Why in the US you can be fired at any time
In the United States, the relationship between an employer and an employee is practically not regulated by law, so you may well find out about your dismissal in the morning - and you will have to take out all your things from the workplace by lunchtime. Community user "Pick-ups of North America" under the nickname Diaver spoke about the labor code in the United States, or rather, about its absence.
The USA is a country in which the main approach in the field of lawmaking is a minimum of regulation. It is believed that legislative restrictions should be minimal and only in those areas in which it is impossible without these restrictions (like medicine, the army, etc.). This approach, among other things, affects the regulation of the relationship between the employer and the employee. There are very, very few legal restrictions.
The most important of these restrictions:
- The salary must be at least the minimum. In different states it is different, but on average it is about 8 bucks an hour, for California it is a little over 10 bucks an hour, as far as I know.
- 10 working days of vacation per year. In good companies, such a vacation can be 20 working days. In advanced companies from Silicon Valley, there may not be any restrictions on the length of the vacation at all - you go on vacation for how many days you need.
- No discrimination on any grounds. Any discrimination is severely punished, including through the judicial system. If, for example, you were fired because you are gay and openly admit it, then this will be a great gift for any lawyer and very big financial and reputational losses for the company.
All other interaction rules are described in a separate agreement between the employee and the employer.
Since there are almost no legal restrictions, the employer may, for example, ask to work on the weekend, and, most likely, you will not be paid anything from above. Of course, you can refuse and thereby endanger your position, and being fired in the states also means losing your employer's medical insurance, without which it is cheaper to die.
As a rule, these agreements are marked “at will” - this means that the agreement can be terminated at any time by either party. That is, you can be fired at any time, for any reason. This leads to the fact that people, especially in low-skilled jobs, are very worried about not losing their place. This is one of the reasons why it is impossible or almost impossible to find rudeness / rudeness among service workers in the states, including in state-owned companies.
For example, if you asked for help from a store consultant, but he did not help you and waved it away, then this is quite enough for the employee to be fired.
An example from life.
One of my friends in Chicago bought a car. After the purchase, he received a call from the head office asking how everything went and whether he was pleased. He replied that the manager was so-so, and he didn’t really like working with him. After some time, he was called back and was told in a joyful voice that the manager who had sold the car to him was dismissed and a new personal manager was appointed to him.
The same “at will” clause also works the other way: anyone can quit at any time. For example, if the boss got you, then you simply inform that you are quitting - and tomorrow you will not be at work. Nobody can make you work for another two weeks.
Again, if this clause is not separately described in the individual agreement, then there is no special maternity leave. Typically, women are given a couple of months only after giving birth to recover and go to work. In such cases, American families either find a nanny who will sit with the child, or (if the woman’s salary does not cover the costs of the nanny), the woman becomes a housewife. There are no state kindergartens, no nurseries either. Private nurseries cost 1000-1500 bucks a month for one baby, the nanny is about the same. My colleagues, as a rule, have two or three children in the family, and the woman does not work.
Is everything so bad?
This approach in the field of labor relations was formed a very long time ago and has both its negative sides in the form of low social protection of the population, and positive ones in the form of quality and labor productivity, because if the employee does not try to do his job as efficiently and efficiently as possible, then his can be fired at any time.
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