The categories of persons who receive the green card the longest
The green card waiting time for married sons and daughters of US citizens, as well as brothers and sisters of adult US citizens, is more than 10 years. This is evidenced by the data visa bulletin on the website of the United States Consular Service.
A green card holder or citizen of the United States files a petition to begin the reunification procedure. I-130 on the relative who wants to transport.
After approval of the petition will need to provide confirmation of sponsorship - the form I-864 (Affidavit of support). It ensures that a green card holder or a US citizen can financially provide for his relative if necessary.
If a relative is in the US at the time of issuing a green card, then he is served form I-485 - statement of the change of status (Adjustment of status).
For close relatives (husband / wife, parents, unmarried children under 21) of a US citizen, there is no limit on the number of immigrant visas, so they usually get them pretty quickly - within six months to a year.
But for relatives of the green card holder or non-close relatives of a US citizen, the procedure is more complicated.
They are divided into different priority categories, which are spelled out in the US Immigration and Nationality Act. Accordingly, the higher the priority, the greater the chance of getting a green card. There is a 4 level in total, which includes relatives of green card holders or a US citizen:
- The first: F1 - unmarried sons and daughters of US citizens;
- Second: F2A - spouses and unmarried children of green card holders under the age of 21;
- Second: F2B - unmarried children of green card holders older than 21;
- Third: F3 - married sons and daughters of US citizens;
- Fourth: F4 - brothers and sisters of US adults.
Each category is allocated a certain number of visas each year. Most often, there are more applicants than visas. Therefore, a snowball effect appears: those who did not have time to receive this year are transferred to the next.
Оyou can trace the turn on the site visa bulletin. Your date of receipt of documents should be compared with the one shown in the newsletter. You will learn that you can get an immigrant visa when they match. For example, in August 2018 of the year, the queue is suitable for those to whom the petitioners of the F1 category have filed documents before 8 May 20011. That is, to reunite a green card holder or a US citizen with unmarried sons and daughters, they need to wait about 7 years.
According to these data, spouses and unmarried children of green card holders under 21 (category F2A) wait about 2 years; unmarried children of green card holders over 21 years old (category F2B) - 7 years old. Categories F3 and F4 have to wait the longest - married sons and daughters of US citizens and brothers and sisters of adult US citizens, respectively, their applications are considered for 12 and 14 years.
You can track the status of applications that are considered in August 2018 of the year. here.
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