How much American officials earn and how they are punished for absenteeism: 10 facts about US civil service
In the USA, there is a standardized practice of calculating salaries and bonuses for officials. Edition "Voice of America" collected some interesting facts about public service in the States.
1. All salaries of officials at all levels in the United States are public information that can be found online for each employee. Salaries are accrued according to the transparent system in accordance with the position (its level and the so-called "step"), as well as seniority. For example, the president of the country receives $ 400 a year, the vice president - $ 000. However, this is before taxes, which average 246%.
2. An increase in wages is possible only due to the transition to the highest “rank” and “place”. Climbing to the highest level occurs every 1-3 years. The authorities can reward the transition to the highest rung before. But growth in rank is carried out only with a change in position and responsibilities and is not always immediately accompanied by an increase in salary. Separately, a rate adjustment may take place taking into account inflation by 3-4% for all public sector employees - this is possible only by decision of the US President.
3. For work on holidays, and at the federal level there are 10 of them, employees are paid double pay for the day of work. 10% pay extra for work on Sunday and at night - from 18:00 to 06:00. There is also a “local” allowance, which is more significant in large cities with a high standard of living. All bonuses or bonuses are also tax deductible.
4. Compared to top private companies, public sector salaries are lower. For example, an HR manager at a large international FMCG company Nestlé receives an average of $ 102 a year. In government structures - $ 000. But work in government structures attracts, first of all, stability, the number of days off, a relatively high pension and other bonuses.
It is noteworthy that people who have served in the United States have significant preferences when hiring for federal positions.
5. Such salaries of civil servants may seem large, but we must remember the level of spending in the US According to the so-called "Big Mac Index", America is in the top of the world in terms of price level.
The index reflects the general level of prices for food, wages and rents. For example, in the most expensive city in the US, San Francisco, the average family income is $ 96 before taxes. This is about $ 265 per month net. And while the average rent in the city is $ 6 per month.
6. Civil servants have from 13 to 26 working days of paid leave per year, depending on the length of service, as well as 13 days on sick leave. Only in 2020 did officials have the opportunity to receive 12 weeks of parental leave - before and after the birth of the child, women had to use the leave and sick leave, which they managed to accumulate in order to stay at home at their own expense.
7. Government employees have good life and health insurance, which can be better than leading corporate offers. In addition, officials have privileges on the use of public transport. In Washington, civil servants are fully paid for metro and bus travel to the office and home, which helps relieve the capital’s roads, which are still considered one of the busiest in the country.
8. Among employees of federal agencies, as well as in American private companies, the practice of working from home is widespread under a number of conditions and with the consent of management. By the way, although the federal government in Washington may close under the slightest snow, this does not mean that officials are just resting. Most of them work from home, according to predetermined procedures, at the same time they do not create traffic jams and make it possible to work with snowplows.
9. The punishment for absenteeism, especially the provision of false information about the reason for their absence from work, may be higher for public servants than for private companies. Indeed, if an official "steals time" from his department, he "steals taxpayer money." Absenteeism is the fastest way to get fired.
10. If Congress and the president cannot agree on the state budget for next year, the federal government does not have funding, and most government structures - from departments to national parks - are forced to close and workers are sent on unpaid leave.
Some departments have the status of "performing critical functions." They own security services at airports, and they are forced to work for free. Over time, they receive compensation, but only when the authorities agree on the federal budget.
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