20 years of selection and $ 10 million: bred apples that can be stored for up to 12 months
The new apple variety, which is said to be kept in the refrigerator for up to a year, went on sale in the United States. His selection took about 20 years. Writes about this with the BBC.
A variety called Cosmic Crisp is a hybrid of Honeycrisp and Enterprise. It was first introduced by scientists at the University of Washington in the 1997 year.
Commercial production of this variety of crunchy and juicy apples cost 10 million dollars.
Washington state farmers received the exclusive right to grow this variety over the next 10 years.
“This is an ultra-crunchy, fairly hard and juicy sweet-and-sour apple,” said Kate Evans, who ran a state-run selection program for the strain.
According to her, the flesh of these apples browns very slowly. They retain their excellent taste when stored in the refrigerator for 10-12 months.
Now the state has planted more than 12 million apple trees of this variety, and a strict licensing system does not allow it to grow outside of Washington.
The variety was originally known as WA38, and the name Cosmic Crisp appeared due to the large number of white spots on the surface of the apple resembling a starry sky.
Washington is the largest producer of apples in the United States, but the most popular varieties grown here - Golden Delicious and Red Delicious - "face" fierce competition from other varieties - Pink Lady and Royal Gala.
Apples are the second largest fruit in the United States. They are second only to bananas.
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