What you need to know about education in the US
There is no such maternity leave in the states. On average, a woman is given 2 - 4 a month before giving birth to a woman. Accordingly, it is necessary to decide how to deal with the child. Sharing his experience Diaver blogger.
There are several such options:
For any inquiries, We're here to answer you. Find a baby nanny. Usually, a nanny earns a minimum salary, depending on the location, it can be Basque 7-10 per hour, since there is no need for some education to work as a nanny. Often babysitters work as babysitters. In my location, the nanny will bypass approximately 340 bucks a week.
For any inquiries, We're here to answer you. Arrange a child in a private garden. There are no state gardens. In the states, the state believes that the issue of preschool education should be addressed by the parents themselves. There are quite a few private gardens, as it is quite simple to open such a garden at home. There are a number of restrictions, such as the sanitary condition of the house, the safety of children, the number of children per teacher, and so on, but that's okay.
The order of prices for kindergartens varies greatly, prices start from 500 bucks, but you should not drive a child to such kindergartens, it will be a room with a TV and a teacher from Mexico who doesn't care about children. The price of good kindergartens starts with 900 bucks, they will work with your child there, they will take walks and so on.
The price of the kindergarten will vary depending on the food, if the child eats food provided by the kindergarten, the price will be higher. Often, parents along with the child hand over food for the day.
Due to the high price of the kindergarten, it often turns out that mothers in the states do not work, as the minimum wage barely covers the kindergarten. If there are several children, then the meaning is completely lost.
Good and bad schools:
Each school is assigned to a specific area. To get to school from another area is impossible. Schools included in the housing tax of the attached area, respectively, it turns out that if you want to give the child to a good school, then you need to move to a more expensive, prestigious area.
In the states, schools have ratings that are based on many parameters. The rating is a number from 1 to 10, where 10 is the highest score.
School rankings can be viewed on this resource.
My child now goes to primary school with a 8 rating, which is pretty good.
School bus culture:
One of the coolest things about American schooling is school buses. In order for a child to get to school, he needs to walk to the nearest bus stop of his school bus. In our case, these are 50 meters. Exactly by the hour, plus or minus a couple of minutes the bus will arrive and take the child to school. Likewise, exactly by the hour the bus will bring the child from school.
At our school, the bus arrives at the stop at 7: 07 in the morning, and brings in at 14: 58.
The bus arrives at school around 7: 25.
Children from buses are released in 7: 30.
12 minutes children play on the school playground.
From the school run in 7: 42.
After the end of the lesson, the children board the buses, which are pre-arranged in front of the school:
In order for the child not to confuse the bus, on each bus there is a colored sign on which the child finds his bus. Our bus with a red sign.
In the states, safety, especially children in the first place, so there is a very important point in American traffic rules: when the school bus stopped at the bus stop and unloads / plunges children, all cars, including those traveling along the oncoming traffic line, should stop. You can drive only in one case, the bus is in the oncoming traffic and the lanes are separated by a concrete barrier.
If you decide to drive around such a bus, then you will be taken a driver's license, which is very, very bad, since public transport is poorly developed.
You can be sure that no teacher will ever raise a hand on your child and will not even cry. If the parent becomes aware that his teacher has been hit by a child, that teacher will be dismissed from work on the same day and most likely without the right to work in school education for a long time. If your child behaves badly, does not obey, then you will be summoned to school and will have a conversation with a view to making you influenced the child. In general, teachers are extremely friendly and polite.
You moved with a child who does not speak English at all, what to do? There are no problems with this. The population in the states is very heterogeneous, there are a lot of migrants, including with children. Good schools have special programs for these children: ESL (English as Second Language). Our school has a dedicated teacher who every day individually studied English with my son, for which he thanks a lot! In general, you should not be afraid of this topic, children very quickly begin to speak a new language, and with a much better pronunciation than their parents.
And they start talking so well that if they don’t study their native language with the child (reading / writing), then they begin to forget it.
Elementary school (elementary school):
In the states, primary, secondary, high school are mostly divided and in fact are different schools, with different ratings and buildings.
Starting with 4, a child can be sent to primary school. In 4, it will be a preschool class, in 5 years kindergarten and 6 years first class.
Primary school on Russian education standards is more like a kindergarten. Children are not rated, only stars, they have no changes, they do not carry textbooks and other attributes of the kindergarten with them. In the states, real learning has been read only from high school.
What a regular classroom looks like in elementary school
Classrooms are decorated brightly, with all sorts of flags, drawings and other bright paraphernalia. Children sit at tables by 4-5 people.
Before the start of the school day, the children sit on a mat next to the teacher’s table and collectively read a poem about how to be cheerful, study hard, smile and more - the children like it.
In elementary school, children learn to write, draw, play musical instruments, develop figurative thinking, learn to express their thoughts, describe the world around them and so on.
An interesting fact: in elementary school, teachers do not pay attention to spelling errors, it is believed that a competent letter will come with time.
Each child has his own locker in which he stores outer clothing, removable shoes, and so on.
Homework set, in our case it is math, writing, reading. Homework is a pre-printed sheets A4, with the task to be done. By the time homework takes an hour or two, in my case.
In general, I have very, very positive impressions about the school. The child also likes to go to school; every time the holidays begin, the child is genuinely upset that it is not necessary to go to school.
Middle and high school
Starting from the fifth grade, the child goes to high school, and then to the older one.
From this moment begins the real study, with lectures / practitioners, laboratory work and other attributes of education.
Starting a class like this with 7, the child should already decide where he wants to go after school. This is necessary for several reasons:
For any inquiries, We're here to answer you. Take the items that will be needed in the future. This is necessary because the school provides a number of general subjects and the student must select the additional subjects he needs.
For any inquiries, We're here to answer you. Participate in specialized contests. For example, if a teenager has decided that he wants to be a programmer, then you need to participate in programming competitions, take seats, etc., forming a portfolio for yourself. All this will greatly help in entering college / university. Especially talented children, it can help to get a grant for free education.
For any inquiries, We're here to answer you. As an option, start playing sports. Student sport is a huge business.
If your child is a talented athlete in baseball, football, hockey, etc., then he has very good chances to get into a good university for free training.
University / College
How to get to university / college:
In the states there is an analogue of the Russian EGE. Graduates pass tests in specialized subjects that are required in a particular university, prepare their portfolio, present themselves and submit documents. Also, repeating the previous paragraph, if an applicant, for example, is a good football player, and the university has its own team, then the chances of admission are greatly increased.
How universities earn:
Universities in the states earn very well, especially the top ones. Money is spent on paying professors, purchasing equipment, subscribing to scientific journals, and so on. At the same time in the same Stanford, according to the rules of this university, if a student’s family income is less than 250 thousand (as I recall) bucks a year, then he does not pay for tuition. Where does the money come from then?
But from where. Each year, universities send letters to their graduates asking them to donate money. It can be any amount that you can donate, you can pay nothing. Why is this necessary? When an applicant submits documents for admission to a university, he fills out a questionnaire in which it is necessary to indicate whether parents studied at this university or not. If parents studied and over the time since graduation they donated money to the university, then the chances of successful admission are very much increased.
In universities, training costs 40-60 thousand bucks a year. Often, for state residents, the price is reduced by 50 percent. College is cheaper in 2-3 times. My colleague went to college with a cost of 20 thousand tuition per year for non-residents and 10 for state residents. His parents told him that they would pay 5 thousand a year, he had to earn 5 by himself, which he did while working in stores.
Another way to get into college, is military service. The army in the United States is exclusively contractual, with a number of bonuses, one for which, after serving in the army, and depending on the time, conditions and other things, the US army will pay up to 100% of the cost of training. For companions from poor families, this is a real way to get a good education.
If the family does not have money for training, then you can take a special loan for training, with the start of payments through 10 years.
Why it is so important to get a good education:
It all comes down to real estate tax, which is very big. It is impossible to inherit a house and live in it working as a washer of cars, since every year, depending on the location, you have to pay a certain percentage of the cost of housing. In my location these are 4-6 thousands of Basques. The logical chain is very simple:
There is no good education -> there is no good job -> there is no good salary -> there is no money for the house -> move to where it is cheaper and you can afford it.
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