Deadly risks: airlines of which countries are considered the most dangerous
Many travelers are understandably concerned about the safety of flights in different parts of the globe. The EU maintains and regularly reviews a list of countries whose airlines are completely banned for security reasons. Independent.
There is an element of risk in every flight, but the chance of being in a fatal plane crash is negligible compared to the chance of being in a fatal traffic accident.
There were six fatal accidents in 2022: one in every 4,17 million flights. “Since 2015, the rate has ranged from one in 4 million to one in 5 million, with the exception of 2017 when it was lower and 2018 when it was higher,” explains Simon Calder, travel expert.
But, unfortunately, fatal accidents still happen, as the latest accident in Nepal shows. Since the causes of the incident are still unknown, the death toll was 72 people.
So, which countries have the worst record of flight safety and are the most dangerous for air passengers?
There is no single list of the most dangerous countries for air travel. However, the European Union maintains a list of airlines deemed too unsafe to operate in the EU, and in some countries all airlines are completely banned from operating in the region.
The list is updated a couple of times a year.
Countries whose airlines are all currently on the EU's "prohibited" list.
In November 2010, the European Union banned all Afghan airlines from flying into European airspace, stating that the state had not put in place appropriate security protocols. “Where we have evidence that air carriers are not performing safe operations, or where regulators are not fulfilling their obligations to enforce safety standards, we must act to eliminate safety risks,” EU Transport Commissioner Siim said. Callas.
The most recent aviation incident in Angola was the crash of an Air Guicango Embraer EMB-120 in October 2017, but since 2000 there have been seven incidents in the South African country, resulting in 48 deaths.
All carriers registered in Armenia were blacklisted by the EU in 2020. In December 2022, the authority confirmed that they would remain there, citing that it was not satisfied with the steps taken by Armenia to comply with EU security standards.
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Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville)
Congo-Brazzaville is on the list along with the Democratic Republic of the Congo. All of its national airlines are banned, including: Canadian Airlines Congo, Equaflight Services, Equajet, Trans Air Congo and Societe Nouvelle Air Congo, and none of them are allowed to fly into EU airspace.
Democratic Republic of the Congo
The Democratic Republic (DRC) is also completely banned from the European list: this includes Air Fast Congo, Air Katanga, Busy Bee Congo, Compagnie Africaine D'Aviation, Congo Airways, Kin Avia, Malu Aviation, Serve Air Cargo, Swala Aviation, and Mwant Jet . In December 2021, a small Malu Aviation aircraft crashed in South Kivu, DRC, killing three.
In its Universal Safety Oversight Program, the International Civil Aviation Organization ranks Djibouti well below average in terms of licensing, organization and accident investigation. The country's carriers have been banned in the EU since November 2009.
Although Equatorial Guinea has only recorded two fatal air crashes - in 2005 and 2008 - the EU deemed the country's safety standards low enough to add all airlines to the list. The worst plane crash in recent years was the Equatair crash near Malabo Airport in July 2005, which killed 60 people.
Eritrean airlines were banned in 2012. A statement released by the EU at the time said that this was due to "a serious security issue reported by the International Civil Aviation Organization and the lack of adequate mitigating measures taken by the competent Eritrean authorities".
This Central Asian country has four official passenger carriers, all of which are banned from flying into European airspace. There are concerns about the age of some airlines' aircraft, and fatal accidents were recorded in January 2017 and August 2008.
Fatal accidents were reported in Liberia in February 2013 and February 2002. However, there are currently no operating Liberian airlines in the country. The most recent, Lone Star Airways, went out of business in 2006. However, all airlines registered there remain blacklisted by the EU.
Libyan airlines were banned from flying to Europe in 2014. Violeta Bulk, EU Commissioner for Transport, said at the time: “Recent developments in Libya have led to a situation where the Civil Aviation Authority can no longer meet its international obligations regarding the security of the Libyan aviation sector. My priority in aviation is passenger safety, which is non-negotiable, and we stand ready to help the Libyan aviation sector as soon as the situation on the ground allows it."
All air carriers of this South Asian country have been banned by the EU since 2013. In January, the country experienced the 13th fatal air crash in many years. All 72 passengers and crew are believed to have died. Flight YT691, operated by Yeti-Airlines, departed Kathmandu on January 15 for Pokhara.
Sao Tome and Principe
The airlines of the African island nation, located near Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe, have been completely banned by the EU since November 2009. European Commission Vice President Antonio Tajani said at the time: “We cannot accept that airlines fly without respecting international safety standards. This puts all of us at risk, who may unknowingly end up on an unsafe plane.”
All Sierra Leone airlines are currently banned by the EU. No airline is listed in Sierra Leone on the EU list. In June 2007, a passenger helicopter exploded and crashed at the country's main airport, killing 22 people.
The EU banned all Sudanese airlines from flying in its airspace in March 2010, with officials saying that it had imposed "an ongoing ban on all operations by Sudanese air carriers due to the poor safety record of the Sudanese civil aviation authority as a result of persistent non-compliance with international standards in oversight." Since 2000, there have been 11 fatal accidents in the country.
Why the EU might ban the country's airlines
Sometimes a country is placed on the list due to concerns about nationwide legislation and security protocols.
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In other cases, a series of safety incidents prompts the EU to add a country's airlines to a list that is reviewed twice a year, with airlines and countries regularly added and removed.
As aviation blog Simple Flying explains: “The EU and other jurisdictions are banning certain airlines because they are unsure about safety standards. Specific countries are often targeted because airline safety and regulatory oversight in that country is not up to par – or at least the EU believes it is.”
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