The article has been automatically translated into English by Google Translate from Russian and has not been edited.

The first meeting of Putin and Zelensky was held in Paris: what was agreed

On December 9, a summit of leaders of Norman-format countries is taking place in Paris. The meeting is attended by Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky, Russian President Vladimir Putin, French leader Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel. Around 21: 00 local time (15: 00 New York), the first meeting between Putin and Zelensky ended.

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In Paris today, for the first time since the 2016 of the year, a summit is held in the "Norman format", writes "Kommersant". The parties behind closed doors discussed the conflict in eastern Ukraine and the implementation of the Minsk agreements, the meeting lasted more than two hours. Then the first bilateral talks between Presidents Putin and Zelensky took place; they lasted about an hour and a half.

Putin and Zelensky shook hands before the start of negotiations, said Russian presidential spokesman Dmitry Peskov. The protocol set aside about 45 minutes for the meeting of the presidents, however, according to Putin’s aide, Yuri Ushakov, the conversation is not limited in time.

According to Russian news agencies, from the Russian side, Alexander Novak, Alexey Miller, Vladislav Surkov, Yuri Ushakov, Sergey Lavrov and Dmitry Peskov participated in the meeting. Vladimir Putin and Vladimir Zelensky discussed a joint declaration, the press service of the Champs Elysees told reporters: “Yes, discussions are on a joint declaration.”

After negotiations with delegations, Presidents Putin and Zelensky held face-to-face talks that lasted less than half an hour.

After a bilateral meeting between Putin and Zelensky, negotiations began in a quadripartite format at dinner, after which a joint press conference was held.

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To a question about how his meeting with Zelensky went, Putin answered: "Good, businesslike."

“The bilateral meeting of the President of Ukraine Vladimir Zelensky and the President of Russia Vladimir Putin in the“ Norman format ”in Paris has ended,” wrote Zelensky’s spokeswoman Yulia Mendel.

Photo: Twitter screenshot

Following the press conference

Participants in the “Norman” format agreed to stick to Steinmeier’s formula, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said at a press conference in Paris following a meeting RIA News.

“We have achieved what we have been talking about here in Paris for many years, namely the implementation of the Steinmeier formula. This happened thanks to the courage of Ukraine, because it is Steinmeier’s formula, it’s very interesting ... It’s about the sequence in which we implement different measures, ”Merkel said.

She added that specifically it was a “supplement to the Minsk agreement”, in particular, the temporary granting of special status to Donbass during the local elections, and after evaluating these elections the OSCE will be able to introduce special status on an ongoing basis.

“This was now accepted by Ukraine and agreed with Russia, it was a big breakthrough,” said the Chancellor.

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Breeding, exchange, ceasefire

The communiqué following the meeting said that the parties reached an agreement on the exchange of prisoners in the format of "all for all." Such an exchange, the document says, should take place this year - until December 31, writes Air force.

In addition, the parties managed to agree on a ceasefire and a partial separation of forces in the Donbass.

The Ukrainian media, citing sources in the Ukrainian delegation, said that Vladimir Putin proposed to disperse forces along the entire contact line, but Kiev did not go for it.

However, as the text of the communiqué indicates, the parties agreed on three new breeding sites. Which ones are not specified. As of the moment, the separation of forces has already occurred in three areas in the Donbass - Stanitsa Lugansk, Zolotoy and in the Petrovsky area.

The separation of forces in the new areas should take place before the end of March next year.

The parties also agreed to support the creation of new checkpoints along the demarcation line and stated that they “consider it necessary to incorporate” Steinmeier’s formula “into Ukrainian law”.

The next summit, the leaders of Ukraine, Russia, France and Germany agreed to hold in four months.

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“This is not enough for me”

“There are many issues that we were not able to solve today. I am sure that we will definitely do it in the future, ”Vladimir Zelensky said following the meeting.

He also noted that Ukraine would never make some concessions in the negotiations - in particular, he declared the impossibility of federalization and the impossibility of tearing away Ukrainian territories.

“We all know that for every Ukrainian, both Crimea and Donbass are Ukraine,” Zelensky added.

“Many topics were discussed today ... The result for the first meeting - this is not enough for me, I want to solve more problems. But we discussed all these issues, they are on the agenda. ”

Among the issues that could not be agreed upon are border control.

“The President of Russia and I have different views on the transfer of borders, on when it is possible,” Zelensky said.

According to him, Vladimir Putin believes that control of the Ukrainian government should be transferred after the elections in the Donbass.

“I raise the question that the transfer of the border should be before the election. So far we have different views. But we must find a way out in these matters. ”

Interlocutor "Ukrainian truth"From the Ukrainian delegation told the publication the following:" Regarding the border, they went with hostility and did not agree. " According to the interlocutor, Putin insisted that elections should be held in uncontrolled territories, and only then Ukraine will be able to control the border. Vladimir Zelensky did not agree with such a proposal.

Vladimir Putin, in turn, commenting on the results of the negotiations, said that he was satisfied with them, because progress was achieved in many issues: "The process is moving in the right direction."

Putin said, in particular, that there is “warming” on the issue of resolving the conflict in the Donbass, and stated that direct negotiations between Kiev and representatives of the so-called “LPR” and “DPR” are necessary.

“It is very important that the parties to the conflict engage in direct dialogue. Not a single conflict in the world was resolved without direct dialogue, ”Putin said.

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What is the essence of the Steinmeier formula

In September of the 2016 of the year, foreign ministers of Germany, Frank-Walter Steinmeier and France, Jean-Marc Herault visited Kiev Air force.

Prior to these negotiations, Europe supported the position of Ukraine and President Poroshenko that the implementation of the political block of agreements, that is, the holding of local elections in uncontrolled territories, as well as the consolidation of the special status of Donbass, is possible only after the implementation of the Minsk agreements on security. The main ones are: the withdrawal of troops from the self-proclaimed "republics", the establishment of OSCE control over the Ukrainian-Russian border, the release of all hostages.

In Kiev, Steinmeier, with the support of a French colleague, proposed a compromise, in their opinion, plan. The block of Minsk agreements in the field of security should be carried out simultaneously with the political one, explaining this by the need to move the Minsk process from a dead center.

It is important that these proposals were not fixed on paper, but were only proposed for discussion by the parties to the conflict.

In the Minsk documents, the holding of local elections in the territory of the ORDO is the penultimate, 12 point of the plan for resolving the crisis after a number of other steps, among which are an “immediate and comprehensive ceasefire”, withdrawal of troops from the demarcation line, withdrawal of foreign military forces, establishment of OSCE control over the border.

The proposed “formula” provides for a fundamentally different mechanism. First - local elections in accordance with the Constitution of Ukraine, temporary, and after confirmation of the democratic elections by the OSCE - the permanent entry into force of the law on the peculiarities of local self-government in certain regions of Donetsk and Lugansk regions.

And simultaneously with the implementation of this law - the withdrawal of troops and the establishment of control of Ukraine over the eastern border.

According to RIA News, the first meeting of the leaders of Russia, France, Germany and Ukraine took place on 6 on June 2014, later this format was called "Norman". The most important meeting of the Quartet is considered the summit in Minsk in February 2015, where the Minsk agreements were fixed.

Miscellaneous Владимир Путин Norman Four At home Vladimir Zelensky

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