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Rating of states with the highest and lowest differences in tax burden for rich and poor

The new tax rules come into force this year, and taxpayers are probably wondering what this means for them and their finances. However, people often confuse terms related to taxes, such as the tax rate and tax burden, writes GOBankingRates.

Photo: shutterstock

The tax rate is a percentage of the income that an individual or company must pay. It can vary greatly depending on income. The tax burden is the total amount of taxes, including state and local taxes.

Unfortunately, in different parts of the country, the difference in tax burden is significant when it comes to the richest and poorest residents in each state.

To see the difference in tax burden in the United States, GOBankingRates analyzed a 2018 census conducted by the United States Census Bureau to find out the average annual income of the richest and poorest people in each state. This study used an internal income tax calculator. It is important to note that property tax was not included due to conflicting data.

On the subject: From fine to jail time: what happens if you don't pay taxes

This study found the lowest and highest difference in tax burden for single people, and not for those who are married and filed together.

The richest people in the state will always have a greater tax burden. But still they have much more money left than the poorest people. This means that every dollar paid in taxes is a burden on the poorest people.

For example, if the state’s tax burden for single applicants is 27,50%, this does not mean that the richest people pay 27,50% more than the poorest. This number means that they pay 27,50% more of their income than the poorest.

The difference in tax burden for the richest and poorest residents of different states:

Oregon

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 198
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 58
  • Tax burden: 29,24%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Poor's average annual income: $ 13
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 240
  • Tax burden: 1,74%

Difference in tax burden: 27,50%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 198,794
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 45,401
  • Tax burden: 22,84%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • The poorest average annual income: $ 13,802
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 0
  • Tax burden: 0%

Difference in tax burden: 22,84%

Delaware

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 213,499
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 58,001
  • Tax burden: 27,17%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 15,259
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 329
  • Tax burden: 2,16%

Difference in tax burden: 25,01%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 213,499
  • Total Tax Paid: $ 45,197
  • Tax burden: 21,17%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 15,259
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 0
  • Tax burden: 0%

Difference in tax burden: 21,17%

Montana

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 176,049
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 44,467
  • Tax burden: 25,26%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 12,738
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 62
  • Tax burden: 0,49%

Difference in tax burden: 24,77%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 176,049
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 34,957
  • Tax burden: 19,86%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 12,738
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 0
  • Tax burden: 0%

Difference in tax burden: 19,86%

NH

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 228,783
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 61,827
  • Tax burden: 27,02%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 18,366
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 925
  • Tax burden: 5,04%

Difference in tax burden: 21,98%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 228,783
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 47,620
  • Tax burden: 20,81%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 18,366
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 0
  • Tax burden: 0%

Difference in tax burden: 20,81%

Hawaii

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 237,510
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 80,888
  • Tax burden: 34,06%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 17,148
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 2,110
  • Tax burden: 12,31%

Difference in tax burden: 21,75%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 237,510
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 63,257
  • Tax burden: 26,63%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 17,148
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,496
  • Tax burden: 8,72%

Difference in tax burden: 17,91%

New Jersey

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 282,085
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 92,076
  • Tax burden: 32,64%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 16,332
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,905
  • Tax burden: 11,67%

Difference in tax burden: 20,97%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 282,085
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 69,925
  • Tax burden: 24,79%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 16,332
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,344
  • Tax burden: 8,78%

Difference in tax burden: 16,01%

California

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 264,593
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 95,002
  • Tax burden: 35,90%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 15,015
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 2,405
  • Tax burden: 16,02%

Difference in tax burden: 19,88%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 264,593
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 73,585
  • Tax burden: 27,81%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 15,015
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 2,095
  • Tax burden: 13,95%

Difference in tax burden: 13,86%

Illinois

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 228,305
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 69,291
  • Tax burden: 30,35%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 13,529
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,713
  • Tax burden: 12,66%

Difference in tax burden: 17,69%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 228,305
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 55,143
  • Tax burden: 24,15%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 13,529
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,514
  • Tax burden: 11,19%

Difference in tax burden: 12,96%

New York

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 264,181
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 89,899
  • Tax burden: 34,03%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 12,552
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 2,104
  • Tax burden: 16,76%

Difference in tax burden: 17,27%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 264,181
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 70,968
  • Tax burden: 26,86%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 12,552
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 2,055
  • Tax burden: 16,37%

Difference in tax burden: 10,49%

Florida

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 200,408
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 47,781
  • Tax burden: 23,84%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 12,439
  • Total Tax Paid: $ 1,240
  • Tax burden: 9,97%

Difference in tax burden: 13,87%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 200,408
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 36,829
  • Tax burden: 18,38%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 12,439
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,216
  • Tax burden: 9,78%

Difference in tax burden: 8,60%

North Dakota

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 178,089
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 40,208
  • Tax burden: 22,58%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 13,882
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,300
  • Tax burden: 9,37%

Difference in tax burden: 13,21%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 178,089
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 31,336
  • Tax burden: 17,60%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 13,882
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,132
  • Tax burden: 8,16%

Difference in tax burden: 9,44%

Washington

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 231,623
  • Total Tax Paid: $ 61,129
  • Tax burden: 26,39%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 16,329
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 2,195
  • Tax burden: 13,44%

Difference in tax burden: 12,95%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 231,623
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 47,220
  • Tax burden: 20,39%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 16,329
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,782
  • Tax burden: 10,91%

Difference in tax burden: 9,48%

Tennessee

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 183,902
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 47,303
  • Tax burden: 25,72%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 11,614
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,483
  • Tax burden: 12,77%

Difference in tax burden: 12,95%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 183,902
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 37,605
  • Tax burden: 20,45%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 11,614
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,483
  • Tax burden: 12,77%

Difference in tax burden: 7,68%

Louisiana

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 179,163
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 51,499
  • Tax burden: 28,74%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 9,663
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,557
  • Tax burden: 16,11%

Difference in tax burden: 12,63%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 179,163
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 40,537
  • Tax burden: 22,63%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 9,663
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,557
  • Tax burden: 16,11%

Difference in tax burden: 6,52%

On the subject: San Francisco lacks money for basic expenses despite high taxes

Nevada

Single tax for the richest

  • The richest average annual income: $ 190,962
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 46,646
  • Tax burden: 24,43%

Single tax for the poorest

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 13,814
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,746
  • Tax burden: 12,64%

Difference in tax burden: 11,79%

Joint tax for spouses (for the richest)

  • The richest average annual income: $ 190,962
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 36,487
  • Tax burden: 19,11%

Joint tax for spouses (for the poorest)

  • Average poorest annual income: $ 13,814
  • Total Taxes Paid: $ 1,585
  • Tax burden: 11,47%

Difference in tax burden: 7,64%

Miscellaneous taxes annual income income Educational program taxes in the USA taxes 2020 tax rules

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