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Updated test for US citizenship: all questions and answers in Russian

Those who apply for US citizenship on December 1, 2020 will need to take an updated naturalization test. US Citizenship and Immigration Services reviews the test every 10 years to ensure it remains a tool that comprehensively assesses applicants' knowledge of American history, government, and civic values.

Photo: Shutterstock

The old test included 10 questions, in the new there are 20 with the need to correctly answer 12. And now you need to prepare not 100, but 128 questions.

In the summer of 2020, USCIS conducted a countrywide pilot test with community organizations and volunteers. The data collected during this pilot project was used to help USCIS determine the lexical and grammatical structure of the individual test items.

The test consists of two parts: checking the level of English and knowledge of American history and government. The civil test requires you to show your knowledge of the history and political system of the United States - this is the most difficult part of the citizenship exam, and you need to prepare in advance.

All questions with answers for this test is publicly available on the USCIS website, there is also video and audio materials for training... Questions are asked only from this list, there can be no unexpected topics. Of the 128 questions, the immigration officer chooses only 20, to successfully pass the test, you need to answer correctly on 12. As soon as the required number of answers has been collected, the exam is stopped and the remaining questions are not asked.

The questions are divided into three broad thematic groups: American government, American history (geography), and civil life. They are asked in English, no answer options are offered. Most of them are simple, but some require prior preparation, especially those related to US history. In certain cases, there may be several correct answers, then you need to name as many as they ask in the question.

Especially for its readers, ForumDaily has translated all 128 questions and answers to them.

American government

A: Principles of American Government

1. What is the form of government in the United States?

  • republic
  • constitutional federal republic
  • representative democracy

2. What is the highest law of the country?

  • The US Constitution

3. What does the US Constitution do? (ONE answer)

  • forms the government
  • defines the powers of the government
  • defines parts of government
  • protects human rights

4. The US Constitution begins with the words "We the people." What does this mean?

  • self management
  • popular sovereignty
  • consent of the governed
  • people must manage themselves
  • example of a social contract

5. How are changes made to the US Constitution?

  • amendment
  • amendment process

6. What does the Bill of Rights protect?

  • basic rights of Americans
  • basic rights of people living in the USA

7. How many amendments to the US Constitution?

  • twenty seven (27)

8. Why is the Declaration of Independence important?

  • she says America is free of British control
  • it says that all people are created equal
  • it defines inalienable rights
  • it defines individual freedom

9. What founding document states that the American colonies were free of Britain?

  • Declaration of Independence

10. Name TWO important ideas from the Declaration of Independence and the US Constitution.

  • equality
  • freedom
  • social contract
  • natural rights
  • limited government
  • self management

11. Which founding document contains the words “Life, freedom and the pursuit of happiness”?

  • Declaration of Independence

12. What is the US economic system?

  • capitalism
  • free market economy

13. What is the rule of law?

  • everyone must obey the law
  • leaders must obey the law
  • government must obey the law
  • no one is above the law

14. Many documents have influenced the US Constitution. Name ONE.

  • Declaration of Independence
  • Articles of Confederation
  • "Notes of the Federalist"
  • Anti-federalist documents
  • Virginia Declaration of Rights
  • Basic orders of Connecticut
  • Mayflower Agreement
  • The great law of the world from the Iroquois

15. There are three branches of government. What for?

  • so that one branch does not become too strong
  • checks and balances
  • separation of powers

B: System of government

16. Name THREE branches of government.

  • legislative, executive and judicial
  • congress, president and courts

17. Which branch of government is the President of the United States responsible for?

  • executive power

18. What part of the federal government writes laws?

  • Congress
  • legislature (US or national)
  • legislative branch

19. What are the TWO parts of the US Congress?

  • Senate and House of Representatives

20. Name ONE mandate of the US Congress.

  • write laws
  • declare the war
  • form the federal budget

21. How many senators are there in the US?

  • one hundred (100)

22. What is the term of office of a US Senator?

  • six (6) years

23. Who is currently ONE of the US Senators from your state?

  • Answers will vary
  • DC residents and US residents must respond that there are no US Senators in the District of Columbia (or the applicant's territory)

24. How many voting members are in the House of Representatives?

  • four hundred thirty five (435)

25. What is the term of office of a member of the House of Representatives?

  • two (2) years

26. Why is the term of office of US representatives shorter than that of US senators?

  • to follow public opinion more closely

27. How many senators are there in each state?

  • two (2)

28. Why are there two senators in each state?

  • equal representation (for small states)
  • The Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise)

29. Name your US representative

  • answers will vary
  • Residents of territories with non-voting delegates or permanent commissioners may indicate the name of that delegate or commissioner. Any statement that the territory has no (voting) representatives in Congress is also acceptable.

30. What is the name of the current Speaker of the House of Representatives?

  • visit this page USCISto find out the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives.

31. Who does the US Senator represent?

  • citizens of their state

32. Who elects US Senators?

  • citizens of their state

33. Who does the member of the House of Representatives represent?

  • citizens of their (electoral) district
  • citizens of their area

34. Who elects the members of the House of Representatives?

  • citizens of their (electoral) district

35. Some states have more representatives than others. What for?

  • because of the state population
  • because there are more people in them
  • because some states have more people

36. For how long is the President of the United States elected?

  • four (4) years

37. The President of the United States can only be elected for two terms. Why?

  • due to the 22nd amendment
  • so that the president's power does not become too strong

38. What is the name of the current President of the United States?

  • visit this USCIS pageto find out the name of the President of the United States.

39. What is the name of the current Vice President of the United States?

40. If the president can no longer serve, who will become the president?

  • Vice President (USA)

41. Name ONE authority of the president.

  • sign bills that become laws
  • veto bills
  • enforce laws
  • be the commander in chief of the armed forces
  • be the chief diplomat

42. Who is the Commander-in-Chief of the US Armed Forces?

  • President of the United States

43. Who signs bills that become laws?

  • President of the United States

44. Who vetoes bills?

  • President of the United States

45. Who appoints federal judges?

  • President of the United States

46. ​​The executive branch consists of many parts. Name ONE.

  • President of the United States
  • Administration of the President
  • federal departments and agencies

47. What does the presidential administration do?

  • advises the President of the United States

48. Name TWO departmental positions

  • head of the Department of Agriculture
  • head of the Department of Commerce
  • head of the Department of Defense
  • Head of the Department of Education
  • Head of Energy Department
  • Head of Department of Health and Human Services
  • head of the Department of Homeland Security
  • Head of Housing and Urban Development Department
  • head of the Department of the Interior
  • head of the Department of Labor
  • Secretary of State
  • Head of the Department of Transport
  • secretary of the treasury
  • secretary for veterans affairs
  • attorney general
  • vice president

49. Why is the Electoral College important?

  • she decides who will be elected president
  • it provides a compromise between the popular election of the President and the election of Congress

50. Name ONE branch of the judiciary

  • Supreme Court
  • federal courts

51. What does the judiciary do?

  • considers laws
  • explains laws
  • resolves disputes (disagreements)
  • decides if a law is contrary to the Constitution

52. What is the highest court in the United States?

  • Supreme Court

53. How many seats are in the Supreme Court?

  • nine (9)

54. How many justices of the Supreme Court are usually required to decide a case?

  • five (5)

55. How long do Supreme Court judges serve?

  • all life
  • life appointment
  • before retirement

56. Justices of the Supreme Court serve for life. What for?

  • To limit external (political) influence

57. Who is the current Chief Justice of the United States?

  • visit this USCIS pageto find out the name of the Chief Justice of the United States.

58. Name ONE power exclusively for the federal government.

  • money printing
  • mint
  • declare the war
  • build an army
  • conclude contracts
  • establish foreign policy

59. Name ONE state-only authority.

  • provide training and education
  • provide protection (police)
  • ensure safety (fire departments)
  • issue a driver's license
  • approve zoning and land use

60. What is the purpose of the 10th amendment?

  • it says that powers not granted to the federal government belong to states or people.

61. Who is the current governor of your state?

  • answers will vary
  • DC residents must respond that the District of Columbia has no governor

62. What is the capital of your state?

  • Answers will vary
  • DC residents must respond that the District of Columbia is neither a state nor a capital. Residents of US territories must name the capital of the territory

On the subject: Obtaining US citizenship: answers to the main questions

C: Rights and obligations

63. Four amendments have been made to the US Constitution regarding who can vote. Describe ONE of them.

  • citizens eighteen (18) years of age and older may vote
  • no poll tax is required to vote.
  • Any citizen can vote men and women can vote
  • male citizen of any race can vote

64. Who can vote in federal elections, run for federal office, and serve on juries in the United States?

  • граждане
  • citizens of the United States
  • US citizens

65. What are the THREE rights of every person living in the United States?

  • freedom of expression
  • freedom of speech
  • freedom of assembly
  • freedom of appeal to government
  • freedom of religion
  • right to bear arms

66. What do we show loyalty to when we take the Oath of Allegiance?

  • United States
  • flag

67. Name TWO promises that new citizens swear by the oath of allegiance.

  • give up loyalty to other countries
  • defend the US Constitution and laws
  • comply with US laws
  • serve in the US Army (if necessary)
  • serve the nation
  • be loyal to the United States

68. How can you become a citizen of the United States?

  • naturalize
  • get citizenship
  • born in the USA

69. What are TWO examples of civic engagement in the United States?

  • vote
  • promotion to administration
  • joining a political party
  • assistance in the election campaign
  • joining a civilian group
  • joining a community group
  • expressing one's opinion (on the matter) to an elected official
  • communication with elected officials
  • support or objection to a problem or policy
  • going to the newspaper

70. What is ONE way that Americans can serve their country?

  • vote
  • tax payment
  • obedience to the law
  • Military service
  • promotion to administration
  • work for local, state, or federal government

71. Why is it important to pay federal taxes?

  • it is required by law
  • all people pay to fund the federal government
  • it is required by the US Constitution (16th Amendment)
  • it is a civic duty

72. It is important that all men between the ages of 18 and 25 register for military registration (Selection Service). Give ONE reason why.

  • it is required by law
  • it is a civic duty
  • for conscription, if necessary

American History

A: Colonial period and independence

73. Colonists came to America for many reasons. Name ONE.

  • freedom
  • political freedom
  • religious freedom
  • economic opportunities
  • avoid pursuit

74. Who lived in America before the arrival of the Europeans?

  • American Indians
  • native Americans

75. What group of people was brought to America and sold into slavery?

  • Africans
  • people from Africa

76. What kind of war did the Americans fight to gain independence from Britain?

  • American revolution
  • American revolutionary war
  • War of American independence

77. State ONE reason why the Americans declared independence from Great Britain.

  • high taxes
  • taxation without representation
  • British soldiers stayed in American homes (boarding house, quartering)
  • they had no self-government
  • Boston massacre
  • Boston Tea Party (Tea Act)
  • Stamp act
  • Sugar law
  • Townshend Laws
  • Intolerable (coercive) laws

78. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

  • Thomas Jefferson

79. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?

  • July 4 1776 city

80. There were many important events in the American Revolution. Name ONE.

  • Battle of Bunker Hill
  • Declaration of Independence
  • "Washington Crossing Delaware" (Battle of Trenton)
  • Battle of Saratoga
  • Valley Forge (camp)
  • Siege of Yorktown (British surrender at Yorktown)

81. There were originally 13 states. Name FIVE of them.

  • New Hampshire
  • Massachusetts
  • Rhode Island
  • Connecticut
  • New York
  • New Jersey
  • Pennsylvania
  • Delaware
  • Maryland
  • Virginia
  • North Carolina
  • Южная Каролина
  • Georgia

82. What constituent document was written in 1787?

  • The US Constitution

83. The Federalist Notes supported the adoption of the US Constitution. Name ONE writer.

  • James Madison
  • Alexander Hamilton
  • John Jay
  • Publius

84. Why were the Federalist Notes important?

  • they helped people understand the US Constitution
  • they supported the adoption of the US Constitution

85. Benjamin Franklin is known for many accomplishments. Name ONE.

  • founded the first free public libraries
  • was the first postmaster general of the United States
  • helped write the Declaration of Independence
  • inventor
  • US diplomat

86. George Washington is famous for many achievements. Name ONE.

  • "Father of our country"
  • first president of the United States
  • General of the Continental Army
  • President of the Constitutional Assembly

87. Thomas Jefferson is known for many accomplishments. Name ONE.

  • author of the Declaration of Independence
  • third US president
  • increased the size of the United States (Louisiana Purchase)
  • first secretary of state
  • founded the University of Virginia
  • author of the Virginia Religious Freedom Statute

88. James Madison is famous for many accomplishments. Name ONE.

  • "Father of the Constitution"
  • fourth president of the United States
  • president during the war of 1812
  • one of the authors of the "Notes of the Federalist".

89. Alexander Hamilton is famous for many achievements. Name ONE.

  • first secretary of the treasury
  • one of the authors of "Notes of the Federalist"
  • helped found the First Bank of the United States
  • Assistant to General George Washington
  • Member of the Continental Congress

In: 1800s

90. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?

  • Louisiana territory
  • Louisiana

91. Name ONE war fought by the United States in the 1800s.

  • 1812 war of the year
  • mexico-american war
  • Civil War
  • Spanish-American War

92. Name the US war between North and South.

  • Civil war

93. There were many important events in the Civil War. Name ONE.

  • Battle of Fort Sumter
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Battle of Vicksburg
  • Battle of Gettysburg
  • Sherman's March
  • Battle of Appomattox
  • Battle of Antietham / Sharpsburg
  • Lincoln's murder

94. Abraham Lincoln is known for many accomplishments. Name ONE.

  • freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
  • saved (or saved) the Union
  • led the United States during the Civil War
  • was the 16th President of the United States
  • delivered the Gettysburg Address

95. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?

  • freed slaves
  • freed slaves in the Confederacy
  • freed slaves in the states of the Confederation
  • freed slaves in most southern states

96. What US war ended slavery?

  • Civil war

97. What amendment gives citizenship to all persons born in the United States?

  • 14th amendment

98. When did all men get the right to vote?

  • after the civil war
  • during the Reconstruction
  • 15th amendment
  • in 1870 city

99. Name ONE leader of the women's rights movement in the 1800s.

  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Sojourner Trout
  • Harriet Tubman
  • Lucrezia Mott
  • Lucy Stone

On the subject: What rights and privileges does dual citizenship of the United States and Russia give

C: Recent History of America and Other Important Historical Information

100. Name ONE war fought by the United States in the 1900s.

  • World War I
  • The Second World War
  • Korean War
  • The Vietnam war
  • Gulf war

101. Why did the United States enter World War I?

  • because Germany attacked American civilian ships
  • to support the allied powers (England, France, Italy and Russia)
  • to oppose the countries of the "axis", or Hitler's coalition (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria)

102. When did all women get the right to vote?

  • in 1920 city
  • after the first world war
  • 19th amendment

103. What is the Great Depression?

  • Longest economic downturn in modern history

104. What was the beginning of the Great Depression?

  • Stock market crash of 1929
  • The 1929 stock market crash

105. Who was the President during the Great Depression and World War II?

  • Franklin Roosevelt

106. Why did the United States enter World War II?

  • the bombing of Pearl Harbor
  • the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor
  • to support the allied powers (England, France and Russia)
  • to oppose the countries of the "axis", or Hitler's coalition (Germany, Italy and Japan)

107. Dwight D. Eisenhower is known for many accomplishments. Name ONE.

  • was a general during World War II
  • was president at the end (during) the Korean War
  • was the 34th President of the United States
  • signed the 1956 Federal Highway Act (created the interstate highway system).

108. Who was the main US rival during the Cold War?

  • Soviet Union
  • the USSR
  • Russia

109. During the Cold War, what was ONE major problem for the United States?

  • communism
  • nuclear war

110. Why did the United States enter the Korean War?

  • to stop the spread of communism

111. Why did the United States go to war in Vietnam?

  • to stop the spread of communism

112. What did the civil rights movement do?

  • fighting to end racial discrimination

113. Martin Luther King Jr. is known for many accomplishments. Name ONE.

  • fought for civil rights
  • advocated equality for all Americans
  • worked to ensure that people were "judged not by the color of their skin, but by their personality"

114. Why did the United States enter the Gulf War?

  • to push the Iraqi military out of Kuwait

115. What was the main event on September 11, 2001 in the United States?

  • terrorists attacked the USA
  • terrorists hijacked two planes and sent them to the World Trade Center in New York
  • terrorists hijack a plane and crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia
  • terrorists hijack a plane originally aimed at Washington D.C. and crashed in a Pennsylvania field

116. Name ONE military conflict in the United States after the September 11, 2001 attacks.

  • world war on terror
  • war in Afghanistan
  • Iraq war

117. Name ONE American Indian tribe in the United States.

  • Apache (Apache)
  • Blackfeet
  • Cayuga
  • Cherokee
  • Cheyenne
  • Chippewa
  • Choctaw
  • Creek
  • Choctaw
  • Hopi
  • Huron
  • Inupiat
  • Lakota
  • Iroquois (Iroquois)
  • Mohegan
  • Navajo
  • Oneida
  • Onondaga
  • Pueblo
  • Seminole
  • Seneca
  • Shawnee
  • Sioux
  • Teton
  • Tuscarora

118. Name ONE example of American innovation.

  • lightbulb
  • car (passenger cars, internal combustion engines)
  • skyscrapers
  • aircraft
  • conveyor
  • moon landing
  • integrated circuit (IC)

Symbols and Holidays

A: symbols

119. Name the capital of the United States.

  • Washington

120. Where is the Statue of Liberty?

  • New York
  • Liberty Island
  • Answers from New Jersey, near New York and on the Hudson River are also acceptable.

121. Why are there 13 stripes on the flag?

  • because there were 13 original colonies
  • since the stripes represent the original colonies

122. Why are there 50 stars on the flag?

  • because there is one star for each state
  • because each star represents a state
  • because there are 50 states

123. What is the name of the national anthem?

  • The Star-Spangled Banner

124. The first motto of the nation was "E Pluribus Unum". What does it mean?

  • "Out of many - one"
  • “We have all become one”

B: Holidays

125. What is Independence Day?

  • holiday in honor of the independence of the United States (from the UK)
  • country birthday

126. Name THREE US national holidays.

  • New Year
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Day
  • Presidents Day
  • Day of Remembrance
  • Independence Day
  • Labor Day
  • Columbus Day
  • Veterans Day
  • Thanksgiving
  • Christmas

127. What is Memorial Day?

  • holiday in honor of soldiers who died in military service

128. What is Veterans Day?

  • holiday in honor of the US military
  • a holiday in honor of people who served in the US Army.

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