Coronavirus in the USA: how each state is fighting the COVID-19 pandemic
Virginia, Maryland, and Washington, DC on Monday, March 30, joined the fast-growing list of jurisdictions requiring residents to stay home to curb the spread of coronavirus. Writes about this USA Today.
Despite the large number of older people who are most exposed to the most severe consequences of COVID-19, Florida has not yet taken tough measures, although it imposes some restrictions. On Monday, March 30, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis issued a decree requiring people living in the southeastern part of the state to maintain isolation.
At least 30 states have introduced such regimes, although they have different names. An exception is the solution of important tasks, such as buying products, visiting a doctor and physical exercises, as well as some work that are considered critical.
In total, approximately 250 million Americans - about 75% of the country - have been ordered to stay at home and keep at least six feet (1,8 m) away from other people while engaging in basic activities.
Governor Kay Ivey tried to balance order and encouragement for the state's residents: “These are definitely uncertain times. So now and for the foreseeable future, please consider staying safe at home, ”she said in a video message to residents of the state.
Alabama's largest city, Birmingham, ordered residents to stay home, but so far there are no directives throughout the state.
On March 27, the so-called “social distance” mandate, which is similar to isolation, was implemented in Alaska. Governor Mike Dunleavy ordered residents to stay home and banned most travel within the state.
“Today we crossed the line,” Dunleavy said after the state’s first death related to the coronavirus.
The order of the governor of Doug Duchi “Stay at home, stay healthy, stay in touch”, announced on March 30, will enter into force on March 31 at 17:00 and will last until April 30.
Governor Asa Hutchinson has so far only instructed residents not to gather in groups of more than 10 people. "I don't want to declare isolation," Hutchinson said.
On March 19, Governor Gavin Newsome announced a statewide isolation regime and identified 16 critical infrastructure sectors that should remain open, including those that provide food, healthcare, and electricity.
“This is a dynamic situation,” Newsom said. "I don't think it will last long."
On March 25th, Governor Jared Polis issued a statewide isolation order that went into effect March 26th and will remain in effect until April 11th. The order provides that Colorado residents should leave their homes only in extreme necessity.
“Now is the time to stay at home,” said Polis. - You have a chance to become a hero and save thousands of lives by staying at home. Many Colorado people depend on your ability to self-isolate over the next few weeks. Now is not the time to die. "
On March 20, Governor Ned Lamont announced an executive order, which orders all non-essential enterprises and non-profit organizations to stop their operations if possible. The order excludes core activities such as healthcare, catering, law enforcement and similar important services.
People must maintain social distance, limit outdoor activities and reduce the use of public transport.
Governor John Carney ordered residents to stay home and shut down businesses in the state starting March 24th.
Governor Ron DeSantis’s Safer At Home order extends to Broward, Miami-Dade, Monroe and Palm Beach counties and runs through April 15th. Almost 60% of coronavirus cases in the state were concentrated in these four counties. Other counties issued their own orders, and some state beaches closed their parking lots to prevent crowding.
Atlanta, Cobb, and Gwynnett counties ordered residents to stay home, but at state level, Governor Brian Kemp did not issue such a decree.
On March 23, Governor David Ige signed an order banning mass events, where more than 10 people gather. It is valid until April 30th.
Residents can leave the house "only for basic activities or to participate in important matters." As long as social distance is practiced, surfing and swimming are also excluded.
On March 25, Governor Brad Little signed the Self-Isolation Order, which entered into force immediately and will be valid for three weeks. Little also signed an “emergency declaration” and mobilized the Idaho National Guard “to support civilian authorities and local jurisdictions.”
On March 20, Governor JB Pritzker announced the introduction of an isolation regime that began the next day and will last until at least April 7th.
Pritzker said that all non-essential enterprises should be closed, and people, if possible, should work from home. All Illinois schools will be closed until at least April 8th.
Chicago Mayor Laurie Lightfoot said the order "is not a ban or martial law." Pharmacies, grocery stores, clinics and airports remain open.
On March 23, Governor Eric J. Holcomb ordered residents to stay home, at least until April 7th.
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The order gives Indiana police and local law enforcement authorities the power to enforce the rules.
Governor Kim Reynolds does not oblige state residents to stay at home, claiming that unofficial leadership is "equivalent" to the order, although it does not have law enforcement powers.
Due to a possible increase in the number of infections in Kansas to 900 within a week, Governor Laura Kelly signed an executive order to "stay home" on March 28. The order entered into force on March 30 and will be valid until April 19. State residents can leave their homes for basic activities.
“I know it’s difficult and I cannot tell you how I wish it weren’t necessary,” Kelly said.
On March 25, Governor Andy Bichar signed a decree encouraging residents to remain “healthy at home,” which, he later said, was tantamount to a directive to stay in the house, with the exception of core activities.
He also tightened restrictions and signed a decree March 30 stating that Kentucky could not travel outside the state, with some exceptions. Otherwise, it will be necessary to self-insulate for 14 days.
Governor John Bel Edwards, on March 22, issued an order across the country to stay at home for employees of non-essential enterprises. The order took effect the next day. All state schools and many enterprises, such as bars and gyms, were already closed by previous executive decrees, according to the new decree, all of them will be closed at least until April 30.
In the largest city of Portland since March 25, a decree on self-isolation has been in force. at the same time, state governor Janet Mills limited herself to banning the meeting of more than 10 people and instructed to close most of the non-essential enterprises.
As part of the actual closure of the metropolitan region, with a population of 15 million, Maryland Governor Larry Hogan tightened restrictions by requiring residents to stay home. Maryland is struggling with a serious outbreak in one of its nursing homes.
On March 23, Governor Charlie Baker announced that he needed to minimize his exit from home. The decree will be valid until April 7.
“We ask everyone to use their common sense, think about the impact of this virus on sick and elderly people and limit their interactions with others,” Baker said.
On March 23, Governor Gretchen Whitmer signed the Stay at Home, Stay Safe order, valid until April 13. Violation of this order is a criminal offense and may result in fines.
“I know it will be difficult, but this is temporary,” Whitmer said. "If we all get together, get serious and do our part by staying at home, we can stay safe and save lives."
On March 25, Governor Tim Walls signed a decree requiring residents to stay in their homes. It is valid until April 10th. The order is based on the recommendations of the Department of Health of Minnesota and the forecasts of the University of Minnesota about a possible mass infection, as a result of which more than 70 residents could die if no action is taken.
Governor Tate Reeves tweeted on March 29: “This is a deadly disease that we should all take seriously. Stay home. Follow the rules. Take care of yourself".
On March 21, isolation orders were issued in the two largest cities of Missouri, Kansas City and St. Louis. Several counties did the same, but Governor Mike Parson took no action throughout the state.
"This situation will only get worse, much worse, if we don't act now," said St. Louis Mayor Lida Crewson.
On March 26, Governor Steve Bullock issued an order that entered into force two days later, requiring residents to stay home and close non-essential businesses.
“I would rather be accused of overreacting than being overwhelmed by the healthcare system and unable to help our most vulnerable Montanans when they need it most,” Bullock said.
Governor Pete Ricketts said the state is actively responding to the coronavirus pandemic and does not need residents to stay home.
On March 24, Governor Steve Sisolak signed a public directive banning meetings of 10 or more people. The directive, however, does not prohibit people from leaving their homes while practicing social distance.
“It won't stop your family members from going for a walk,” Sisolak said. "If you live together, you can be together."
On March 27, Governor Chris Sununu issued an emergency order obliging all business to be closed.
It is expected that the order will be valid until May 4. The state had its first death from a virus just a few days before Sunun was ordered.
On March 21, Governor Phil Murphy ordered residents to stay home. He also canceled meetings of any number of people, including parties, weddings and religious ceremonies.
“We have to change our behavior,” Murphy said, adding that the restrictions will not change “any time soon” and could continue for weeks or months.
Governor Michel Lujan Grisham issued an order calling for the closure of non-essential enterprises until at least April 10th.
The order states that residents "must stay at home and go out only in extreme cases." The order also bans the assembly of more than four people.
Gov. Andrew Cuomo announced on March 20 that all New Yorkers should stay at home "as much as possible."
Cuomo called the order the State of New York on Pause plan, and he forbids all minor meetings of people of "any size for any reason."
Residents can leave their homes to receive necessary services or items, including trips to grocery stores.
After some counties ordered their residents to stay at home, Governor Roy Cooper extended an order throughout the state on March 27. Calling the decision “a matter of life or death,” Cooper said the restrictions would last until April 29.
Governor Doug Burgum closed all non-essential businesses, but did not order residents to stay in the house. “It's not about staying at home, it's about avoiding contact,” Burgum said.
Most Native American reservations in the state have introduced curfews.
Governor Mike Devine ordered residents to stay home. The order entered into force on March 23.
According to Devin, the order will last until at least April 6th and will be reviewed as necessary.
Governor Kevin Stitt’s “Safer at Home” order applies only to older people and people with immunodeficiency. However, in Oklahoma City, Tulsa, and Norman, restrictions apply to all residents.
On March 20, Governor Kate Brown asked residents to stay at home, calling the directive “both an order and a public awareness campaign.”
“Tonight, I'm asking the Oregonians to stay home to stay healthy. Social distance can save lives, ”Brown said.
Portland Mayor Ted Wheeler said on Twitter: “This is not closing the house. This is a request to stay home if there is absolutely no need to go out. ”
On March 23, Governor Tom Woolf issued homestay orders for the seven Pennsylvania counties that were hit hardest, including the areas surrounding Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, two of its largest cities. Philadelphia, Allegheny, Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Monroe and Montgomery are affected counties.
Wolfe wrote in his Twitter account that “residents should stay home and not need to go out without special need.”
On March 28, Governor Gina Raimondo ordered residents to stay home until April 13, with some exceptions. Her order also restricts gatherings of more than five people and requires a two-week quarantine for visitors to other states.
Governor Henry McMaster also issued an order that gives law enforcement authorities the power to ban or disperse public gatherings of more than three people.
“We must all assume that we and the other people we communicate with have the virus,” McMaster said.
Encouraging people to stay at home, McMaster added on his Twitter account that “this is not an order, but another measure aimed at containing the virus by controlling the crowds so that they don’t have to hide in place.”
Governor Christie Noem did not impose severe restrictions, but several cities and counties took action, including Sioux Falls and Huron. Noah said she did not believe that some restrictions applied to large cities were justified in small cities.
Governor Bill Lee followed the lead of mayors of Nashville, Memphis, and Knoxville on March 30 and issued the Safer At Home order, which imposes restrictions on the movement of residents and requires the closure of non-essential businesses.
Governor Greg Abbott left decisions on this issue to local authorities and did not issue a decree throughout the state.
The most populous counties in the state have made decisions. These include Dallas County, Harris County - which includes Houston - Bexar County - which includes San Antonio, Collin County, El Paso County, Tarrant County, Austin, and Hunt County.
On March 29, when 719 cases of coronavirus were reported in Utah, Salt Lake City County responded by shutting down a number of businesses and restrictions on residents outside the home. Governor Gary Herbert has not imposed state restrictions.
Governor Phil Scott’s order, according to which residents were to stay at home, entered into force on March 25, and is expected to be extended after April 15.
“I need you to stay at home,” Scott said. - It will save lives. It is so simple".
A week before joining forces with Maryland and Washington, D.C., Virginia Governor Ralph Northham signed an executive order requiring all schools to close before the end of the school year, and many non-essential businesses closed for at least 30 days.
The order also prohibited any public or private gatherings of 10 or more people. “I have said repeatedly, 'Stay home if you don't have to go outside,' he said.
The state was the first in the country to which the outbreak came. On March 23, Governor Jay Insley signed an order prohibiting Washington residents from leaving their homes, except for important tasks.
“This is a human tragedy on a scale that we cannot project yet,” Inslee said. "It's time to sit at home to win this fight."
Although West Virginia was the last state in the United States to report a confirmed case of coronavirus, on March 23, Governor Jim Justice ordered the state to remain at home. Closed also all non-essential enterprises.
On March 24, Governor Tony Evers signed the Safer At Home order, which bans all non-essential trips.
“Safer at home” is not something I thought we should be doing, and it's not something I take lightly, but here's the point: people should start taking it seriously, ”Evers said.
Governor Mark Gordon said he has no plans to order residents to stay at home.
“If we are going to issue an isolation order, there will be no exceptions. This will be a real stay at home order, ”said Gordon, who has closed schools and several businesses until April 17.
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