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How trump's migration reform will affect immigrants from post-Soviet countries

Photo: Instagram / realdonaldtrump

President of the United States Donald Trump proposed to actually cancel the green card draw for immigrants operating since 1990.. Instead, it is proposed to adopt a new bill called The raise (“The Rise”), suggesting a new mechanism for distributing visas based on the qualifications of the employee.

The bill provides for the introduction of a points system for immigrants.: The priority will be given to young visitors who are potentially able to professionally succeed and improve the American economy, as well as those who are fluent in English.

In addition, the document defines the limit of refugees who can live permanently in the United States - up to 50 thousand per year.

While these proposals are only a bill, and they will have to pass the approval of Congress.

Edition “Currently,”Appreciated how these innovations will affect potential immigrants from post-Soviet countries, if the bill is adopted.

In the second half of the 70th century, there were several different waves of emigration to the United States from the USSR and the countries that formed after its collapse. In the 90-90s, mainly Jews left the USSR, who received refugee status in the United States. In the early XNUMXs, mainly refugees from numerous zones of military conflicts emigrated, and a little later a wave of emigration along the "family" line began, including Russian-speaking women who married Americans. Only in recent years has emigration to the United States from the countries of the former Soviet Union largely become professional.

According to the bill proposed by Trap, the chances are those who can better sell their skills, not those who are ready to marry to get a green card, and not those who already have relatives in the United States.

It is likely that the main victims of the abolition of the green card lottery will be emigrants from Armenia, Uzbekistan and Ukraine: it is from these countries that in recent years the largest number of applications for participation in the green card lottery has been submitted.

For comparison: in 2015, Uzbeks submitted more than 1,3 million applications for participation in the lottery, and Ukrainians - more than 1,2 million, while only 265 thousand applications were submitted from Russia. Approximately 100 thousand people also participated in the lottery from Belarus; 131 thousand - from Armenia; 46 thousand - from Kazakhstan; just over 29 thousand are from Azerbaijan.

Those immigrants who were going to leave for the United States through family ties and ties in the diaspora will also suffer. The Trump initiative can seriously hit migrants who are already living in the United States and were planning to bring their parents to them to provide them with good medical care and a high quality of life.

But first of all, the new rules will seriously affect those potential emigrants who do not have professional skills that they can confirm and sell.

In theory, potential emigrants who view the United States as a country of emigration can increase their chances of receiving a green card in the following ways:

  • if they learn English and confirm their knowledge of the language with certificates. This can be done through a developed language courses in almost all countries of the former USSR;
  • if they can confirm and nostrify their university degrees in the USA;
  • if they study in American universities and receive additional education through a system of grants;
  • if they are trained and work in American or international companies, in which it is easier to confirm work experience.

All of the above will help earn extra points, which can be critical if Trump's immigration reform is accepted.

If the law is passed, according to one of its authors, senator from arkansas tom cottonIn a year, instead of approximately 1 million of foreigners accepted per year, the number of immigrants in the United States will be reduced to about 600 thousand people, and over 10 years to 500 thousand people per year.

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