The article has been automatically translated into English by Google Translate from Russian and has not been edited.
Переклад цього матеріалу українською мовою з російської було автоматично здійснено сервісом Google Translate, без подальшого редагування тексту.
Bu məqalə Google Translate servisi vasitəsi ilə avtomatik olaraq rus dilindən azərbaycan dilinə tərcümə olunmuşdur. Bundan sonra mətn redaktə edilməmişdir.

Americans massively vote early: why their ballots may not be taken into account

US citizens actively vote by mail and other early voting methods. For example, in Florida, almost 70% of the total number of people who came to the polls in 2016 already used their right to vote, says "Voice of America".

Photo: Shutterstock

On the first day of the opening of early voting in Florida, there are long lines at polling stations. The Sunshine State is one of the key states in these elections, since it is fluctuating, that is, the local population does not consistently support one or another party and changes preferences from election to election. Therefore, the victory of the Republicans or Democrats here can be decisive for the outcome of the elections, since the state has many votes in the electoral college - 29.

According to think tanks, Democratic candidate Joe Biden still has a slight advantage over Republican candidate, incumbent US President Donald Trump. Political analyst Jeremy Geddert says Biden has consistently outpaced Trump over the past six months. The advantage ranges from 2% to 6%.

The intensity of this year's election seems to be forcing people in Florida to vote early in record numbers.

“I've been living in Miami Beach for 25 years, my husband and I moved here from New York,” says resident Joe Manin. - And these are the most important choices in my life. I am 80, my husband is 82. This is very important and we wanted to come here on the first day. I'm glad there are so many people here. ”

“I think early voting is good,” says Miami resident Ariel Fursley. “In this way, we can reduce the number of people at polling stations on election day. Secondly, it is convenient. Everyone can find the time and come to vote. ”

Experts predict an extremely high turnout this year and long queues in front of polling stations. During early voting, your choice done already 75 million US citizens.

Moreover, if you decide to vote by mail, and not early at the polling station, this is fraught with two major risks, because of which your vote may not be taken into account.

Risk # 1 - signature verification

Experts believe that verification of voter signatures could make it difficult to count the bulk of ballots sent by mail, reports ABC News.

“In the days following the election, there will be a problem with signature verification in many states,” said Tammy Patrick, senior adviser to the Democracy Foundation, a non-partisan constituency advocacy group.

Postal ballots in each state must arrive with the voter's signature on the envelope - this is an important prerequisite for vote counting. Dozens of states are analyzing these signatures to make sure they match a real voter in the database.

Trained staff on election commissions manually check each signature on the envelope, visually compare it with the electronic version of the signature of the voter associated with the driver's license or other official document.

“If the signature does not match, then we notify the voter to verify it,” said Alice Miller, executive director of the DC Board of Elections. - The voter can fix it. We send him a special document, which he must sign and send back. "

According to the Brennan Center, a non-partisan institution of law and politics, 22 states notify voters and give them the opportunity to correct defects in signatures on ballots even days after the election. But 28 states, including important Michigan and Wisconsin, do not, which puts their vote count at risk.

“Every vote counts. We need to make sure that every eligible American voted and got the vote, even if he didn't cross out the t or dot the i, ”says Patrick.

An analysis of the last two electoral cycles by ABC News found that more than 750 mailed ballots were rejected nationwide - many for lack of a valid signature or delay. During this year's primaries, more than 000 ballots were rejected for the same reasons.

“The ballots of people with no mail-ballot experience are more likely to be rejected,” said Michael Herron, professor of public administration at Dartmouth College. "This is a pretty big blow, and it's important now because a lot of people are new to voting by mail."

On the subject: US presidential election: what candidates promise immigrants

The researchers say signature mistakes are often made by young people voting for the first time, as well as by minority voters. Such a mistake is rarely an attempt to cheat.

“Unfortunately, we found that signatures can differ for various reasons: age, health problems (such as handwriting after a stroke), someone may just be in a rush,” said Kristen Clarke, executive director of the Legal Committee on Civil Cases. "Therefore, we urge officials to notify voters and provide an opportunity to solve the problem."

Although some states have detailed instructions for matching signatures, while others do not. And this makes some experts fear that a subjective analysis of a voter's handwriting could unfairly jeopardize their vote.

“The staff is not trained enough, they don't have enough resources, and they will be under tremendous pressure to deliver results as quickly as possible. Thousands or millions of signatures in the state go through them, ”said Raul Macias, attorney for the Brennan Center. "When verifying signatures very quickly, errors can occur."

 

On the subject: How the votes in the US elections are considered, and why the results cannot be falsified

Risk # 2 - deadlines for accepting ballots

The much talked about delays in the mail service now could lead to the fact that the votes of some voters will not be counted due to the late delivery of their envelopes with ballots. The deadlines by which the ballot must be received by the election commission in different states, leads the publication Business Insider... In some regions, they start from the date of the postage stamp on the envelope, in others - from the actual date of receipt of the bulletin by the commission.

Idaho: the newsletter must be received by November 3rd

Iowa: postage stamp on the envelope - delivered no later than November 2

Alabama: Bulletin received by November 2

Alaska: postage stamp no later than November 3

Arizona: Bulletin received by November 3

Arkansas: Bulletin received by November 3

Wyoming: Bulletin received by November 3

Washington: postage stamp no later than November 3

Vermont: Bulletin received by November 2

Virginia: postage stamp until November 3

Wisconsin: Bulletin received by November 3

Delaware: Bulletin received by November 3

Georgia: Bulletin received by November 3

Hawaii: Bulletin received by November 3

West Virginia: postage stamp until November 3

California: postage stamp until November 3

Colorado: Bulletin received by November 3

Connecticut: Bulletin received by November 3

Illinois: postage stamp until November 3

Indiana: bulletin received before noon November 3

Kansas: postage stamp until November 3

Kentucky: postage stamp until November 3

Louisiana: Bulletin received by November 2

Maine: Bulletin received by November 3

Maryland: postage stamp until November 3

Massachusetts: postage stamp until November 3

Michigan: Bulletin received by November 3

Minnesota: postage stamp until November 3

Mississippi: postage stamp until November 3

Missouri: Bulletin received by November 3

Montana: Bulletin received by November 3

Nebraska: Bulletin received by November 3

Nevada: postage stamp until November 3

New Hampshire: bulletin received by 17:00 on November 3

New Jersey: postage stamp until November 3

New Mexico: Bulletin received by November 3

New York: postage stamp until November 3

North Carolina: the bulletin was received by 17:00 on November 12 (the new deadline was established by a court decision in October 2020)

North Dakota: postage stamp until November 2

Ohio: postage stamp until November 2

Oklahoma: Bulletin received by November 3

Columbia region: postage stamp until November 3

Oregon: Bulletin received by November 3

Pennsylvania: postage stamp until November 3

Rhode Island: Bulletin received by November 3

Tennessee: Bulletin received by November 3

Texas: postage stamp until November 3

Florida: Bulletin received by November 3

South Dakota: Bulletin received by November 3

South Carolina: Bulletin received by November 3

Utah: postage stamp until November 2.

Miscellaneous In the U.S. U.S. election early voting Special Projects

Read also on ForumDaily:

Biden side ratings: what Trump needs to do to win the election again

Round two postponed again: how long are the 'coronavirus' benefits valid

'It's time to find out the truth': hackers hacked the website of Trump's campaign headquarters

In Portland, homeowners will pay to move for tenants unable to pay rent

Do you want more important and interesting news about life in the USA and immigration to America? Subscribe to our page in Facebook. Choose the "Display Priority" option and read us first. And don't forget to subscribe to ForumDaily Woman and ForumDaily New York - there you will find a lot of interesting and positive information. 



 
1064 requests in 3,472 seconds.