Russia after the United States comes out of the rocket pact: how it threatens the world
Russia suspends participation in the treaty on medium and shorter-range missiles (PRSMD) as a mirror response to such a US decision, said Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“We will do the following. Our answer will be mirrored. The American partners announced that they are suspending their participation in the treaty, and we are suspending, "Putin said at a meeting with Defense and Foreign Ministers Sergei Shoigu and Sergei Lavrov. Air force.
The President also asked the two departments to no longer initiate negotiations with the United States on disarmament, but noted that all the proposals of the Russian Federation remain in force.
“All our proposals, as before, in this area (restrictions on intermediate and shorter-range missiles) remain on the table, the doors for negotiations are open,” Putin said.
Putin also agreed with Shoigu's proposal to create a medium-range, ground-based hypersonic missile, as well as a ground version of the Caliber.
On Friday, US President Donald Trump announced that from February 2 The United States unilaterally suspend all obligations under the liquidation agreement medium-range and shorter-range missiles (PRSP) and begin the procedure for withdrawing from the treaty.
“This situation, of course, aggravates the situation that has developed in recent years in general in the field of nuclear disarmament and strategic stability,” Lavrov said at a meeting with Putin.
The agreement signed in 1987 between the USSR and the United States is one of the most important agreements that ensured a state of “strategic stability” in the world, which practically guaranteed that a nuclear war would not start. Now this condition is under threat.
State Duma Reaction
The State Duma of Russia said that the suspension of the United States fulfillment of its obligations under the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (DIS) threatens to escalate tensions, primarily in European countries, writes Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
Thus, the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Defense and Security, Yuri Shvytkin, commented on the RT statement by the American leader Donald Trump. In the Russian Federation called such a move by the United States dangerous.
“First of all, the US decision threatens to escalate tensions, a possible arms race. And this is a danger in relation to those countries where the corresponding types of US weapons are located, primarily European countries, ”said Shvytkin.
The State Duma also appreciated the decision of Russian President Vladimir Putin to suspend Russia's participation in the Treaty on Medium and Short Range Missiles (INF).
Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Defense and Security Yuri Shvytkin called such a response adequate, given the actions of the United States. According to him, Vladimir Putin "made an absolutely grounded decision that corresponds to the realities of the time."
"It will sober up the US politicians and pro-Western politicians who are trying to impose an arms race on us and destroy the security system in the world," the deputy said in an interview with RT.
Anton Morozov, a member of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs, agrees with him. “We did not manage to build a constructive dialogue with the Americans on the INF Treaty. They constantly make unfounded demands and unfounded accusations against Russia, send ultimatum letters. Therefore, a situation has developed when further negotiations are futile, ”the parliamentarian said.
According to him, "we ourselves never provoke an arms race and do not plan to unilaterally deploy missiles anywhere."
NATO countries supported the US withdrawal from the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Short-Range Missiles (INF), writes UNIAN. This is stated in the statement of NATO. The Alliance regrets that Russia continues to deny the breach of the treaty and refuses to provide access to accurate information about its missiles. In addition, the Alliance recalled repeated attempts to return Russia to the implementation of the treaty, as well as calls for dialogue.
“Allies regret that Russia continues to deny violations, refuses to provide any credible answers, and does not take any obvious steps to return to full compliance with the treaty,” the statement said.
The Alliance urged Moscow to use the next six months in order to renew the INF Treaty. NATO calls on the Russian Federation to destroy the 9М729 cruise missile systems.
NATO said that if Russia does not fulfill its obligations under the treaty, then the United States will withdraw from it in six months, and then Moscow will be solely responsible for its termination.
Earlier on Saturday, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told the BBC:
“All (European) allies agree with the US because Russia has been violating the treaty for several years. It is deploying more and more new missiles capable of carrying a nuclear warhead in Europe. ”
European countries, however, fear that the final cancellation of the treaty will lead to an arms race, including the possible deployment of American missiles on European territory.
UN Secretary General's reaction
UN Secretary-General António Guterres hopes that Russia and the United States will use the next six months to resolve the contradictions under the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (INF), writes Columnist. This was announced on Friday at a briefing by the official representative of the UN Secretary-General Stefan Dusarric.
“We saw the announcement made today,” he said. - The secretary general hopes that the parties will use the six months announced to resolve the differences. The INF Treaty is very important for the international arms control architecture. ”
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China called on the United States to return to the treaty and resolve differences with Russia in the framework of a dialogue, rather than threats. Beijing warned that the US decision is fraught with a series of negative consequences.
"China opposes the US withdrawal from the treaty and calls on the United States and Russia to properly resolve differences through constructive dialogue," said a Chinese Foreign Ministry official.
American officials, meanwhile, indicate that about 95% of China’s missile arsenal would violate the requirements of the INF Treaty, if China had signed it. At present, the Chinese authorities are not bound by this agreement, and Beijing has previously rejected the possibility of concluding a multilateral agreement on the type of INF Treaty, which would include the PRC.
"They've been breaking it for years."
US President Donald Trump announced the US intention to withdraw from the treaty on October 20, 2018. He said that the reason for the withdrawal was the violation of the treaty by the Russian side: “They have been violating it for many years. And we're not going to let them violate the nuclear deal and make weapons. ”
Washington claims that Russia has secretly developed a new cruise missile, the 9M728, based on the 9M729 missile for the Iskander-M operational-tactical complex.
Its range, according to the US, in violation of the treaty, significantly exceeds 500 kilometers. According to the Americans, they have proof of the creation of such a rocket and its tests. In addition, the new rocket even outwardly differs from the old one - it is noticeably longer.
Russia denies these accusations, as proof, it even demonstrated a new product, but not the 9М729 rocket itself, but the transport and launch container for it. In comparison with the container for 9М728, it really turned out to be longer. At the same time, pointing to the container, the Russian military explained that the rocket is longer not due to an increase in the fuel tank, but because of a larger warhead and a new navigation system.
The last requirement of the United States was to destroy the 9М729 missiles, which, according to the Americans, violate the treaty. Russia called it an ultimatum and accused America of seeking to withdraw from the treaty at any cost.
On Saturday, the Russian defense ministry said the US had made the decision to withdraw from the INF Treaty several years before "unsubstantiated accusations against Russia were made public."
What is the INF?
- The Treaty on Medium and Short Range Missiles, signed by the USA and the USSR in 1987, prohibited all complexes of nuclear and non-nuclear ground-based missiles with an average (1000-5500 km) and a smaller (500-1000 km) radius of action.
- The US was concerned about the deployment of the SS-20 missile system, and in response, America deployed Pershing missiles and cruise missiles in Europe, prompting widespread protest reactions.
- By 1991, about 2700 missiles were destroyed.
- In May 2007, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov said that "the treaty is no longer effective, as dozens of states have appeared that have such missiles." In the same year, Vladimir Putin announced the need to make the INF treaty multilateral, but then the Obama administration showed no interest in Moscow's initiative.
- In 2002, the United States withdrew from the treaty on the limitation of missile defense systems.
Putin instructed Shoigu to finalize the Caliber missile
The head of state also approved the start of work on the creation of a ground-based hypersonic missile, writes RBC.
President Vladimir Putin supported the proposals of Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu to create land-based hypersonic missiles and a ground-based version of the "Calibers". The head of state said this during a meeting with Minister and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, the Kremlin press service reported.
“They [the US] have announced that they are doing research and development, R&D, and we will do the same,” the president said.
At present, the Russian Kalibr cruise missile is being developed and produced only in the sea-based version. It was installed on new Russian frigates and rocket ships. This was due to the limitations of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF Treaty), which did not allow the installation of such missiles on land-based installations.
From now on, the United States will begin to withdraw from the INF Treaty and suspend the commitments taken back in 1987. The entire process of withdrawing from the contract will take six months. The day before, US President Donald Trump promised that Washington would develop its own weapons in response to violations committed by Moscow under the INF Treaty, and in order to “deprive Russia of any military advantages from its illegal actions.” Nevertheless, a little later, he said that he would like to conclude a new treaty with Russia on intermediate and shorter-range missiles.
The reason for the US claims against Russia was the 9M729 cruise missile, which can be launched from Iskander-M installations. US Director of National Intelligence Daniel Coates said earlier that by 2015 Russia had conducted flight tests and deployed missiles whose range does not meet the requirements of the treaty. Moscow, in turn, believes that the missile does not violate the provisions of the INF Treaty.
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