CDC Report: Who's Most Sick and Dies from Covid-19 in the US
New data released by the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides an exhaustive picture of who was diagnosed with Covid-19 in the United States and how they coped with the disease. Writes about it CNN.
Recent evidence confirms that older people and those with chronic illnesses are at greatest risk of death.
Between January 22 (when the first case was confirmed) and May 30, 1 cases of infection and 761 deaths were recorded in the country, according to the results published in the CDC's weekly morbidity and mortality report. Data comes from local, state, and federal sources and is consistent with data from the Johns Hopkins University Coronavirus Research Center.
In total, 184 673 (14%) patients were hospitalized, 29 837 (2%) were hospitalized in the intensive care unit, and 71 116 (5%) died. Hospitalization is six times higher, and mortality is 12 times higher among those who reported comorbidities. The most common underlying diseases were cardiovascular disease (32%), diabetes (30%), and chronic lung disease (18%).
The report found that the incidence rate is 403,6 cases per 100 people, and the incidence among men and women is almost the same. But the percentage of men hospitalized (000%) who came to the ICU (16%) and died (3%) was higher than among women (6%, 12% and 2%, respectively).
This rate was the highest among people aged 80 years and older and the lowest among children aged 9 years and younger. But the correlation between age and incidence was not direct: it was higher among people aged 40-49 years old and 50-59 years old than among people aged 60-69 years old and 70-79 years old.
Among cases based on ethnicity, 33% were Hispanic, 22% were Black, and 1,3% were Indian or Alaska Native. The report notes that "these data indicate that the COVID-19 pandemic disproportionately affected people in these groups, which represent 18%, 13% and 0,7% of the US population, respectively."
The average number of new daily cases peaked at almost 32 on April 000, and the number of deaths reached 12 on April 2856. Although the average number of seven-day new cases and deaths is declining, the report notes that transmission of the virus in society is still ongoing.
According to the report, “The COVID-19 pandemic is still serious, especially in certain populations. These preliminary results underscore the need to build on ongoing efforts to collect and analyze case data, especially among those who have health problems. ”
The number of cases has increased in 18 states, with more than 50% jump in six states. This has led some government and health officials to suspend their efforts to resume work after quarantine.
However, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the country's leading specialist in infectious diseases and one of the most prominent members of the White House coronavirus task force, said that a return to normal life may come within a year, but people need to partially abandon their usual them summer travel and activities.
“You just have to wait and see what happens,” Fauci said, referring to the schedule for lifting restrictions. "I think most likely everything is measured in months, not weeks."
It is noteworthy that Fauchi was optimistic that a vaccine or several vaccines could soon be successful.
“We have potential successes in vaccines. We may have four or five, ”he said.
“You can never guarantee success with a vaccine, it’s stupid because there are many possibilities for something to go wrong,” he explained. "But all of the previous results indicate that we will get two or three successful vaccines."
While scientists continue to work on a possible vaccine against the virus, senior health officials still encourage social distance, frequent hygiene practices and the use of face masks to reduce transmission.
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