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Bu məqalə Google Translate servisi vasitəsi ilə avtomatik olaraq rus dilindən azərbaycan dilinə tərcümə olunmuşdur. Bundan sonra mətn redaktə edilməmişdir.

Own power and laws: how Indians live in the USA

If you ever want to visit the place of residence of these Indians, thinking that they still spend the night in the wigwam in the middle of the prairies - get ready for disappointment. Most modern reservations are little different from a typical American outback - the same low-rise brick houses and the ubiquitous road signs. Writes about it "Tourist".

Photo: Shutterstock

Local tourists “Yankees” are limited to visits to the ranch, where colorful guys in leather gaiters will offer to ride horses for a modest fee. Country style here has long passed into a kind of "popular" format, not having any relation to realities.

Each reservation is de facto a separate state. When crossing the border, guests are politely warned that US federal laws do not apply here, and all power is concentrated in the hands of the governor, elected by the people as the leader of the tribe or sheriff.

Far from megacities, herds of wild mustangs are still found. It’s impossible to take pictures of the horses closer - the horses run away, barely hearing the sounds of the car.

The flip side of harmony with nature is economic and public health disasters. Any serious case will require transportation of the victim to the "pale-faced land", where there is a normal hospital with a hospital.

More often than from chronic diseases, Indians die in road accidents. Many of the victims are children and adolescents who accidentally fall under the wheels of trucks traveling through the reservation area.

The only way to survive for the tribe is to stay together and create community support funds. Orthodox community members retain traditional Native American nicknames that still need to be earned by the elders.

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Young people, as elsewhere, are trying to earn honest work. Someone works in a folk style, others conquer the rock and roll scene.

In 1956, the U.S. government issued the famous resettlement law allowing indigenous peoples to leave the reservation permanently. Among the first wave of internal migrants was Andy from the papago tribe in Arizona. A dreamy teenager flattered about stories about California and came to Los Angeles, but could not stand the test of temptations. The result - years of therapy for alcoholism. Now he himself leads the support group for people with addiction.

Aisha Glinsky, an interior artist living in his own studio on the east side of Los Angeles. He is also papago, like Andy. A young man creates mini-sculptures in the traditional technique of his people using recycled wire.

Christina Thomas decided not to leave far from her Pyramid Lake's native reservation in Nevada and settled in the nearby town of Reno. She teaches mother tongue and multifaceted Payut tribe culture to a young generation of Indians.

Henrietta, the representative of the nationality, announced. The woman first sat on a bike at the age of 51, and now she cannot imagine life without the loud roar of her cherry Harley Davidson.

Jerrod Ferris of Wyoming, despite serious vision problems, is studying at a rodeo school. For the first time, a brave little boy mounted a bull at the age of 10 and now plans to enter the national championship.

A beautiful film “Dancing with the Wolves” was shot about the warlike Lakota tribe, but young Wahpe buried her tomahawk on the prairies of South Dakota long ago. But seriously, the girl dreams that the rock band where she plays, her father and brother, will win all the American charts.

Open gay Chrisosto glorifies the Apaches, choosing the path of a theater playwright. By the way, his people never in history condemned and did not pursue homosexuality.

Sage from Arizona, a young Valapai tribe girl. In 2012, she won the Miss Native American beauty pageant, and has since been dealing with Native American issues.

Residents received the right to citizenship only in 1924. Prior to this, the legal system of most states referred to the Indians as second-class people - they did not have the opportunity to study in "white" schools, receive medical assistance and move freely around the country. An overtly racist policy led to the dominance of crime and banditry, and later to the drug trade with all the ensuing consequences.

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The Alcatraz Prison enjoyed special “fame” among Native Americans. In it, according to unconfirmed reports, only every tenth Indian was able to survive. After the institution was closed, representatives of several tribes sailed to the island, literally capturing it and destroying part of the buildings. They stayed there until 1971, when California authorities issued an order to oust them to turn the detention centers into a museum and park.

It is not accepted in the media to talk about the genocide of the millionth population of the continent, but it is also not prohibited. Memorial exhibitions are held every year, however, whites do not come to them.

Becoming a policeman is one of the guaranteed options for protecting your tribe. Statistics say that up to 70% of crimes against Indians are still unsolved.

Those who do not want to patrol the streets are trained as lawyers, becoming lawyers and even judges in demand among fellow tribesmen.

When power is powerless, it is necessary to unite in volunteer groups - be it counteraction to deforestation or waste storage at the borders of reserves.

Do not forget about the "soft power" of art. Someone finds himself in music, others pick up brushes with a palette in order to express their vision of the world.

A separate topic is cinema. For several decades, Hollywood represented the Indians as bloodthirsty savages, but in recent years this racist vector has changed its direction a bit. Partly against the backdrop of public censure of such films.

Tourism is one of the reconciling areas. The reservations (though not all) are welcome to any person if he came with peace and willingness to study the ancient culture of the tribe.

Festival life also does not lag behind. For a number of states, this is a real event in order to earn some money on tourists coming from all over the country.

Perhaps the most famous is the collection of Pau-Wow tribes, which has long become a kind of festival of folk art. Troupes of dancers, shamans, singers and artisans regularly tour the world, including visiting Russia.

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