How to prepare for the US citizenship test and interview: Immigration Advice

During a naturalization interview, a USCIS officer will ask you questions about your application and past. You will also take an English language and civil law exam.

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The English test consists of three components: reading, writing and speaking. The Civil Law Test covers important topics in US history and government. On the official site USCIS invites immigrants to learn more about the test and free tools to help you prepare.

English test materials

Training materials for the civil law test

Conversation Test

A USCIS employee will evaluate your ability to speak English during an interview regarding the N-400 (Naturalization Application) form.

Reading test

You must read aloud one of three sentences to demonstrate your English reading ability. Vocabulary for reading test (PDF, 185 KB) will help you study the part of the interview that will test your ability to read in a foreign language. Content focuses on civil and historical topics.

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Writing test

You will need to write one of the three sentences correctly to demonstrate your ability to write in English. Vocabulary for written test (PDF, 181 KB) will help you prepare for this part of the naturalization test. Content also focuses on civil and historical topics.

Civil Law Test

Naturalization exam includes 100 Civil Law Issues (PDF, 296 KB). During a naturalization interview, you will be asked up to 10 questions from this list. You must correctly answer 6 from 10 questions to pass this test.

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You have two attempts to pass the English language and civil law exams for each application. If you fail to pass any part of the test during the first interview, you will be retested in the part that you failed between 60 and 90 days from the date of your first interview.

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