The article has been automatically translated into English by Google Translate from Russian and has not been edited.
Переклад цього матеріалу українською мовою з російської було автоматично здійснено сервісом Google Translate, без подальшого редагування тексту.
Bu məqalə Google Translate servisi vasitəsi ilə avtomatik olaraq rus dilindən azərbaycan dilinə tərcümə olunmuşdur. Bundan sonra mətn redaktə edilməmişdir.

Masks or screens for the face: which protects against coronavirus more effectively

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say tissue facings can help slow the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19, but many people don't like to wear them. Masks have become the main method in the effort to combat the pandemic, with some people claiming that they cannot breathe in masks. Writes about it NBC News.

Photo: Shutterstock

But what about face screens? Health workers have long used them as protective equipment.

New York State views face screens as an alternative to masks.

“People who wear homemade fabric face masks constantly touch their face to correct them, and we know that touching the face is one of the infection mechanisms,” says Dr. Amesh Adaglia, senior fellow at Johns Hopkins University Center . “When you wear a face screen, you are less likely to touch the face.”

Adalya said the screens are also more comfortable for breathing and talking.

“They do not interfere with your mouth, and you talk and breathe as usual. People subjectively feel impaired when they put on a mask, and they feel less comfortable when breathing in a mask, ”he said.

Dr. Eli Perensevich, an infectious disease doctor and professor of internal medicine and epidemiology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine, has co-authored an article in the journal of the American Medical Association that the use of face screens should be expanded from clinical conditions to society.

According to Perensevich, unlike masks that help prevent users from spreading COVID-19, firewalls also protect those who wear them from infection.

He cited a study that says face shields reduce the inhalation of the flu virus.

On the subject: Protection against coronavirus, dust and allergens: how effective are masks of different types

A study published in 2014 in the Journal of Occupational Health and the Environment analyzed how well face masks block aerosol drops. Using cough simulators, researchers found that face shields reduce the effects of inhaling cough drops by 96%.

But the author of the study, William Lindsley, a biomedical engineer at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, said the general public should stick to face wraps.

“A fabric mask or medical mask will protect you from smaller particles than a screen,” said Lindsley. - The shield is good against really large particles that you can see. But when they get smaller and smaller, it's very easy for them to get around the screen. ”

Despite this, Perensevich said that screens should not be discounted.

“Masks are a source of control that protects others, while screens are a source of control and protect yourself from drops falling anywhere on your face,” Perensevich said.

Doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals in close contact with patients use face shields and N95 masks to prevent droplets of the virus from entering the eyes.

“If the virus enters your eyes, your conjunctiva, it can then pass through the lacrimal ducts and enter the lungs and thus cause infection,” Perensevich said.

A meta-analysis published in The Lancet showed that eye protection can significantly reduce viral infections in healthcare facilities. But for the average person who practices social distance, there’s no need to wear a screen, says Dr. Bruce Polsky, an infectious disease specialist who is the chairman of the medical department at Winthrop Hospital, New York University.

On the subject: Homemade face masks: how and from which fabric it is better to make them

Now that cheap first-aid kits are sold in pharmacies and stores, some may wonder if some models are more effective than others. According to Perentsevich, the effectiveness of the protective screen depends on its design.

“Those that cover the bottom of the chin and ears give more protection than those that are more open,” he said.

Despite differences of opinion on what is most effective, experts agree that face closure is only one aspect of preventing the transmission of coronavirus.

“It's like you're in a boat, and there are four or five holes in the bottom,” said Lindsley. “You can't just close a couple of holes because you will drown anyway.” We need to close everything together. ”

Dr. Daniel Dikema, director of the Department of Infectious Diseases at the University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, is another contributor to JAMA.

“All types of facial coatings are just one approach to prevention, which, as you know, should not replace or reduce the importance of physical distance, and perhaps most importantly, eliminate close contacts in a room where crowding is observed,” he said.

Miscellaneous protection Educational program coronavirus Special Projects

Read also on ForumDaily:

Stays in the air for a long time: hundreds of scientists believe that WHO underestimates the infectivity of coronavirus

How not to get coronavirus in the elevator: CDC recommendations

Last warning: the airline will issue yellow cards to unmasked passengers

Flights during a pandemic: how to protect yourself from coronavirus at the airport and airplane

The second wave of coronavirus: how to recognize it and which countries have already encountered it

Let's face the crisis together and support each other

No one in the world expected a coronavirus pandemic, but she came in disrupting the usual rhythm of life and work of billions of people, causing panic and uncertainty about tomorrow.

ForumDaily also faced financial difficulties due to the loss of some advertisers due to the economic downturn and quarantine. But we are not reducing the number of materials and the mode of operation, since we want our readers to receive timely and up-to-date information in this difficult time. In addition, we support Local small businesses in the USA that suffer the most.

But ForumDaily is also a small business. Despite the loss of part of the income, we are doing our best to ensure that you are informed and armed with all the necessary knowledge to counter the pandemic and resolve other important issues during quarantine.

To maintain this rhythm of work, we need your help. We will be grateful for any amount that you are willing to allot to support our team.

Let's face the crisis together!

Security of contributions is guaranteed by the use of the highly secure Stripe system.

Always yours, ForumDaily!

Do you want more important and interesting news about life in the USA and immigration to America? Subscribe to our page in Facebook. Choose the option "Priority in the show" - and read us first. And don't forget to subscribe to ForumDaily Woman and ForumDaily New York - there you will find a lot of interesting and positive information.

1047 requests in 1,963 seconds.