New US Immigration Rules for 2020: Everything You Need to Know
In 2019, American citizenship received a record number of foreigners over the past decade - 834. In 000, foreigners gave birth to about 2017 children in the United States. The administration of the White House announced a decrease in the flow of immigrants to the country, the journalist writes. "Voices of America" Maria Prus.
Immigrating to the United States legally has become more difficult, and green card holders are now easier to deport. Earlier this year, the Donald Trump administration made immigration rules more stringent. Let's see what has changed.
New rules for those who want to get a green card
If you want to obtain the right to permanent residence, you may be denied this if you are deemed to be a "burden on society." This category includes people who for more than a year from the last 36 months have used the help of the state. In particular, these are:
- free health insurance;
- food coupons;
- subsidized housing;
- temporary assistance to needy families;
- financial assistance for people over 65 or with a disability.
New rules for green card holders
If you have a green card, that is, a residence permit in the USA, then under the new rules it can now be easier to deport you if:
- You do not indicate in your tax return that you are an immigrant, or if you are hiding part of your income from the tax;
- You are a man between the ages of 18 and 25 and you are not registered with the United States.
- You are outside the United States for a long time. This can be perceived as a “rejection” of the green card.
A violation of these rules due to ignorance cannot be attributed to a “mistake” - migration services can deport you without the right to return to the United States.
Also, all these violations can cause a denial of citizenship.
New US Asylum Seeker Rules
If you want to get political asylum in the USA, then several rules have changed for you:
- refugees who cross the US border illegally will be denied;
- the deadline for considering applications for work permits is extended - earlier the migration service had to announce the decision within 30 days;
- asylum seekers must apply for an extension of the right to work 90 days before the end of the document;
- if the asylum application is denied, the right to work is automatically revoked;
- Refugees who enter the United States through another country and do not seek asylum there will be denied asylum in the United States.
Cancellation of legal maternity tourism
If you want to give birth to a child in the United States, thus granting him American citizenship, then you can now be denied an American visa. Childbirth in the USA is not illegal, but if the consulate decides that the main purpose of the trip is to give birth in the United States, then a visa may be refused. Because in this case, the woman applying for a tourist visa lied about the intention of her trip and has a non-tourist goal - having a baby.
If you already had a visa and you gave birth while in the United States, then lawyers advise you to pay for all medical services yourself and not to get help from the state.
In addition, if you want to come to America for treatment, then for a visa to receive medical services in the USA you will need to prove your “ability and willingness" to pay for medical services yourself, as well as have a preliminary agreement with your doctor.
New restrictions for US citizens
If you have the right to reside and want to get an American passport, that is, go through the naturalization process, then in 2020, an interview and a test of knowledge of history and language will become more difficult. This test is conducted by the US Citizenship and Immigration Services (abbreviated as USCIS). Usually he checked only the basic knowledge of the history of the country and the basic level of English. Now, future citizens will have to show the best reading, writing and speaking skills in English, as well as know the history and government of the United States.
The immigration service has also expanded the list of violations due to which a foreigner will not be able to obtain an American passport. In addition to serious crimes, these are:
- drug conspiracy;
- tax avoidance;
- bank fraud;
- sexual harassment and bullying (harassment).
On the subject: 5 Ways to Get US Citizenship Most Immigrants Don't Know About
The increase in the cost of legal documents in the United States
Other innovations include increasing the cost of obtaining the right to work, green cards or citizenship (while it proposal pending: prices have not changed since 2016 - approx.ForumDaily):
- an application for citizenship (N-400) will rise in price from $ 640 to $ 1170;
- an application for a work permit (I-765) will become more expensive from $ 410 to $ 490;
- a petition to remove restrictions on permanent residence due to marriage (I-751) will rise in price from $ 595 to $ 760;
- An application for permission to return to the United States for a legal resident if a passport / visa (I-193) is lost - from $ 585 to $ 2205;
- Application for the right to work with immigration status (I-129) - from $ 460 to $ 560-815 (depending on the type of visa);
- An asylum application for refugees will cost $ 50 (was free).
Some categories of migration applications will become cheaper, in particular, an application for granting permanent resident status through an employer (I-140) will cost $ 545 instead of the current $ 700.
Many immigration forms have become available online this year - before all applications and all documents had to be sent by mail to the US Immigration Service. In particular, these are applications for a residence permit, the right to work, the right to work with an immigration purpose, and applications for asylum. Online it will be possible to monitor the status of the consideration of their case.
13 US states tried to appeal the new rules, but at the end of January the US Supreme Court supported the White House administration's initiatives. Therefore, most of these innovations begin to operate from February 24.
The US Supreme Court also upheld the legitimacy of the government’s policy, according to which immigrants “who are likely to demand support at any time from the state / become "Public burden" (public charge), do not meet the conditions for acquiring the status of permanent resident of the United States, receiving the so-called green card. In other words, this is a kind of “wealth test” for immigrants.
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