Putin and Kim Jong-un agreed on military assistance to each other 'by all possible means' - ForumDaily
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Putin and Kim Jong Un agreed to provide military assistance to each other 'by all possible means'

On June 18-19, Russian President Vladimir Putin was on an official visit to the DPRK, writes CBS News. Putin arrived in North Korea on the evening of Tuesday, June 18. On the runway, on the red carpet, he was met by North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un.

Photo: IStock

This is Putin's first visit to North Korea in 24 years. He previously visited Pyongyang in July 2000, a few months after he was first elected president. Then he met with the father of the current dictator Kim Jong Il.

Moscow's ties with North Korea weakened after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. But when Kim Jong Un first met Putin in 2019 in Vladivostok, relations began to gain momentum. A new round of friendship between dictators began after Putin found himself isolated from most countries of the world due to sanctions and International Criminal Court warrant for his arrest.

U.S. and South Korean officials have accused North Korea of ​​supplying Russia with artillery shells, missiles and other military equipment needed to prolong the fighting in Ukraine. Perhaps in exchange for weapons, Moscow is transferring key military technologies and economic assistance to the North Koreans. North Korea needs help with space technology after the recent failure to launch a second reconnaissance satellite. The country also needs food, fuel, and foreign currency. Russia is faced with a constant shortage of weapons for the war with Ukraine. Both Pyongyang and Moscow deny accusations of transferring North Korean weapons to Russia.

On the subject: Bomb, Sputnik and Rocket: North Korea is forcing citizens to change their names to more 'socialist' ones

In March, South Korean Defense Minister Shin Won-sik said North Korea had already sent about 7000 containers of ammunition and other military equipment to Russia. North Korea received more than 9000 containers from Russia, likely containing humanitarian aid.

US National Security Council spokesman John Kirby told reporters on June 17 that the White House was “concerned” about deepening ties between Moscow and Pyongyang.

“We are not concerned about the visit. We are concerned about the deepening relationship between these two countries,” Kirby said. “Our concern is not only about the impact this will have on the Ukrainians, because we know that North Korean ballistic missiles are still being used to attack Ukrainian targets, but also about the impact this relationship could have on security on the Korean Peninsula.”

This year, Putin sent Kim a luxury Aurus Senat limousine as a gift. This was a violation of a UN resolution designed to put pressure on North Korea. The resolution contains a ban on the import of luxury goods into the country.

What Putin and Kim Jong-un agreed on

On June 20, the North Korean news agency KCNA published the text of the agreement on the strategic partnership between the DPRK and Russia, which was signed during Putin’s visit to Pyongyang. The document provides for the provision of mutual assistance in the event of aggression against one of the participants.

Paragraph 4 of the signed document states: “If one of the parties is subjected to an armed attack by any state or several states and thus finds itself in a state of war, the other party will immediately provide military and other assistance with all means at its disposal in accordance with Article 51 of the UN Charter and in accordance with the legislation of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, as well as the Russian Federation."

Experts and historians immediately drew attention to the fact that this clause is almost identical to the provision of the 1961 treaty between the DPRK and the USSR - with the exception of the reference to the UN Charter. Article 51 of the UN Charter provides for the right of a member country to take individual or collective measures of self-defense.

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In addition, the signed agreement states that in the event of an immediate threat of an act of armed aggression against one of the parties, the countries will hold consultations “in order to coordinate their positions and agree on possible practical measures to assist each other to help eliminate the emerging threat.”

Cho Han-beom from the Korean Institute of National Unification in Seoul called the signed agreement a big victory for Russia, since it laid the legal basis for North Korea's support for Russia in the war with Ukraine.

He said language in the treaty leaves room for Moscow to avoid helping North Korea in border clashes or other future skirmishes if it so chooses.

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