Russia after the United States comes out of the rocket pact: how it threatens the world
Russia suspends participation in the treaty on medium and shorter-range missiles (PRSMD) as a mirror response to such a US decision, said Russian President Vladimir Putin.
“We will proceed as follows. Our answer will be a mirror. The American partners have announced that they are suspending their participation in the treaty, and we are suspending, ”Putin said at a meeting with the Ministers of Defense and Foreign Affairs Sergey Shoigu and Sergey Lavrov, quoting Air force.
The President also asked the two departments to no longer initiate negotiations with the United States on disarmament, but noted that all the proposals of the Russian Federation remain in force.
“All our proposals, as before, in this area (restrictions of medium-range and shorter-range missiles) remain on the table, the doors for negotiations are open,” Putin said.
Putin also agreed with Shoigu’s proposal to create a medium-range hypersonic ground-based missile, as well as a ground-based version of the Calibers.
On Friday, US President Donald Trump announced that from February 2 The United States unilaterally suspend all obligations under the liquidation agreement medium-range and shorter-range missiles (PRSP) and begin the procedure for withdrawing from the treaty.
“This situation, of course, aggravates the situation that has developed in recent years as a whole in the field of nuclear disarmament and strategic stability,” said Lavrov at a meeting with Putin.
The agreement signed in 1987 between the USSR and the USA is one of the most important agreements that ensured a state of "strategic stability" in the world, which practically guaranteed that a nuclear war would not start. Now this state is under threat.
State Duma Reaction
The State Duma of Russia said that the suspension of the United States fulfillment of its obligations under the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (DIS) threatens to escalate tensions, primarily in European countries, writes Rossiyskaya Gazeta.
Thus, the Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Defense and Security, Yuri Shvytkin, commented on the RT statement by the American leader Donald Trump. In the Russian Federation called such a move by the United States dangerous.
“First of all, the decision of the United States threatens to escalate tensions, a possible arms race. And this is a danger in relation to the countries where the respective types of weapons are located in the United States, primarily in Europe, ”said Shvytkin.
The State Duma also appreciated the decision of Russian President Vladimir Putin to suspend Russia's participation in the Treaty on Medium and Short Range Missiles (INF).
Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Defense and Security, Yuri Shvytkin, called such an answer adequate, given the actions by the United States. According to him, Vladimir Putin "made an absolutely informed decision that corresponds to the realities of the time."
"It will sober up US politicians and pro-Western politicians who are trying to impose an arms race on us and destroy the security system in the world," said the deputy in a conversation with RT.
A member of the State Duma Committee on International Affairs Anton Morozov agrees with him. “We with the Americans failed to build a constructive dialogue on the INF Treaty. They constantly make unreasonable demands and unsubstantiated accusations against Russia, send ultimatum letters. Therefore, there is a situation when further negotiations are unpromising, ”said the parliamentarian.
According to him, “we never provoke an arms race ourselves and do not plan to deploy missiles unilaterally anywhere.”
NATO countries supported the US withdrawal from the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Short-Range Missiles (INF), writes UNIAN. This is stated in the statement of NATO. The Alliance regrets that Russia continues to deny the breach of the treaty and refuses to provide access to accurate information about its missiles. In addition, the Alliance recalled repeated attempts to return Russia to the implementation of the treaty, as well as calls for dialogue.
“The Allies regret that Russia continues to deny violations, refuses to give any credible answers and does not take any obvious steps to return to full compliance with the treaty,” the statement said.
The Alliance urged Moscow to use the next six months in order to renew the INF Treaty. NATO calls on the Russian Federation to destroy the 9М729 cruise missile systems.
NATO said that if Russia does not fulfill its obligations under the treaty, then the United States will withdraw from it in six months, and then Moscow will be solely responsible for its termination.
Earlier on Saturday, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg told the BBC:
“All (European) allies agree with the United States, since Russia has violated the treaty for several years. It is deploying more and more new missiles capable of carrying a nuclear warhead in Europe. ”
European countries, however, fear that the final annulment of the treaty will lead to an arms race, including the possible deployment of American missiles on European territory.
UN Secretary General's reaction
UN Secretary-General António Guterres hopes that Russia and the United States will use the next six months to resolve the contradictions under the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (INF), writes Columnist. This was announced on Friday at a briefing by the official representative of the UN Secretary-General Stefan Dusarric.
“We saw the announcement made today,” he said. - The Secretary General hopes that the parties use the six months that were announced to resolve the contradictions. The INF Museum is very important for an international arms control architecture. ”
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of China called on the United States to return to the treaty and resolve differences with Russia in the framework of a dialogue, rather than threats. Beijing warned that the US decision is fraught with a series of negative consequences.
"China is against US withdrawal from the treaty and calls on the United States and Russia to properly resolve differences through constructive dialogue," said a spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry.
American officials, meanwhile, indicate that about 95% of China’s missile arsenal would violate the requirements of the INF Treaty, if China had signed it. At present, the Chinese authorities are not bound by this agreement, and Beijing has previously rejected the possibility of concluding a multilateral agreement on the type of INF Treaty, which would include the PRC.
"They break it for many years."
The US intention to withdraw from the treaty, US President Donald Trump announced October 20 2018 of the year. The reason for the release, he called the breach of contract by the Russian side: “They violate it in many years. And we are not going to allow them to break the nuclear agreement and make weapons. ”
Washington claims that Russia has secretly developed a new cruise missile, 9МXNNUMX, based on the 728М9 rocket for the operational-tactical complex Iskander-M.
Its range, according to the United States, in violation of the contract significantly exceeds 500 kilometers. According to the Americans, they have evidence of the creation of such a rocket and its tests. In addition, the new rocket even looks different from the old - it is much longer.
Russia denies these accusations, as proof, it even demonstrated a new product, but not the 9М729 rocket itself, but the transport and launch container for it. In comparison with the container for 9М728, it really turned out to be longer. At the same time, pointing to the container, the Russian military explained that the rocket is longer not due to an increase in the fuel tank, but because of a larger warhead and a new navigation system.
The last requirement of the United States was to destroy the 9М729 missiles, which, according to the Americans, violate the treaty. Russia called it an ultimatum and accused America of seeking to withdraw from the treaty at any cost.
On Saturday, the Russian Defense Ministry announced that the United States had decided to withdraw from the INF mode a few years before "unsubstantiated charges were brought against the public to Russia".
What is the INF?
- The Treaty on Medium and Short Range Missiles, signed by the USA and the USSR in 1987, prohibited all complexes of nuclear and non-nuclear ground-based missiles with an average (1000-5500 km) and a smaller (500-1000 km) radius of action.
- The US was worried about the deployment of the SS-20 missile system, and in response, America deployed Pershing missiles and cruise missiles in Europe, triggering large-scale protest reactions.
- By 1991, about 2700 missiles were destroyed.
- In May, 2007, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Ivanov, stated that "the treaty is no longer effective, since dozens of states have emerged that have such missiles." In the same year, Vladimir Putin declared the need to make the INF Treaty multilateral, but then the administration of Barack Obama showed no interest in Moscow’s initiative.
- In 2002, the United States withdrew from the treaty on the limitation of missile defense systems.
Putin instructed Shoigu to finalize the Caliber missile
The head of state also approved the start of work on the creation of a ground-based hypersonic missile, writes RBC.
President Vladimir Putin supported the proposals of the head of the Ministry of Defense Sergei Shoigu to create hypersonic land-based missiles and the ground-based version of the "Calibrov." The head of state said this during a meeting with the Minister and Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, the Kremlin press service reports.
“They [the United States] have announced that they are engaged in research and development, research and development, and we will do the same,” the president said.
At present, the Russian Caliber cruise missile is being developed and manufactured only as a sea-based variant. It was installed on new Russian frigates and rocket ships. This was due to the limitations of the Treaty on Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (DSRMD), which did not allow the installation of such missiles on land installations.
Starting today, the United States will begin withdrawing from the INF Treaty and suspend the commitments made back in 1987. The whole process of withdrawal from the contract will take six months. The day before, American President Donald Trump promised that Washington would develop its own weapons in response to the violations that Moscow allowed within the framework of the INF Treaty with the aim of "depriving Russia of any military advantages from its illegal actions." Nevertheless, a little later, he said that he would like to conclude with Russia a new treaty on medium and shorter range missiles.
The reason for the US claims against Russia was the cruise missile 9М729, which can be launched from Iskander-M installations. US National Intelligence Director Daniel Coates said earlier that by the year 2015 Russia had conducted flight tests and deployed missiles whose range does not meet the requirements of the treaty. Moscow, in turn, believes that the rocket does not violate the provisions of the INF.
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