The end of the world 8 that we experienced: why the predictions about the destruction of the Earth do not come true
American politician, social activist, member of the US House of Representatives Alexandria Ocasio-Cortes, when she presented her plan for rebuilding the US economy called Green New Deal, said that after 12 years, the world would end if steps were not taken to address climate change.
Fox News He writes that such loud forecasts by other experts were not justified. Edition 8 collected the most high-profile predictions about the end of the world, which we have already experienced.
1. Global warming will erase humanity from the face of the earth if climate change is not resolved by the year of 2000.
In 1989, the Associated Press issued a warning to US officials.
“High-level US environmental officials say that entire countries can be erased from rising sea levels if global warming doesn’t change by 2000.”
The official was Noel Brown, director of the New York office of the United Nations Environment Program.
"Changing climate models will lead to the return of the conditions of the Dust Cauldron (a series of catastrophic dust storms - ed.) 1930-s to Canada and the USA," he added.
Instead, production in the United States has increased, and worldwide, more than 1 billion people have come out of extreme poverty due to global economic growth. No nation has been "wiped out" as of 2019 year.
However, people who are concerned about global warming say that there are nuances in Brown’s predictions.
“He did not say that by 2000, entire nations would be wiped off the face of the earth. He said that if we were not able to drastically reduce emissions by the 2000 year, we would not be able to avoid future floods. Now it seems inevitable that many island nations will be obliterated because we did not act on time, ”says Joe Romm, a senior associate at American Progress.
According to NASA, global sea level has risen by almost a centimeter in 9 in 25 years from 1993, when the agency began to receive the first satellite data on sea level.
The lowest country in the world is the Maldives, a collection of Pacific islands with a population of just over 400 thousand people. The highest point of the country is at a height of 2,4 meters above sea level, and the lowest - 1 meters.
2. Mass hunger for 1975 year
In 1967, a best-selling book entitled 1975 Hunger! America decide who will survive? ".
The book warned of mass starvation in developing countries, which would be triggered by an increase in population. Some experts praised the book and ridiculed the doubters.
But it happened the other way around. Worldwide, the number of deaths from starvation has decreased dramatically. This was due to the improvement of agricultural technology.
According to Our World in Data, more people died of starvation one decade before the book was released than during the entire 52 year after publication.
3. Global cooling is as dangerous as nuclear war
Recently, many experts excited the issue of global cooling. Kenneth Watt, a professor at the University of California at Davis, wrote that “by 2000, the average temperature will drop by 11 degrees, which is about twice the amount needed for the world to be in the ice age”.
"The threat of the ice age should now stand alongside a nuclear war, as the likely source of mass death and suffering for humanity," wrote British research writer Nigel Calder in 1975 for the International Wildlife magazine.
This quote was found by an economist at George Mason University, Walter E. Williams, who claims that there are many apocalyptic predictions, as a plan is needed to strengthen state control.
“Fear of the environment is a way to gain state control. Communism and socialism lost their respectability, so it was repackaged as an ecologism, ”he adds.
4. Global warming
The same US official who predicted the death of entire nations by 2000 wrote: “The most conservative scientific assessment says that the temperature of the Earth will rise to 1-7 degrees in the next 30 years.”
But by 2019, the Earth’s temperature had risen by about half a degree Celsius since 1989. This is indicated by NASA data.
“All major scientific assessments of global warming have become more gloomy over time, because greenhouse gas emissions have continued to grow until recently, justifying the worst-case scenarios,” says Romm.
Many who are concerned about global warming admit that some predictions have been exaggerated, but hope that it will not distract people from the reality in which the Earth warms up due to human actions, although slower and less disastrous than some scientists predicted.
5. Warnings that the world has 10 years left
In 2006, the American politician Al Gore, when preparing the film “Inconvenient Truth”, said that humanity had only 10 years left before the world reached the point of no return. The film showed footage of the upcoming floods of Manhattan and Florida.
Critics of Gore say that this did not prevent the policy of buying property on the coast of Los Angeles for 8 million dollars.
6. Environmental disaster triggered by a “nuclear holocaust” in 2000
In 1982, US official spokesman Mostafa Tolba, executive director of the United Nations Environment Program, warned:
"At the turn of the century, an ecological catastrophe will occur that will provoke havoc just as complete and irreversible as the nuclear holocaust."
No disaster has happened.
7. Mass extinction by 1995
In 1970, Senator Gaylord Nelson, who is often called the “Father of Earth Day,” referring to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, stated that “in 25 years around 75-80,% of all living things will die out”.
That did not happen.
8. Metal deposits will be depleted by 1990
Scientist Harrison Brown predicted that the deposits of lead, zinc, tin, gold and silver would be completely depleted by the year 1990.
But mining companies have found new technologies and reserves. Forecasts were not justified.
Why forecasts don't come true
Economist Walter E. Williams says environmentalists often exaggerate their predictions in order to resonate in society and actions from politicians.
“We have to offer scary scenarios, make dramatic statements and have no doubt. Each of us must decide what is the right balance between efficiency and honesty, ”said Stephen Schneider, professor of biology at Stanford University, Discover magazine in 1989.
Williams also refers to Senator Timothy Wirth, a Democrat from Colorado, who in 1988 said:
“We should try to solve the problem of global warming. Even if the theory of global warming is wrong ... we will in any case do the right thing in terms of economic and environmental policies. "
Williams considers inadmissible the exaggerated predictions of some environmentalists.
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