The peace summit on Ukraine ended in Switzerland: more than 80 countries called for an end to the war - ForumDaily
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The peace summit on Ukraine ended in Switzerland: more than 80 countries called for an end to the war

A two-day summit in Switzerland dedicated to finding a way to end the war in Ukraine ended with some states refusing to affix their signature to a joint communiqué signed by more than 80 countries and international organizations, reports CNN.

Photo: IStock

India, Saudi Arabia, South Africa and the United Arab Emirates (BRICS countries with trade relations with Russia) attended the meeting but did not agree to sign the joint statement.

The document confirmed the commitment of the signatories to “refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, the principles of sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all states, including Ukraine, within their internationally recognized borders.”

As Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said at a press conference along with the leaders of the European Union, Ghana, Canada, Chile and Switzerland, “it is important that all participants in this summit support the territorial integrity of Ukraine, because without territorial integrity there will be no long-term peace.”

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More than 100 countries and organizations gathered at the quiet lake resort near Lucerne to discuss the 10-point peace plan that Zelensky first unveiled in late 2022. The plan includes demands for a cessation of hostilities, the restoration of Ukraine's territorial integrity, the withdrawal of Russian troops from Ukrainian territory and the restoration of Ukraine's pre-war borders with Russia - conditions that Russian President Vladimir Putin will likely never agree to.

High-profile participants included leaders from Argentina, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. US Vice President Kamala Harris was also present at the event and announced a $1,5 billion aid package to Ukraine for humanitarian expenses and the restoration of destroyed infrastructure.

“This high-ranking delegation demonstrates how deeply concerned the world is about the war provoked by Russian aggression,” said European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen.

However, even before the event began, the question of the possible outcome of the summit was repeatedly raised, given that neither Russia nor China, whose increasingly close trade relations with Moscow have helped the Kremlin survive Western sanctions, were present at the event.

A communiqué published on Sunday, June 16, said that several agreements were reached at the summit. Among them is permission for Ukraine to have its own nuclear power plants (including the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant occupied by Russia). The Kremlin was obliged to refrain from using or threatening to use nuclear weapons. The parties stated that all children and civilians illegally taken from Ukraine must be returned to the country.

On Friday, June 14, the day before the summit, Russian President Vladimir Putin again announced the Kremlin’s “peace plan.” He demanded the withdrawal of Ukrainian troops from four southern and eastern regions of Ukraine, which Moscow wants to annex in violation of international law. In addition, Putin’s “plan” implies Kyiv’s refusal to join NATO.

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While Russian troops have made some progress in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, they have failed to fully occupy the Zaporozhye and Kherson regions in recent months.

US national security adviser Jake Sullivan, who traveled to Switzerland with Harris, told reporters at the summit that Putin's plan was "contrary to basic morality."

“He [Putin] stated that Ukraine must not only give up territories currently occupied by Russia, but also leave additional sovereign territories of Ukraine before Russia begins negotiations. And Ukraine must disarm to be vulnerable to future Russian aggression. No responsible nation can consider this a reasonable basis for peace,” Sullivan said.

Read also on ForumDaily:

How the United States sees the end of the war between Russia and Ukraine: review of an interview with Victoria Nuland

'If you survive, you will be a super-orc in shining armor': the story of a Russian prisoner who escaped from the war to Europe

'Hell is better than this war': Russian soldiers are forced to rape each other, they are spread rot and abused

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