Two states of America declared a state of emergency at once due to extreme weather
Tropical storm warnings are in force on the Gulf Coast. They are relevant from Intracoastal City (Louisiana) to the Alabama-Florida border due to the shift of the tropical cyclone towards the United States. Writes about it CNN.
Although landfall is expected on Saturday, June 19, the effects of the storm will show long before that.
Louisiana was hit by four hurricanes in 2020 and extensive flooding due to severe storms this spring.
Flood warnings are already in effect along the Louisiana coast until Saturday, and flash flood warnings in more remote areas, Mississippi and Florida, will continue until Sunday, June 20.
Additional flood warnings are likely to be issued by the National Weather Service after the weekend.
The third potential tropical storm is located in the Gulf of Mexico north of the Yucatan Peninsula.
The National Hurricane Center (NHC) uses the designation Tropical Cyclone Potential when a tropical cyclone is expected to reach the coast within 48 hours, even though it does not currently have strong tropical storm winds.
The storm will intensify as it moves north towards the US Gulf Coast on Saturday. If it turns, as the models predict, into a tropical storm - with wind speeds ranging from 39 (62 km) to 73 miles (117 km) per hour, it will be named Claudette.
The warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico provide the necessary thermal energy to fuel the accelerated development of storms as they travel over open waters.
It is too early to say how much the storm will intensify at this time, but it is unlikely that it will develop into a hurricane.
If Tropical Storm Claudette forms, it will be the third named storm in the 2021 tropical season and the first to hit the United States.
The first storm of the season formed on May 19 near Bermuda, then it moved to the northeast of the island and turned into tropical storm Ana. Tropical Storm Bill formed off the coast of North Carolina earlier this week, but with little impact on the United States, it went to sea and dissipated.
Rains on the Gulf Coast
Heavy rainfall is expected east of where the center of the storm will land. Current models show the storm is advancing on land near the Texas-Louisiana border.
"The most severe threat of heavy rain and severe weather will be shifted to the right of any center of circulation," said the National Weather Service (NWS) in New Orleans.
Total rainfall on the central Gulf Coast, including Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, can exceed one foot in certain areas. The model currently shows the heaviest rainfall on the Mississippi coast and around New Orleans.
“Considering that the amount of precipitation in May is much higher than average, the moisture content in the soil remains high. Consequently, precipitation can cause flooding throughout our territory, especially in the southern counties, ”warns the NWS in Lake Charles, Louisiana.
There is also a moderate risk of excessive rainfall for the southeast coast of Louisiana, the Mississippi and Alabama coasts on Saturday, June 19. There is a small risk of spreading further to the north.
The total amount of rain will depend on how quickly the storm leaves the region.
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Most of the rain is predicted to fall on Alabama and northern Georgia before diminishing significantly at the Carolina border.
Threats from high winds are still uncertain, but forecasts show that the wind will intensify up to 50 miles (80 km) per hour before reaching the US coast. On Saturday, June 19, several short tornadoes are possible.
State of emergency in Louisiana
Louisiana Governor John Edwards declared a state of emergency on June 18 ahead of heavy rain and other possible consequences of an approaching tropical storm. NBC News.
The National Weather Service said the New Orleans area could experience 8 inches (20 cm) of rain and wind speeds reaching 30 miles (48 km) per hour with stronger gusts. But all of southern Louisiana is expected to suffer.
“Everyone should be ready,” he said. A state of emergency permits the use of state resources to deal with the aftermath of a hurricane.
Southwest Louisiana was hit by two hurricanes within weeks - first a Category 4 Laura in August and then a Category 2 Delta about six weeks later.
Then a heavy winter storm hit in February, and last month more than 30cm of rain fell in some areas, flooding hundreds of homes and other structures.
“The next hurricane season has arrived. Less than a month later, we are already talking about a storm that is located somewhere south of Lake Charles, ”said Edwards.
Lake Charles has been hit hard by last year's hurricanes and flooding this year.
The Mississippi Emergency Management Agency has called on residents to be vigilant and said it has sent more than 90 sandbags to the coast. The Weather Service in Mobile, Alabama warned of very heavy rain, coastal flooding and winds.
Hurricane season last year was the most intense on record, with 30 hurricanes, 11 of which hit the continental United States.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration predicts that this year's season will be more active than usual, but unlikely to be at last year's historical levels.
Extreme heat in California
California Governor Gavin Newsom declared a state of emergency on June 18 as a heat wave looms over the state. Fox News.
Parts of California and several regions in other western states recorded record daily highs this week as temperatures climbed to 118 degrees (47,7 Celsius).
The move will ease restrictions on standby generators, auxiliary engines and other sources of carbon-based electricity.
Newsom and state utility executives were widely criticized during the heatwave last summer, when more than 200 Californians suffered two days of power outages - the first time in nearly 000 years for residents to face such problems.
Fuel consumption and air quality restrictions for utilities are also lifted during an emergency.
"The ordinance suspends certain requirements, allowing back-up power generation and freeing up additional power capacity to help reduce the need for electricity in the state's grid," the governor said in a statement.
Officials in this regard urge Californians to try to reduce energy consumption in the evenings, at least until Friday, June 18.
Most of the decree expires shortly before midnight Saturday, June 19.
Earlier in the day, California's main grid operator issued a statewide Flex Alert asking residents to do whatever it takes to conserve electricity, such as setting thermostats above 78 degrees and avoiding washing machines, dishwashers and other high-powered household appliances.
The National Weather Service warned of "dangerously high, potentially life-threatening temperatures" until Saturday, June 19, in the San Joaquin Valley.
Much of the San Francisco Bay Area is reported to be hitting a heat wave on Friday, June 18, and several counties have announced the opening of refrigeration centers.
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