The devil is not as scary as he is painted: 7 myths about the Bermuda triangle
Scary stories around the Bermuda Triangle are no more fiction, reports Lifepacker.
Reality, as usual, is much more boring than what we are fed with pseudo-scientific programs.
The Bermuda Triangle is an area in the Atlantic Ocean, and more specifically in the Sargasso Sea.
It is located between Bermuda, Miami and Puerto Rico.
There supposedly planes and ships are constantly disappearing, and without a trace.
Skeptics, however, argue that ship disappearances in the Bermuda Triangle are no more frequent than in other areas of the oceans, and are attributed to natural causes.
The area is very difficult to navigate: there are a large number of sandbanks, cyclones and storms often arise.
At the same time, popular water and air routes from the Caribbean Sea to Europe and from the east coast of the United States to South America run through this section, in connection with which navigation is quite active here.
The US Coast Guard and Lloyd's insurance market share the same opinion.
They started talking about the triangle after 5 American bombers on a training flight disappeared on December 1945, XNUMX.
Supporters of alternative science find many explanations for the phenomenon of varying degrees of savagery: from unique catastrophic weather phenomena that supposedly cannot be found in other parts of the ocean, to UFOs and portals to other worlds.
Associated Press correspondent Eward Van Winkle Jones first mentioned the "mysterious disappearances" in this area of the world - in 1951 he called the area "the devil's sea, or" the sea of secrets. "
The very phrase "Bermuda Triangle" was first used by the writer Vincent Gaddis in 1964.
In the magazine "Argosi" he published an article "The Deadly Bermuda Triangle" about the strange disappearance of a link of 19 torpedo bombers.
In the late 60s and early 70s of the XX century, numerous publications began to appear about the secrets of the "Bermuda Triangle".
In 1974, the American linguist Charles Berlitz, a proponent of anomalies in the Bermuda Triangle, published the book The Bermuda Triangle, which described mysterious disappearances in the area.
The book sparked great interest, popularizing the theory of the unusual properties of the Bermuda Triangle, according to Wikipedia.
Later, however, it was shown that some of the facts in the book were presented incorrectly.
In 1975 skeptic realist Lawrence David Kouchet published The Bermuda Triangle: Myths and Reality, in which he argued that nothing supernatural or mysterious was happening in the area.
This book is based on years of documentary research and interviews with eyewitnesses, which have revealed numerous factual errors and inaccuracies in the publications of supporters of the existence of the mystery of the Bermuda Triangle.
The triangle has become a real legend, and it is surrounded by many myths.
Here are the most common ones.
Myth 1: More ships are missing in the Bermuda Triangle than anywhere else.
Thanks to its popularity in the media, the Bermuda Triangle is known as the most damned and dangerous place in the ocean.
Nevertheless, real statistics show that the Sargasso Sea is not so terrible.
Or rather, it’s not scary at all.
The world's largest shipwrecks occur in the South China, Mediterranean and North Seas, according to a 2013 report by WWF.
In addition, ships often go missing in the Eastern Mediterranean, the Panama Canal, the Black Sea and the vicinity of the British Isles.
Myth 2. Hazardous underwater gas emissions regularly occur in the region
There is an assumption that ships and planes in the Bermuda Triangle disappeared due to natural phenomena associated with the sudden release of underwater gas to the surface.
Methane hydrates were said to be the main culprit in the disappearances, but there were also options with carbon dioxide or ammonia.
Hypothetically, the mechanism is approximately as follows.
A large bubble of methane erupts from under the continental shelf at the bottom of the sea under a ship that is peacefully sailing about its business.
This gas has a much lower density than water.
The bubble rises, the average density of the water under the vessel falls, it loses its ability to maintain buoyancy and goes to the bottom.
Such a bubble can also cause a plane crash.
If the air in which the aircraft is flying is oversaturated with methane, the wing's lift will decrease and the aircraft may fall.
In addition, the amount of oxidant that the engine receives from the atmosphere will decrease - aviation fuel will simply stop burning.
The theory is very plausible, but it has a flaw.
No methane deposits have been found in the Blake Ridge area off the southeast coast of the United States, according to the US Geological Survey.
Geologists say that over the past 15 years, no gas emissions could have occurred in the Bermuda Triangle.
Myth 3. Waves of the Bermuda Triangle generate dangerous infrasound
Another theory that was supposed to explain the "mystery" of the Bermuda Triangle is infrasonic.
In nature, there is such a phenomenon as microbaromas, or "the voice of the sea."
This is when, due to the effect of strong wind on the tops of ocean waves, the latter emit a powerful low-frequency sound.
It is a completely natural and scientifically explained phenomenon that was studied by Soviet and American aerologists.
Some believe that it is the “voice of the sea” that is to blame for all the shipwrecks in the Bermuda Triangle.
But only in the Sargasso Sea, microbaromas occur with approximately the same frequency as in the rest of the ocean, that is, extremely rarely.
In addition, the infrasound pressure, which threatens a person with such phenomena as visual impairment, headaches, dizziness, nausea and choking, is approximately 150 dB.
For microbaroms, this figure reached a maximum of 75–85 dB - at a rock concert, you will get more infrasound.
The "voice of the sea" is not particularly pleasant: all sorts of sea creatures, for example jellyfish, having heard it, seek to leave it deeper to the bottom.
But this phenomenon is not fatal and is unlikely to cause anyone to want to jump off the ship into the ocean.
Myth 4. In fact, ships are drowned by a giant squid
For a long time, huge squids or octopuses were a very popular explanation for the incidents in the Bermuda Triangle.
For example, the legendary disappearance in 1918 of the American ship "Cyclops" (USS Cyclops) was attributed by some to the arms, more precisely, the tentacles of the representatives of the marine megafauna.
However, in 2004, Japanese researchers obtained the first pictures of an adult giant squid, and since then oceanologists have studied this animal quite well.
It turned out that the largest individuals reach sizes no more than 12-13 meters and a weight of 275 kilograms.
This is a lot, but not enough to sink even a small fishing vessel, not to mention the cooler ships.
So neither in the Bermuda Triangle, nor in other regions of the ocean, any kraken do not threaten ships.
Myth 5. There are powerful magnetic anomalies in the triangle.
Some incident reports in the Bermuda Triangle mention compass problems.
Therefore, it has been periodically put forward that it is possible to find some magnetic anomalies in this region. It is they who, in theory, cause malfunctions in the equipment of ships and aircraft, which leads to disasters.
In fact, such points do exist.
For example, in Florida, the deviation from the True North is really zero. But in a triangle it equals 15 °, which has been known a long time ago, at least since the XNUMXth century.
You may be interested in: top New York news, stories of our immigrants, and helpful tips about life in the Big Apple - read it all on ForumDaily New York.
And navigators know how to make a correction for the offset of the compass needle.
Observations by the US National Center for Environmental Information (NCEI) have found no strangeness in the electromagnetic field in the Sargasso Sea.
The devices behave there quite predictably.
Myth 6. For ships crossing the triangle, insurance is more expensive
Norman Hook investigated the shipwrecks between 1963 and 1996 in the triangle for Lloyd's Maritime Information Services.
He found that disappearances in this region are more often associated with the weather than with krakens, UFOs and portals to other worlds.
Other regions of the Atlantic Ocean are much more dangerous for shipping.
For example, the area opposite Cape Hatteras, which bears the self-explanatory name "Atlantic Cemetery", since more than 1 ships have been wrecked here.
Or Sable Island off the coast of Canada - 350 shipwrecks.
Myth 7. Sailors and pilots avoid the Bermuda Triangle
On the contrary, the triangle is a very visited region - both maritime and air traffic are very dense there.
You can easily check this statement yourself with Ships servicewhich displays ships at sea in real time.
It doesn't look like a damn place that everyone floats by, does it?
Airplane pilots and ship crews simply ignore the dreaded Bermuda Triangle and cross it as usual.
Yes, sailors really have to be careful here, because the Sargasso Sea has a complex bottom topography and powerful currents - the famous Gulf Stream.
And the local capricious weather adds problems to the pilots, but not otherworldly forces or aliens.
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