Infographics: fears and hopes of American parents
The main concerns and hopes of American parents, as well as their general views on raising children, in most cases vary significantly depending on the level of income in the family, the new report of the think-tank says Pew Research Center.
Parents who earn good money are less afraid that their child may be attacked (38% is rich, 55% is poor) or that he may have problems with the law (21% versus 40%). Regardless of income level, parents are concerned that their children may have alcohol / drug problems or that they will experience a teenage pregnancy.
Children of low-income parents are seriously limited in their ability to get into a more protected environment. For example, wealthy parents (with earnings of more than 75 thousand dollars a year per family) are twice as often called "excellent" or "very good" place of residence of their family than parents with earnings of up to 30 thousand dollars.
The survey of almost two thousand respondents, conducted in September-October 2015, was attended by American parents who have at least one child under 18 years.
Experts at the Pew Research Center point out that in 2014, the entire 62% of children live with two parents - and this is a historic minimum for the United States (census data). The lowest rates are among black Americans (31% versus 54% of children growing up with a parent).
In families with two parents, only every tenth American child lives below the poverty line. But in families with one breadwinner, this figure is three times worse (31%). Also, the poverty threshold cannot overcome 21% of children whose parents live in a civil marriage.
Along with the economic aspect, parental education is an important factor. For example, parents with higher education are much more likely to oppose excessive control over their children and much less often resort to assault.
Only 11% of mothers who graduated gave birth to a child out of marriage in 2014. At the same time, this indicator among women who graduated from school or did not receive secondary education at all is 54% and 59%, respectively.
At the same time, in families with two parents, mothers more often earn more dads. Over the past half century, this figure has increased almost four times.
What is almost complete unanimity among American parents is in relation to themselves. Almost everyone is sure that they are good or very good at raising children. Moreover, moms feel even more confident (51% moms are completely satisfied with themselves against 39% dads).
Tellingly, the youngest parents - millennials (the generation of those who became parents already in the XXI century) are more satisfied with themselves than the parents of generation X (who were born during the demographic decline in the US in 1961-1975 years), which followed the period of post-war baby the boom
About a third of American parents lack the time they spend with their children, spouses and friends. The current state of affairs suits only 59% of the adult population with children up to 18 years.
Interestingly, it is more important for parents that their children grow up fair and responsive than financially independent and goal-oriented.
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