An eye placed in a triangle is an image everyone knows for sure. Conspiracy theories around the world are built around him. What is so attractive about him for conspiracy theorists, said the publication with the BBC.
All mysterious symbols and secret signs have always interested conspiracy theorists and signed their ideas. The all-seeing eye is one such symbol. He is associated with both the Freemasons and the Illuminati, members of a secret society that supposedly controls the world order.
The All-Seeing Eye sign is attractive to conspiracy theorists of all stripes also because it seems to be everywhere - on countless churches around the world, on Masonic lodge buildings, on the one-dollar American banknote, as well as on the Great Seal, the state seal of the United States.
The choice of this particular symbol looks rather strange and difficult to explain. Some people associate the Eye with a certain Big Brother who sees everything that is happening around.
And the combination of an eye and a pyramid is reminiscent of an ancient esoteric cult.
Where did this inexplicable symbol come from and why does it still excite the minds of the whole world? Is it true that he is associated with some secret order that controls the entire planet?
Even in early Christian times, the All-Seeing Eye symbolized God, and the triangle symbolized the Holy Trinity.
During the Renaissance, artists used this symbol. One such example is Jacopo Pontormo's Supper at Emmaus (1525). It is believed that the Eye was later added to the original work to disguise the three-faced Trinity symbol forbidden by the Counter-Reformation.
In the Iconologia edition of the collection of spiritual symbols, first published in 1593, the All-Seeing Eye was included as the personification of the "Providence of God", that is, the favor of God towards people, the compassionate divine vigilance that looks at humanity.
Based on the past
It is impossible to say with complete certainty who invented the All-Seeing Eye. But one thing is clear - this was done on the basis of pre-existing religious motives.
The triangle is an ancient symbol of the Christian Holy Trinity: Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Previously, even God was depicted with a triangular halo over his head.
So why is the Eye depicted completely without a body? God was previously depicted in various ways, including in the form of a hand outstretched from a cloud. But an eye without a body?
It is worth noting that the eye has an effect and makes a strong impression. He kind of demonstrates power, but at the same time, sympathetic observation.
Even in some animals in nature, in the course of evolution, images of a large eye appeared on their bodies, helping them scare off predators.
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Surrealist photographer Rene Magritte used the inexplicable, supernatural appeal of the bodyless eye in his painting False Mirror (1928). The oil painting depicts the human eye framed by a cloudy blue sky. In place of the iris of the eye - clouds.
But the story of the Eye goes much deeper. Three millennia BC, the ancient Sumerians, with whom the rise of civilization is traditionally associated, conveyed the degree of sacredness of the sculptures of deities with their abnormally huge eyes - to heighten the feeling of reverent vigil in their presence.
There is also a theory that an eye without a body was "created" by the ancient Egyptians, who painted two eyes on the tomb so that the deceased could see everything even after his death.
One of the most famous ancient Egyptian symbols is the eye of Horus (or the eye of Horus, the left hawk eye of the god Horus, injured in a fight with the god Set). The eye was healed by the god Thoth. Later, the pharaohs wore an amulet in the form of an eye, which was supposed to perform a protective function.
This eye and other Egyptian hieroglyphs depicting human eyes also influenced European iconography during the Renaissance. At that time, scholars and artists fell under the spell of Egyptian writing. The problem, however, was that they did not quite understand it, and the translations usually had many inaccuracies.
For example, in the mystical novel "Hypnerotomachia of Polyphilus" (1499), the Egyptian image of the eye was translated as "God".
Lost in Translation
Due to the fundamental misunderstanding of the use of hieroglyphs, various incidents occur. Now it is already known that hieroglyphs are just a written display of phonetics, but in the XV-XVI centuries it was believed that they had some kind of mystical meaning.
Hieroglyphic representations of animals, birds and abstract figures were considered mysterious, and the meaning of each was comprehended through inspiration. Hieroglyphs, they thought then, are riddles with many variants of meaning.
This approach greatly influenced European art, including the perception of the All-Seeing Eye, which was now deliberately given an esoteric meaning that did not exist.
At the end of the XNUMXth century, the symbolism of the Eye expanded to include things and concepts to which before that it did not belong at all.
First example. In post-revolutionary France, the writer, illustrator and painter of French history Jean-Jacques-François le Barbier placed the All-Seeing Eye at the top of the image of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen, and in this case, the disembodied, attentive eye personified the paternal prudence overseeing a nation that had gained equality.
Example two. Jeremy (Jeremiah) Bentham (1748 - 1832), an English philosopher and jurist, designed the ideal, from his point of view, prison "Panopticon" (from the Greek "everything is visible"), the symbol of which was the All-Seeing Eye.
The Ideal Prison allowed for XNUMX/XNUMX surveillance of every inmate who did not know when he was being watched and when not.
Now the disembodied eye symbolized the unblinking gaze of the incorruptible law - in the images it was surrounded by the words “mercy”, “justice” and “vigilance”.
Example three. A few years before Bentham Prison, in 1782, the Great Seal of the United States of America was introduced, a state emblem used to authenticate documents issued by the US government.
Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, and John Adams suggested options for how it should look, but the idea of Charles Thomson, Secretary of the Continental Congress (at which the Declaration of Independence was adopted), came to life: the pyramid with the All-Seeing Eye at the top became one from print elements. To realize this idea, Thomson collaborated with a young lawyer and artist, William Burton.
The unfinished pyramid was intended to symbolize "power and length in time", and its 13 steps - 13 states that were then part of the United States. The eye was a symbol of God looking after the young nation with compassion.
And, as you can see, in no case did the Freemasons influence and did not play a role in the choice of this symbol. But how then did the Illuminati, maybe they intervened?
Little is known about the Order of the Bavarian Illuminati. It is a German secret society of the 1th century, founded on May 1776, 1787 and disbanded in XNUMX.
It is true that the Illuminati were inspired by the ideas of the Freemasons. Freemasons used the All-Seeing Eye from time to time as a symbol of the Great Architect of the Universe - as, indeed, many churches of that time.
However, the Freemasons tried not to widely use the image of the Eye until the end of the XNUMXth century - and by that time, Le Barbier, Bentham, Thomson and Barton had already adapted it for their own purposes.
Unfortunately for conspiracy theorists, the All-Seeing Eye on the dollar bill says more about the aesthetics of the late XNUMXth century than about the power of the secret elites.
In our time, Madonna, Jay-Z and Kanye West have been convicted of using the Illuminati symbolism more than once - including the exploitation of the image of the disembodied eye.
But if this betrays anything, it is not the connection of this or that performer with the secret society of the ruling world, but his ability to use catchy visual means.
The ongoing exploitation of the All-Seeing Eye image is not evidence of an insidious conspiracy to subjugate the world, but a clear confirmation of the Eye's enduring splendor as a model for logo design.