Trump signed a decree on the right of the United States to the resources of the moon: Russia accused him of space privatization
The decree states that the United States does not recognize the Agreement on the Activities of States on the Moon and other celestial bodies, according to which satellite research is considered the property of all mankind, writes RBC. The corporation "Roskosmos" believe that the decree signed by the American leader actually means the seizure of territories of other planets, which does not set countries on cooperation.
US President Donald Trump signed a decree in support of the commercial development of resources on the moon and other celestial bodies, the White House press service said.
“Americans should have the right to conduct commercial research, production and use of resources in outer space in accordance with applicable law,” the decree says.
At the same time, the document notes that space both legally and physically serves as “a unique space for human activity and the United States does not consider it as the public domain”, therefore, the country's policy should be aimed at “stimulating international support for the extraction and use of resources in space. "
In particular, the United States does not recognize the Agreement on the Activities of States on the Moon and other celestial bodies, the decree says.
“In this regard, the Secretary of State should oppose any attempt by any other state or international organization to interpret the Moon Agreement as reflecting or otherwise expressing customary international law,” it says.
The Agreement on the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, adopted by a resolution of the UN General Assembly in December 1979, states that the exploration and use of the satellite is considered the property of all mankind and is carried out in the interests of all countries of the world. States that are engaged in moon exploration should be guided by the principles of cooperation and mutual assistance.
“The moon is not subject to national appropriation either by proclaiming sovereignty on it, or by use or occupation, or by any other means,” the agreement emphasizes.
The deputy head of the corporation Roscosmos noted that “aggressive plans to actually capture the territories of other planets hardly set the countries for fruitful cooperation,” he quotes RBC.
“There have already been examples in history when one country decided to start seizing territories in its own interests, everyone remembers what came of it,” Savelyev concluded.
Russian President’s spokesman Dmitry Peskov called unacceptable attempts to “privatize” space, commenting on the decree of the US president, the correspondent reports RBC.
“Some kind of space privatization in one form or another, - and now I find it difficult to say whether this can be regarded as an attempt to privatize space - such attempts would be unacceptable,” said Peskov.
According to him, such decisions must be given a legal assessment.
Trump demanded at any cost to send the Americans to the moon in March 2019, giving NASA five years to do so. After that, the agency announced the Artemis space program, which consists of two stages - the landing of the crew with the first woman on the moon and the flight to the satellite with the creation of infrastructure on it. For this project, the president promised to allocate an additional $ 1,6 billion to NASA. In September of the same year, Australia joined the program.
In early February, Trump asked Congress to allocate money for a program of manned flights to Mars and the Moon. It is necessary that "the American astronauts become the next man and first woman on the moon and <...> that America is the first country to set its flag on Mars," he said.
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