NSA secret program declared illegal
The US Court of Appeals found the collection of a huge archive of telephone conversations by the National Security Agency illegal.
The US Federal Circuit Court of Appeals overturned the decision of 2013 of the year, according to which the storage of these data was recognized as conforming to the constitution.
The existence of a database of telephone conversations became known from the revelations of the ex-CIA contractor Edward Snowden, now hiding in Russia.
As part of the program, the NSA collected metadata of phone calls, including phone numbers and the duration of calls, while not listening to the content of conversations.
The National Security Agency also allegedly spied on several European companies and prominent political figures, including German Chancellor Angela Merkel
A year and a half ago, New York District Judge William Pauley dismissed a lawsuit filed by the American Civil Liberties Union, which claimed that the NSA tracking methods were contrary to the American Constitution.
The current 97-page ruling states that "a provision in the US Patriot Act allowing the FBI to collect data that may be needed to investigate suspected terrorism cases cannot be interpreted as authorizing systematic large-scale collection of domestic telephone calls."
The decision has already responded to the American authorities.
“Without commenting on today's decision, the president made it clear that, in his opinion, we must put an end to the work of the programs for collecting telephone metadata in its current form, developing alternative mechanisms to preserve its current capabilities without storing an archive of data,” Reuters quotes spokesman for the National Security Council at the White House.
Surveillance software solutions
- June 2013 of the Year: Edward Snowden talks about the metadata collection program
- December 2013 of the year: a federal judge in Washington rules that the program violates the constitution
- A week later, a judge in New York rules that she is legal.
- May 2014 of the year: House of Representatives approved a bill designed to end a massive data collection
- A few days later, US President Barack Obama calls on Congress to also approve the bill
Nevertheless, the appellate court did not restrict the work of the NSA program, which will end on June 1, in any way.
The judges decided that the decision on its termination or extension should be made by Congress.
Since 2006, the data collection program has been secretly approved several times by the National Security Court.
The US House of Representatives has already passed a special bill designed to end the massive collection of telephone calls. At the same time, as reported by the newspaper TThe New York Times, senators are likely to prolong the validity of the Patriot Act.
The Patriot Act was adopted in response to attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, and, among other things, expanded the rights of the security services for wiretapping and electronic surveillance.
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