5 interesting facts about illegal immigrants in the USA: where they come from and where they live
The number of illegal immigrants living in the United States has declined to the level it was in 2004, and Mexicans no longer make up the majority of this population. This decrease is mainly due to a significant reduction in the number of new illegal immigrants, especially Mexicans, who enter the country. Writes about it Pew Research.
The countries of origin of illegal immigrants have also changed over this time. According to recent estimates from the Pew Research Center, the number of immigrants from Mexico is declining, while from Central America and Asia it is increasing.
Five interesting facts about illegal immigration to the USA:
1. In 2017, there were 10,5 million illegal immigrants in the United States, representing 3,2% of the total US population. The total number of illegal immigrants in 2017 decreased by 14% compared with 12,2 million in 2007, when this group accounted for 4% of the US population.
2. The number of Mexican illegal immigrants has decreased since 2007, while the total number from other countries has increased. The Center estimates that for the first time in 2017, Mexicans made up less than half of all illegal immigrants in the United States (47%), compared with 57% in 2007. Their number (and the share of the total) has been declining in recent years: in 2017, 4,9 million Mexican illegal immigrants lived in the United States, compared with 6,9 million in 2007.
Meanwhile, the total number of illegal immigrants from other countries, 5,5 million in 2017, increased compared to 2007, when it amounted to 5,3 million. In 2007, there were 1,5 million illegal immigrants from Central America and 1,9 million in 2017. This growth was mainly caused by immigrants from the countries of the Northern Triangle, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. The number of Asian immigrants, 1,3 million in 2007, rose to 1,5 million in 2017.
At the same time, the number of illegal immigrants from South America and Europe declined between 2007 and 2017. The number of immigrants from other large regions (the Caribbean, the Middle East-North Africa, sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world) has not changed significantly.
3. The US workforce includes 7,6 million illegal immigrants, a decrease since 2007. Between 2007 and 2017, the number of illegal immigrant workers decreased by 625. In 000, this group accounted for 2017% of those who worked in the United States or were unemployed and were looking for work.
4. Six states account for 57% of illegal immigrants: California, Texas, Florida, New York, New Jersey, and Illinois. From 2007 to 2017, there were different trends in individual states. The number of illegal immigrants has declined in a dozen states: Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York and Oregon. In five states, the number of illegal immigrants has grown over the same period: Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Dakota and South Dakota.
5. The number of illegal immigrants who have been living in the United States for more than ten years is increasing. About two-thirds (66%) of adult immigrants were in the United States for more than 2017 years in 10, up from 41% in 2007. The number of illegal immigrants who have lived in the United States for five years or less has decreased - 20% of the adult population in 2017, compared with 30% in 2007.
According to a published report, more than 2,5 million immigrants in the country live illegally in the metropolitan areas of New York, Los Angeles and Chicago, writes NYDailyNews.
A study conducted by the non-partisan Pew Research Center gives an idea of where immigrants live illegally throughout the country, and the regions where they are actively fighting illegal immigration are also named.
Any action by the US Presidential Administration Donald Trump could adversely affect immigrant communities in regions such as Phoenix, Houston, Dallas, and Denver. In these areas, 37% of immigrants do not have legal status, compared with 26% across the country.
In Santa Ana, California, acting city manager Gerardo Moet said fears about Trump administration plans go far beyond statistics, especially in Mexican immigrant communities, where extended families are often close-knit and often are legally based relatives. in the country.
In Phoenix, immigrants are already feeling tougher enforcement. An illegal woman who was not deported under the Obama administration was taken into custody and sent back to Mexico, which provoked protests at the local immigration and customs office.
In some areas, most immigrants lack legal documents.
According to a Washington Center report based on data from the 2014 Census Bureau. about 17% of immigrants in the San Francisco area do not have legal status, compared with 35% in the region in Las Vegas.
U.S. cities and counties are embroiled in a fierce debate about what role they should play in immigration enforcement, as Trump seeks help from local law enforcement agencies to expedite deportation and threatens to stop funding from so-called asylum jurisdictions that refuse to help.
Many major cities, including New York, Los Angeles and Chicago, have pledged to resist and not cooperate with requests for help from federal deportation agents.
“This could pose a challenge to the new administration’s efforts to increase deportations,” said Louis DeSipio, professor of political science at the University of California, Irvine.
However, other jurisdictions have expressed interest in assisting federal deportation officers and reducing asylum efforts.
The report says that about 61% of immigrants in the country illegally reside in 20 megacities. The Pew report examined large metropolitan areas.
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