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Do you want to live longer? Give up these drinks

Get ready, lovers of sweet and diet carbonated drinks! Perhaps this article will make you think about giving up your favorite soda.

Фото: Depositphotos

A new study, which involved more than 450 000 people from 10 European countries over 19 years, showed that those who drank two or more glasses of any kind of soda per day had a higher risk of dying from any cause of death than people who drank less glasses every month. None of them had cancer, diabetes, heart disease, or stroke before participating in the experiment.

A study published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine found that men and women who drank two or more glasses a day of sugary soft drinks had a higher risk of dying from digestive upsets, while those who drank the same amount of diet drinks were at a higher risk of dying from cardiovascular disease.

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“The association with digestive system diseases is interesting in the study,” said Dr. Sharon Horesh Bergquist, assistant professor of medicine Emory University School in Atlanta, Georgia.

“Experimental evidence suggests that high sugar intake can break the intestinal barrier. This will lead to increased intestinal permeabilitywill cause intestinal inflammation, alter intestinal microbiota and increase susceptibility to intestinal infections, she said. “These effects may increase susceptibility to digestive diseases.”

The total consumption of soft drinks in the study was also associated with an increased risk of Parkinson's disease, but not with Alzheimer's disease or cancer.

Soft drinks were defined as “low-calorie or diet carbonated soft drinks,” “carbonated soft drinks,” such as cola and lemonade, and “fruit tinctures or liquors,” which are concentrated soft syrups, usually mixed with sugar and water. In this study, one glass of soft drink was 8 ounces of liquid, or 250 milliliters; A typical soda can around the world holds 12 ounces of liquid or 355 milliliters.

Фото: Depositphotos

In February, the American Association of Cardiology released a study that found that drinking two or more artificially sweetened drinks per day is associated with an increased risk of strokes, heart attacks, and early death in women older than 50 years old.

Previous studies have shown an association between diet drinks and stroke, dementia, 2 type diabetes, obesity, and metabolic syndrome, which can lead to heart disease and diabetes.

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In March, a study published in the journal Circulation used data from 80 500 women included in this study of nursing health, and almost 40 000 men who participated in the study of healthcare providers. It turned out that women who drank more than two servings of sweet drinks per day, defined as a standard goblet, bottle or can, had an 63% increased risk of premature death compared to women who drank them less than once a month. Men who did the same had an 29% increase in risk.

It has been found that replacing one sweet drink daily with an artificially sweetened one reduces the risk of premature death, but drinking four or more artificially sweetened drinks increases the risk of premature death from cardiovascular disease in women.

While the above studies did not show a relationship between soft drinks and cancer, another study published in BMJ in July confirmed this. The study involved more than 100 000 French adults, and it turned out that drinking just a small glass of sweet drink per day 100 ml, about a third of a regular can of soda increased to 18% the overall risk of developing cancer and to 22% the risk of breast cancer.

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This and other studies on the relationship between diet, sugary drinks, and health risks are observational and cannot prove a causal relationship. Scientists say that such studies have a serious limitation, since it is impossible to determine whether the health problems of the subjects are associated with a specific artificial sweetener, type of drink, obesity, or other hidden health problems.

Фото: Depositphotos

"The reason for these associations is unclear, said Bergquist. “Other potential biological causes may be related to experimental data linking the intake of artificial sweeteners with sugar addiction, appetite stimulation, and glucose intolerance.”

If you still decide to stop drinking soft drinks, we offer some tips on how to do this with the least mental anguish.

Cut back gradually

“Cut back one serving a day until you completely give up soft drinks.” said nutritionist and CNN member Lisa Dreyer.

“It can help you cut costs.” she added. “In the end, you can replace soft drinks with seltzer or soda water if you really want carbonation.”

Find a soda counterpart

Speaking of carbonation, for many people the solution to the problem fizzy drinks. Find sparkling seltzer water or mix fruit juice with sparkling water. “You will not go wrong with blueberry or pomegranate juice,” said nutritionist Rahaf Al Bochi. One caveat: try to drink your sparkling with food, and not in isolation. Any sparkling water can destroy the enamel on your teeth. This is because carbon dioxide, which turns water into bubbles, becomes carbon dioxide in your mouth, which can damage your teeth.

Eat natural sweets

Satisfy your passion for sugar by replacing unhealthy sweets with natural sweet foods, like fruits and dates, which contain “healthy vitamins, minerals, and biologically active chemicals called phytonutrients.”

"Eating dried fruits leads to a slow rather than sharp increase in blood sugar." said Dr. Bergquist.

She also suggests giving up sugar for two weeks.

“Our taste buds are updated every two weeks.” she said. “This means that if you can overcome the intense craving for sugar in the first two weeks, your taste buds will adapt to natural products.”

Change habits

We depend on routine and rituals. Just like when a person may want to smoke (for example, after eating). Find out what your usual trigger is and try to replace it. Bored at the table? Call a friend before you get to the soda.

Consume tea

Try replacing caffeinated carbonated drinks with green or black tea, says nutritionist Al Bochi.

“You’ll get the desired amount of caffeine without added sugar, and also get a good dose of antioxidants.” she added.

“Herbal teas, say, hibiscus, passion fruit, berries, peppermint, are tasty and pleasant without adding sugar or calories”, says nutritionist Dreyer.

Drink more water

Take a bottle of water with you or place a jug of ice water near the table. If it is readily available to you, you are more likely to drink water than a sweet drink. If you don’t like plain water, Dreyer suggested adding some flavor notes:

“Try pouring water over fruit you can buy a jug, fill it with water, and then add slices of oranges, lemons, strawberries, watermelon or any other fruits that you like, so that the water fills with a fruity taste and becomes sweeter, ”she said.

Sometimes allow yourself sugary drinks

And finally, from time to time, allow yourself your favorite drinks.

“Remember that eating a sweet drink occasionally will not have negative health effects,” said Al Bochi. “Allow yourself to enjoy all the drinks, remembering how it fits into your overall healthy diet — that's the key to a healthy relationship with food.”

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