The article has been automatically translated into English by Google Translate from Russian and has not been edited.
Переклад цього матеріалу українською мовою з російської було автоматично здійснено сервісом Google Translate, без подальшого редагування тексту.
Bu məqalə Google Translate servisi vasitəsi ilə avtomatik olaraq rus dilindən azərbaycan dilinə tərcümə olunmuşdur. Bundan sonra mətn redaktə edilməmişdir.

Elon Musk launches 'taxi to Earth orbit': how this historical mission can change the world

On the evening of May 27, the SpaceX manned spacecraft will be launched to the ISS from the United States - an event that the American space industry has been waiting for almost 10 years. Edition with the BBC told what you should know about this mission and why it is so important for the space industry - and not only the American one.

Photo: Shutterstock

On Wednesday, around 16:30 p.m. New York, a Falcon 9 rocket will fly from the launch pad in Florida to launch the SpaceX Crew Dragon manned orbit.

On board will be two American astronauts - 49-year-old Robert Benken and 53-year-old Douglas Hurley. Two weeks ago they were both quarantined - although the coronavirus was not found in them, NASA fears that astronauts will bring the disease to the ISS.

The launch of the ship is planned to be personally visited by US President Donald Trump, while ordinary viewers will be able to watch the launch only in Live.

Due to the coronavirus pandemic, NASA decided to keep spectators out of the observation deck of the Kennedy Space Center.

Goodbye Russia

Since 2011, when the United States closed the Space Shuttle program, the country found itself without its own manned ships. American astronauts could actually get on board the ISS in only one way - on Russian Soyuz spacecraft.

On the subject: 'Mighty mice': why SpaceX will send genetically modified animals into space

The problem is not only that it hit the international prestige of the United States, but also that Russian services cost NASA not cheap: they had to pay a lot of money for sending.

At the same time, Russia constantly raised prices while the cost of sending only one astronaut is about $ 90 million - about 4 times more than 10 years ago.

But the use of SpaceX ships is estimated to cost the Americans only $ 55 million per seat.

The refusal of the Americans to use the "Unions", in fact, will become a new page in the American space industry and the end of dependence on Russia. But for the Russian Federation, specialists are already predicting problems: the state-owned corporation Roskosmos may lose a substantial part of its income.

The head of Roskosmos Dmitry Rogozin has already accused NASA and SpaceX of dumping and in response announced a reduction in the cost of Russian launches by 30%.

What Crew Dragon Looks Like

However, the difference between Crew Dragon and Soyuz is not only the cost of the flight. The spacecraft was created in such a way that the flight in it was as comfortable as possible for astronauts.

There are four windows in the capsule through which the crew will be able to observe the Earth and other objects without getting up from their seats. The seats are made of carbon fiber and Alcantara - a textile material similar to suede.

The ship is partially controlled by touch screens: on them astronauts will be able to see information about the position of the ship, the distance to the destination, conditions overboard and the like.

The ship is also equipped with climate control so that the crew can set a comfortable temperature for themselves.

You can control the Crew Dragon both from the ship itself and from the flight control center on Earth.

How will the flight go

It is expected that within 12 minutes after launch, Crew Dragon will go into orbit, separate from the Falcon 9 booster rocket and continue moving to the ISS, while the first stage of the Falcon 9 will return to Earth.

If everything goes according to plan, then on May 28, at about 15:00 New York, the ship will dock with the International Space Station, astronauts will open the hatches and get on board the ISS, where they will be approximately 30 to 110 days.

On the subject: SpaceX has chosen the first ever tourist to go to the moon

How long the Crew Dragon ship itself will be on the ISS is not yet clear, but according to plans, the ship will return with several other astronauts.

If something goes wrong during the launch, the crew will immediately launch the emergency compartment from the rocket - Crew Dragon will disconnect the capsule with the astronauts and land by parachute in one of the specific areas in the Atlantic Ocean, from where the crew will be evacuated.

So that Internet users can understand how the process of connecting Crew Dragon to the ISS will occur, SpaceX released online simulator: everyone can try themselves as a crew member.

Space plans Ilona Mask

It is important that the private structure will be responsible for sending astronauts to the ISS, and NASA, by and large, will act as its client.

Over the past 10 years, NASA has funded two projects - in addition to SpaceX, Boeing also received money from the state. However, SpaceX turned out to be more agile - the launch of its Boeing rocket will not take place until next spring.

On the subject: Back to the moon: NASA talked about the details of a space mission

NASA's total expenses for both projects have already amounted to more than $ 6 billion, but the agency is confident that in the long term, savings will amount to tens of billions.

The founder of SpaceX, Elon Musk, has been moving towards this stage - sending people into space - since he founded the company in 2002. Now this dream has every chance to come true.

In the event that the launch of Crew Dragon is successful, NASA will approve its use for regular delivery of astronauts to the ISS. Prior to this, SpaceX trusted only the delivery of goods.

SpaceX’s further plans are even larger - in the coming years the company plans to send tourists into orbit, and in the future - to transport people and cargo to Mars.

18 years ago, when he founded SpaceX, Musk called the colonization of Mars the main goal of the new company.

The online broadcast of the launch has not yet begun, but the video where it will be is already available.

Miscellaneous In the U.S. rocket launch SpaceX Ilon Mask

Read also on ForumDaily:

Back to the moon: NASA talked about the details of a space mission

Monkeys driving and walking on Mars: 10 amazing and funny predictions about 2020

Elon Musk can leave humans without a starry sky

The 12 Most Influential Startups of the Decade That Changed the World

Let's face the crisis together and support each other

No one in the world expected a coronavirus pandemic, but she came in disrupting the usual rhythm of life and work of billions of people, causing panic and uncertainty about tomorrow.

ForumDaily also faced financial difficulties due to the loss of some advertisers due to the economic downturn and quarantine. But we are not reducing the number of materials and the mode of operation, since we want our readers to receive timely and up-to-date information in this difficult time. In addition, we support Local small businesses in the USA that suffer the most.

But ForumDaily is also a small business. Despite the loss of part of the income, we are doing our best to ensure that you are informed and armed with all the necessary knowledge to counter the pandemic and resolve other important issues during quarantine.

To maintain this rhythm of work, we need your help. We will be grateful for any amount that you are willing to allot to support our team.

Let's face the crisis together!

Security of contributions is guaranteed by the use of the highly secure Stripe system.

Always yours, ForumDaily!

Do you want more important and interesting news about life in the USA and immigration to America? Subscribe to our page in Facebook. Choose the option "Priority in the show" - and read us first. And don't forget to subscribe to ForumDaily Woman and ForumDaily New York - there you will find a lot of interesting and positive information.

1058 requests in 1,995 seconds.