How to make a protective mask yourself: a simple step-by-step instruction
In the era of the coronavirus, disposable medical masks cannot be obtained, so residents of countries affected by the pandemic have adapted to wear reusable or do-it-yourself disposable ones. No mask can reliably protect against the virus in direct contact with the patient (only special respirators are capable of this), but will help reduce the spread of the virus if you yourself are infected. Here's how to make a mask yourself.
How to sew a reusable mask
Posted by Fancy smth YouTube Channel talks about how to make a mask yourself. According to her, referring to WHO, fabric masks can be washed and used repeatedly. The girl offers a pattern template that you can print or make yourself. That's how it looks, and here is the link on the template.
Here's how to make a pattern yourself.
Next, print and cut the contours of the future mask.
The most suitable material for such a mask is neoprene, because it is dense, breathable, elastic and the edges do not crumble. It is sold in all fabric stores, but if you have not found, you can use tight knitwear as an alternative.
Cut from the fabric two identical parts according to the pattern.
Fold them together and sew them on the front.
This can be done by hand - go back with a simple straight stitch with a needle, and then sew the edges with a buttonhole. The seam should be on the outside so as not to scratch your face.
The mask is ready! How to use it?
Inside you can put 3 or 4 layers of gauze for an additional filter. She tightly closes her mouth, nose, leaves no gaps. You can breathe normally in it.
The mask must be changed every couple of hours and, according to the WHO, to which the author refers, wash after each use with an ordinary household detergent at normal temperature.
It is very convenient to sew several masks at once, take them with you, change them during the day, and wash them all at the end of the evening.
How to sew a disposable mask
Disposable masks can be made from viscose wipes or filters and gauze.
We tear off two napkins, fold them in half. Then take cheesecloth, fold in 3-4 layers and cut to size.
Putting together a "sandwich": napkin, gauze, napkin.
We fold it with an accordion (for convenience, take the clamps).
Now take the rubber band. Attach the edges of the elastic to the upper and lower edges of the accordion and secure with a stapler or glue - what you have. Pass the stapler along the entire side so that the accordion does not disintegrate, secure each fold.
And by the way, identify the front side: the sharp edges of the stapler staples should be outside.
The used mask must be discarded immediately. You can also make several masks at once and change them during the day.
Full mask creation video:
How to strengthen a protective mask
The author of the YouTube channel FixTheMask tells how to make a protective mask more effective by strengthening its fit to the face.
You will need one protective mask and three thin elastic bands.
Step 1. Twist the elastic bands together to create a chain.
Step 2. Put on the mask, stretch it over the nose and chin, fix the nose clip.
Step 3. Stretch the center ring of the elastic chain so that it “fits” over your face. While holding the center ring with one hand, lock the side rings behind your ears.
Step 4. Improve the design so that it fits snugly to the face.
Step 5. Test the effectiveness of the mask as advised by the CDC. Place one or both hands on the mask and exhale deeply. If you feel that the air is “leaking out” somewhere, the mask does not fit snugly enough.
Try to ensure that there are no “leaks” by changing the position of individual parts of the mask on the face - for example, fix the nose clip more tightly or, better, pull the mask over the chin.
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