From Application to Oath: 10 Essential Steps in the U.S. Naturalization Process
The naturalization process is quite laborious, so it is better to understand everything at once and understand what you have the right to, so as not to panic later. US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) divided the whole process into 10 steps.
USCIS implemented a revised version of the Citizenship Test on December 1, 2020. When Joe Biden became the president of the United States, then returned the old version of it. And now some candidates have a choice: take the 2020 or 2008 test.
Please note that from April 19, 2021, USCIS will only offer the 2008 version, regardless of the filing date.
Here look for helpful tips and resources to prepare for the test.
Understanding the process of becoming a U.S. citizen
Before applying make sure you meet all the requirementsand check if you are eligible for any exceptions.
Step 1. Determine if you are already a US citizen
If you are not a US citizen by birth or did not automatically receive US citizenship from your parents upon birth, proceed to the next step.
On the subject: US citizenship: how long do immigrants wait for naturalization
Step 2. Determine if you qualify to become a U.S. citizen
Step 3. Prepare Form N-400, Application for Naturalization
Read next instructions for completing Form N-400... Collect the necessary documents to prove your eligibility for naturalization. If you live outside the US, please take 2 photos. Check document checklist - make sure you have collected all the required documents. Avoid these basic mistakes when applying for citizenship.
Step 4. Submit Form N-400 and pay the fees
This form is available for online submission. Fees can also be paid online.
Step 5. Come to the biometrics test
If you need to submit your biometrics, USCIS will send you a meeting notification that will include the date, time, and location where the biometrics were received. You should arrive at the indicated place at the appointed time.
Step 6. Go through the interview
After all the preliminary processes for your case have been completed, USCIS will schedule an interview for you to complete the naturalization process. You must report to the USCIS office on the date and time specified in the meeting notice. Please bring a meeting notice with you.
Step 7. Get a decision from USCIS
USCIS will send you a Notice of Decision. If you have applied for the N-400 online, you can access the email notification in your account.
- Allowed - evidence in your documentation confirms that you are eligible for naturalization.
- Extension - USCIS may continue to review your application if you need to provide additional evidence / documentation (in case you did not provide USCIS with the correct documents, did not pass the English language or citizenship test the first time).
- Denied - the evidence on your record confirms that you are not eligible for naturalization. For more information on why naturalization is most often denied, read link.
You may be interested in: top New York news, stories of our immigrants and helpful tips about life in the Big Apple - read it all on ForumDaily New York
Step 8. Receive notification of your oath-taking
If USCIS approved your application in step 7, you can participate in the naturalization ceremony on the same day as your interview. If the same day naturalization ceremony is not available, USCIS will send you a notification with the date, time, and location of the scheduled ceremony. If you submitted Form N-400 online, you can access the email notification on your application.
9 step. Take the oath of allegiance to the United States
You are not a US citizen until you take the Oath of Allegiance during your naturalization ceremony.
- Complete the form N-445, Notice of Oath of Oath at Naturalization.
- Come to your naturalization ceremony and register with USCIS. A USCIS officer will review your N-445 responses.
- Hand over your permanent resident card (green card).
- Take the oath of allegiance to become a US citizen.
- Get your naturalization certificate, review it and, before leaving the ceremony, notify USCIS of any errors you find on your certificate.
10 step. Understanding US Citizenship
Citizenship is a common thread that binds all Americans. Check out this list of some of the most important rights and obligationswhich all citizens (both Americans by birth and by choice) must exercise and respect.
Read about the advantages and disadvantages of American citizenship in our material... Do not forget that there is also a process of denaturalization. Under what circumstances you can be revoked of US citizenship, read on link.
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