XNUMX interesting historical facts about US immigration
The USA is a country with a rich and long history. During the period of its existence, there were ups and downs, but it learned from its mistakes and became the most influential country in the world. 7 little-known, but interesting facts about the United States were collected by the publication Voice of America.
In 1790, a law was passed in the United States that established the rules for naturalization for the first time. A foreigner wishing to obtain American citizenship had to have lived in the United States for at least two years and provided proof that he had no problems with the law, moreover, he had to be a “free white person”.
Party against Catholics
In 1849, a party was formed in the United States, whose program included an end to immigration. In addition to immigrants, this party also considered the enemies of Catholics. The Know Nothing Party, aka the Native American Party and the American Party, consisted of Protestants and opposed primarily Catholics, whom it considered agents of the Pope and opponents of the American way of life ...
One of the symbols of immigration to the United States is Ellis Island at the mouth of the Hudson River near New York. In 1892 on Ellis Island Established the First US Specialized Immigrant Reception Center, which operated until 1954. It is believed that the ancestors of approximately 40 million Americans arrived in the United States via Ellis Island. Nowadays there is a museum on the island.
World War II and Asylum
In 1948, the Displaced Persons Act was passed. He gave the right to resettlement in the United States to citizens of European states who ended up in camps for displaced persons before December 22, 1945, and also introduced quotas for the admission of refugees.
Record for fewer residents born abroad
In 1970, a record was set - only 4,7% of US residents were born abroad. For comparison: in 2017 this figure was 13,7%.
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Amnesty for illegal immigrants
Ronald Reagan in 1986 allowed legalization (subject to a number of restrictions) to illegal immigrants who arrived in the United States no later than 1982.
The most spoken language among immigrants
According to a 2018 Pew Research Center study, Spanish is the most commonly spoken by immigrants (42% of respondents). In second place is English (that is, the family speaks only English) - 17%, in third - Chinese (6%).
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