will be the year of his mistress and accomplice Harley Queen.
The "last" return of the main spy
“This is not the time to die” - the 25th James Bond film (although there were three more films that, as a rule, are not considered “official”) will be the last appearance of the British actor Daniel Craig in this role.
Of course, there will be a lot of talk and theories regarding the next incarnation of the famous secret agent, especially considering that in the film Craig plays Bond, who, among others, is faced with the new female agent “00”.
The Greta Effect Will Affect Travel
“Slow travels” arose several years ago as another direction of “slow movement” - a culture of a general slowdown in the rhythm of life.
However, the propaganda of the “advantages of trains over airplanes” has gained new meaning after climate activist Greta Tunberg made it part of her campaign against climate change.
To reduce the carbon footprint, she travels long distances by trains instead of flying, and even sailed the Atlantic for a speech at the UN in New York.
Although other travelers may not go this far, slow travels have identified one of the leading trends in the travel industry in 2020, particularly the Association of British Travel Agents (ABTA).
The future is for VSCO
15-year-old American Emma Marie is one of the apologists for VSCO, a trend that has spread like a fire on the Internet. Her YouTube account has over 1000000 subscribers.
VSCO is a teenage subculture of informal fashion with a green bias.
It got its name from the eponymous editing and image-sharing program, and the New York Times described it as a “laid-back environmental aesthetic.”
A sign that this is something more than a passing trend is that the VSCO movement is affecting the business: a survey in the United States found a 21% reduction in makeup spending among teenage girls in 2019.
Billy Isle's Rise
When the nominations for the 62th Grammy Award were announced in November, many spoke of the defeat of South Korean pop group BTS.
Representatives of the K-POP trend did not fall into any categories, despite the fact that they are breaking record after record in the music industry.
These conversations were somewhat overshadowed by the breakthrough of Billy Elish.
The 17-year-old American singer and songwriter received nominations for all the main prizes - in particular, the song of the year, the record of the year, the album of the year and the best new artist.
In 2020, she will go on her first world tour of 42 concerts on three continents.
Prepare your payment cards: in 2020, both Sony and Microsoft will release new game consoles.
Sony's PS5 and Microsoft's Xbox Project Scarlett are due out later this year and promise to take video games to the next level, especially in terms of graphics.
Both products are still shrouded in mystery, although game industry insiders speculate that consoles will cost about $ 500.
Microsoft is trying to overcome Sony's dominance: as of October 2019, Sony has sold more than 100 million PS4 units worldwide, more than double the sales of its equivalent Microsoft product, the Xbox One (43 million), according to consulting firm VG Chartz.
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