What to do if you are bitten by a snake while hiking - ForumDaily
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What to do if you are bitten by a snake while hiking

Yahoo tells you what to do and what not to do if you are bitten by a rattlesnake while hiking.

Rattle Snake Coiled and ready to strike

Photo: iStock.com/MichaelSvoboda

Picture this: you're hiking, walking along a local trail, when you hear a "shhhhhhh" sound a few inches away from you. Suddenly you feel a burning and tingling sensation: two wounds appear on your ankle.

You were bitten by a rattlesnake.

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As the weather gets warmer, more people are heading outside for walks, hikes and picnics. Here's what you need to know to stay safe during rattlesnake season. Read about 6 species of wild cats in the USA that you can meet while walking in our article.

What to do if you are bitten by a rattlesnake

The first thing you need is to remain calm. This is important to slow the spread of the poison.

Try to remember the color and shape of the snake for further treatment. Dial 911 and seek medical attention as soon as possible.

If you cannot get to the hospital right away, lie down or sit so that the bite is below the level of your heart. Then wash the wound with warm, soapy water and cover it with a clean, dry cloth.

What not to do

Here are some things you should never do if you are bitten by a rattlesnake:

  • do not pick up the snake or try to catch it;
  • do not apply a tourniquet (material used to prevent blood flow);
  • do not cut the wound with a knife;
  • do not suck out the poison;
  • do not apply ice or soak the wound in water;

  • don't drink alcohol;
  • don't drink coffee.

How to recognize rattlesnakes

Many different species of rattlesnakes can be found throughout the United States.

Rattlesnakes can be identified by the distinct sound their tails make due to the rings rubbing against each other as the tip vibrates. However, snakes can lose their tail segments or simply decide not to use them.

In this case, you can identify them by their gray or light brown color and triangular head shape. They are typically between 60cm and 120cm in length and can easily camouflage themselves to match their surroundings.

According to the National Park Service, the reptiles typically live under rocks and logs.

Once the snake is ready to increase its body temperature, it will go into sleep mode.

How to Avoid Rattlesnakes

Although most snake bites occur when the snake is picked up or accidentally touched, remember that you are not their prey.

“Rattlesnakes are not aggressive towards people unless they are threatened or frightened,” Stephen Nett wrote.

Snakes are usually afraid of larger animals. They feed on mice and other rodents. They will start shaking if they sense danger and try to escape. Let them do it.

If you encounter a snake on the trail, stay at least 10 steps away from it, or preferably as far away as possible. If she bites you, the wound will most likely be on your arm, leg, or ankle.

How to Avoid Rattlesnakes Outdoors

Prepare for the hike:

  • Wear ankle-high boots, thick socks, and long, loose-fitting pants;
  • Do not go barefoot or wear sandals.

During the hike:

  • stick to well-known routes;
  • do not walk through tall grass and weeds;
  • watch where you step;
  • try not to walk in the dark;
  • When walking over fallen trees or large rocks, inspect the surrounding area for snakes;
  • be careful when climbing rocks or collecting firewood;
  • Shake out sleeping bags before using them and inspect logs before sitting on them.

Other Tips:

  • do not grab branches while swimming in lakes and rivers: snakes can swim - sometimes they look like sticks;
  • avoid approaching snakes; Even when just killed, she is capable of injecting poison.

What to do if a snake bites a dog

Take your pet to the vet as soon as possible. Symptoms of a rattlesnake bite include wounds, swelling, bleeding, pain, agitation or depression, according to the University of California, Davis.

Be sure to clean your dog's wound and reduce blood flow to the bite site.

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