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One in five Americans took antidepressants or saw a psychologist in 2020

A fifth of the US adult population received mental health care for a year in 2020, which may indicate the significant impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The edition told in more detail US News.

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In an analysis based on data from the 2020 National Health Survey, researchers at the National Center for Health Statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 20,3% of adults were either taking prescription mental health medications, or undergoing therapy or have consulted with specialists over the past 12 months. Approximately 10% of them resorted to therapy or counseling, and 16,5% took medication.

While the report's authors did not investigate what factors might have influenced the data, the findings come amid widespread concerns about the mental health impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated school closures, job losses and social exclusion.

Separate data showed that about 4 in 10 adults reported symptoms of anxiety or depressive disorder in January 2021, up from about 1 in 10 in January-June 2019. Another CDC report released earlier this year showed that the proportion of adults with symptoms of anxiety or depression increased from 36,4% in August 2020 to 41,5% in early 2021.

On the subject: One in five COVID-19 patients develop mental illness: study

The new results represent a statistically significant increase of about a percentage point over 2019, when researchers said 19,2% of adults were receiving some kind of mental health treatment. In that year, about 15,8% of adults took prescription drugs for this purpose, and 9,5% attended consultations or therapy procedures.

And while the growth has been modest, experts say, it suggests that those with mental health problems have been unable to access health care, or that mental health problems may now be worse than in the early days of the pandemic. experts say.

By all measures, in 2020, white adults were most likely to receive mental health care (24,4%), took medication (20,6%), and received counseling or therapy (11,2%) in the past year. More than 15% of black adults, about 13% of Hispanic adults, and almost 8% of Asian adults have received some form of mental health treatment. Women were also more likely than men to receive treatment, medication, or attend counseling.

By age, the likelihood of receiving psychiatric treatment in adults aged 18 to 44 is about the same as in people aged 45 to 64. A higher proportion of this older group took medication, while a higher proportion of the younger group attended counseling or therapy.

  1. Between the ages of 18 and 44: 20,9% received psychiatric care, 15,4% took medication, and 13,2% attended therapy.
  2. From 45 to 65 years: 20,5% received help, 17,7% took medication, and 9,2 attended consultations or therapy.
  3. Among the population over 65: 18,7% received help, 17,3% took medication, and 4,7 attended consultations.

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Treatment for mental illness also differs geographically. The number of people who received treatment or medication increased depending on where the diners lived, and there were more of them in rural areas. The opposite trend is true for those who attended counseling or therapy.

  1. Among residents of megalopolises: 19,3% received psychiatric care, 14,8% took medications and 10,9% attended consultations.
  2. Among the residents of the metropolitan area: 21,4% received psychiatric care, 18,2% took medication and 9,7% attended therapy.
  3. Among rural residents, 21,7% received psychiatric care, 19,7% took medication, and 7,6% attended therapy.

In a separate but related report based on data from the National Health Survey in the second half of 2020, CDC researchers stated that 77,5% of adults have always received the social and emotional support they need. However, Hispanic, Black and Asian adults were significantly less likely than whites to receive this level of assistance.

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