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"This hurricane will kill you": 5 facts about Matthew

Фото: Depositphotos

Meteorologists report that Hurricane Matthew is getting stronger and closer to the East Coast. Florida Governor Rick Scott issued a dire warning early Thursday morning: “This is serious ... If you need to evacuate, but you have not evacuated, this hurricane will kill you. Time is running out. We don't have much time left. ”

Here are the 5 facts you need to know about the hurricane.

How dangerous is a hurricane and what is unusual?

If Matthew retains his strength, where the wind speed reaches 110 miles / hour or higher, it will be the first major hurricane to hit the US since October 2005. Then the wind speed during the hurricane Wilma reached 120 miles / hour on land. Do not forget about the devastating hurricane Catherine, who destroyed everything in its path at the beginning of 2005. During Katherine, the wind speed on land reached 125 miles / hour.

As of Thursday's 11 hours, Hurricane Matthew's maximum gusts of wind reached 140 miles / hour. As we approach Florida, the storm will intensify to the 4 category of the hurricane, according to the National Hurricane Center in Miami. If nothing changes, Matthew will be the first major American hurricane of the media era. During Hurricane Wilma there was no Twitter and iPhones, and Facebook was just beginning to exist.

Hurricane Sandy in 2012 caused $ 50 billion in damage. But if it came to the coast like a hurricane, it would be assigned the first category where gusts of wind reach 85 miles / hour.

The last hurricane with similar strength and follow-up threatened the US East Coast in 1999 - Hurricane Floyd. It caused $ 7 billion in damage in the Carolina, says Jeff Masters, a former hurricane hunter and director of the Weather Underground.

“There is no doubt that there will be serious consequences,” he says. "Will it be devastating or severely damaged?"

It all depends on how far it goes on land. A few degrees affect the amount of damage: $ 1 billion or $ 10 billion.

What is the difference between going to land and going along the coast?

In a sense, worse when the hurricane stays close to the coast, thereby retaining its power above the water, while the hurricane winds destroy the coastal zone, says Miami University of Tropical Meteorology researcher Brian McNoldy.

What should worry more about Matthew: wind, rain, or storm surge?

While the storm tide and rain can be a problem, McNoldy experiences more for Matthew’s wind speed, which can cause more damage.

Why is the path of motion Matthew hard to predict?

McNoldy says that a turn north from Haiti and Cuba was predictable. New tropical storm Nicole, most likely, affects the trajectory of motion of Matthew. In addition, high pressure in Bermuda and low pressure in the western United States are not strong enough to block Matthew or drive him away, meteorologists say.

Some computer models show that Matthew will linger over the entire US coast for another week. But meteorologists do not always trust systems. After all, now some models show that Matthew can return to the shores of Florida for the second time.

Who is to blame: El Nino, La Nina or global warming?

Mostly hurricanes just happen. But it's worth noting that the water temperature in the Caribbean, where Matthew showed growth rates, increased by 1,8-2,7 degrees. Thus, climate change is a possible factor that influenced Matthew's strength, but not all meteorologists agree.

Maximum potential intensity - a key measure of ocean heat - has increased by about 15 miles per hour over the past 35 years in tropical storm regions of the Atlantic. And the maximum potential intensity is currently particularly high east of Palm Beach, Florida.

Read also on ForumDaily:

Hurricane Matthew: what time to expect the peak of the elements

The arrival of Hurricane Matthew eyewitnesses broadcast live. VIDEO

More than 100 people died during Hurricane Matthew in Haiti

Hurricane Matthew is intensifying. The latest data.

In the U.S. Florida Hurricane storm Мэтью
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