Who created the capsule for the rescue of air passengers
A few days after the crash of the Russian aircraft in Egypt, messages about the creation of miracle capsules that can save lives for passengers at the time of the crash began to spread actively in various media and social networks. Moreover, the authorship of quite similar capsules is simultaneously attributed to the citizens of Russia and Ukraine.
The “Forum” reviewed potential inventions.
Aviation engineer from Kiev, Vladimir Tatarenko, developed a capsule that can be separated from the aircraft in seconds at the time of the crash.
The shooting capsule, as conceived by Tatarenko, is attached to the fuselage. The concept of a capsule with seats for passengers and crew, invented by an engineer, can jump out of the plane's fuselage through the rear hatch in two or three seconds.
First, a small parachute is pushed out of the plane; it pulls out a large parachute, which already pulls out the capsule itself. True, it can only be installed on model aircraft, which have a place in the tail section for the hatch through which the capsule passes, that is, for Boeing or Airbus, it is not yet suitable.
Since about 70% of accidents, according to the International Civil Aviation Organization, occurs on steady horizontal flight, Tatarenko believes that this system is able to provide practically guaranteed rescue of passengers and crew during a plane crash in the air, on takeoff and on landing.
29 October Community Street FX Motorsport & Graphics on Facebook posted a video demonstrating Tatarenko's passenger rescue system. Now the video has more than 18 million views and 270 thousand shares. These figures are explained by the fact that just a couple of days after its publication, the A-321 airbus, en route to St. Petersburg, crashed.
The aircraft manufacturer told the Ukrainian portal AIN.UAthat the capsule should fly at a speed of 8-9 m / s, and a sensor is provided in the design that determines the distance to the surface. When the distance is reduced, the powder motors are activated, which brake the container - as a result, it lands at zero speed. The capsule descends on a parachute system, but can also splash down on an inflatable raft or land on a shock-absorbing platform.
More technology is described in article Vladimir Tatarenko in the Inventor and Rationalizer magazine, published in 2014, along with drawings of various capsule versions.
According to the author, the capsule, which can be installed in serial aircraft models, is the first stage of the invention, which takes about four years (two years for development and testing, another one and a half to two years for obtaining ICAO airworthiness certificates).
The second step is the creation of new aircraft models initially equipped with such capsules. If in the first case, when the capsule is installed in an existing aircraft model, it becomes heavier, in the second, its mass does not change. The implementation of the idea at the moment is great, since relatively recently, ultra-light and durable materials have appeared from which a capsule can be made - carbon fiber.
However, the chances that the invention will see the light of day are still small, since the pleasure is quite expensive. The estimated cost of the first stage - the creation of a capsule that can be built into existing aircraft models - is about a million dollars.
Tatarenko has already applied to the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine, but they replied that the authorities have no money for such a project. According to him, the leaders Experimental Design Bureau (OKB) them. Antonov says that in two years they would create a capsule with which Ukraine would strike the whole world.
According to the inventor, such carriers are unprofitable for carrier companies, because, due to the capsule of seats in the aircraft, they will be one row less, that is, fewer tickets will be sold for each flight. In addition, as the aircraft becomes heavier, fuel consumption will increase.
“I asked them: well, let the ticket be 30% more expensive - on which plane will you send your family and fly yourself: on a regular plane or on one from which you can be guaranteed to escape? But I was told that they have no security problems now, ”Tatarenko says.
Vladimir Tatarenko was born in Siberia, near Krasnoyarsk, after studying he was assigned to the Kiev Aviation Plant, and then he became the leading engineer of the Aviation Technologies Research Institute.
The scientist Hamid Khalidov from Dagestan, reportedly invented the system of personal protection of air passengers. The Russian proposes to mount polymer parachute capsules into the fuselage of the liner, which can eject together with people in the event of a crash.
The inventor has created the APAKS system - an aviation passenger autonomous escape capsule - on the principle of detachable modules inserted into the aircraft fuselage. In the event of a plane crash, these capsules are first sealed and then ejected.
Hamid Khalidov like reports lifenews, patented his idea in 2000 under the name “APAX System - Air Passenger Rescue”. Each capsule is equipped with a special parachute for soft landing.
“The capsule is made of modern polymer material so it won't burn or sink. The weight of the modules will not exceed one or two tons, there will be no excessive consumption of fuel, - assures Hamid Khalidov. “Many new inventions are being made now, but practically nothing new has been invented to save aircraft passengers.”
As Khalidov tells on his the official website, in the attachment points of the aircraft wings to the fuselage, along it and along its circumferences between the nose part with the pilot cabin, capsules and tail part are placed elongated cumulative charges, undermining which carry out almost instant explosive cutting of the fuselage, which frees the rescue capsules with passengers from the aircraft.
With the help of the parachute-braking system, rescue capsules make a soft landing. The complete autonomy of the capsule and the ability to withdraw the parachute for a fraction of a second, by starting active self-restraint, make it possible to save passengers even during takeoff and landing at extremely low altitudes. After landing (or landing), the capsules include appropriate emergency communications, alarms and life support. Both today and tomorrow for the air passenger the most important condition will be the guarantee of saving his life. If some planes can do it better than others, this will provide them with high demand and competitiveness. Moreover, the expected appreciation will not exceed a few percent of the cost of the aircraft.
Meanwhile, the designer and candidate of military sciences, Igor Tabachuk, was skeptical of Khalidov’s device. The expert believes that the more different systems in the liner, the more likely they will break. In addition, according to the designer, an additional two tons - too much load for an airship.
“It's actually an armored capsule. Why insert any modules into the plane, if the fuselage itself can be used as a capsule, says Tabachuk. "A huge number of people are working on rescue systems, and I think everything that has been done so far is the limit of possibilities."
Hamid Khalidov, a graduate of the radio engineering faculty of Dagestan State University, until 2010, was an adviser on inventions and innovations to the chairman of the presidium of the Dagestan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS). In 2010, Khalidov became vice-president of the Eurasian Transport Innovation Center in Moscow.
Another potential author of the revolutionary invention is considered Moldovan Alexander Balan. In March, 2014, it was reported that a graduate of the Moldovan Polytechnic Institute developed a security system that guarantees the rescue of passengers in the crash of any aircraft.
In its structure, the project resembles a cocoon enveloping an air passenger. Opening Alexander, as they wrote Moldavian media, "Stirred up the world scientific elite," and Chinese technical corporations allegedly immediately promised billions for the project.
The meaning of Balan’s invention is that in an accident the plane, hitting the ground, does not explode, and passengers are not injured.
The first direction of discovery - the SIAAB1 2013 system - is a special substance, the secret of which lies in its formula. Kerosene (jet fuel) is added to a very strong mixture of chemicals, changing its chemical and physical structure and turning it into a solid, similar to green sand. In this case, the combustion of kerosene becomes impossible.
The second direction of the invention is the SIAAB2 2013 system. This is a hybrid liquid and foamy substance (the chemical formula of which is also classified), located in special titanium capsules. Eight seconds before the crash, it automatically fills the interior, turning into foam.
In contact with air, the "magic" substance increases in volume 416 times and hardens, creating a kind of "cocoon" around the passenger, blocking any movement. This avoids injury when hitting the ground. After 30 seconds, it turns into liquid again - the effect of shock energy lasts no more than four to five seconds. The substance has a slightly pungent odor, but is harmless to the eyes and skin.
Alexander Balan was offered a presentation of the project in London, New York, Seattle, Chicago, but for the first time he informed the world about his invention in his own Chisinau.
In the Republican Academy of Sciences, the inventor, in his own words, was looked upon with bewilderment. As a result, it was decided to present the project in the USA, namely in California.
According to aviation engineer Alexander Balan website of your company, by the end of 2016, it is planned to conduct experiments at the site and create its own laboratory in Switzerland.
If the experiment at the test site is successful, the security system will be implemented all over the world, which, according to Balan, will save humanity from the death of a large number of people in plane crashes.
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