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10 ways to stay in the USA

Tens of millions of people are annually waiting for a residence permit in the United States. ForumDaily collected the most popular ways to become an American or to obtain a residence permit in the United States, and also explored how easy it is to come and legally stay in America, and how to choose the fastest way.

Photo: ForumDaily

Photo: ForumDaily

1. Win the lottery

To suit: Anyone who has completed a secondary education or vocational education that requires at least 2 years of study.

How long to get: once a year, from the beginning of October to the beginning of November, anyone can fill out a form on the official website Electronic Diversity Visa. Filling out the questionnaire takes about 10 minutes, and already on the first Monday of May, the computer randomly selects 50 thousands of winners. If not lucky, you can try again.

Difficulty level: simply.

Cost: at no extra charge.

It is important to know:

  1. no need to know english;
  2. You should not pay intermediaries, all only through the official website.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

2. Ask for political asylum

To suit: those who are afraid to return home for a number of real or contrived reasons (political persecution, national or racial identity, faith, persecution of business, sexual orientation, family violence).

How long to lecture: you can ask immediately after entry, even at the airport; the result is to wait from six months to a year, in difficult cases to 3 years.

Difficulty level: average.

Cost: $ 4 500 to $ 7 500.

It is important to know:

  1. the ban on visiting the homeland of 5 for years (breaking the law, many still travel through the neighboring countries on their internal passports);
  2. You can work legally during the registration of the refugee status, the request for a job is submitted 150 days after the filing of the application for refugee status;
  3. There are really a lot of intermediaries in the market;
  4. need a good lawyer.

Stages of the procedure:

  • filing an application and opening a case (case);
  • interview with immigration officer;
  • obtaining political asylum or transferring the case to an immigration court;
  • if the court refuses, you can appeal to a federal court, the chances are very high;
  • the chances of obtaining status depend on the level of evidence, the “harmfulness” of the immigration officer and judges.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

Photo: ForumDaily

Photo: ForumDaily

3. Marry an American / marry an American

To suit: all.

How long to get: 6 months - 2 of the year.

Difficulty level: average.

How much is: $ 1 500 to $ 10 000.

It is important to know:
- you need a good lawyer;
- a lot of paperwork;
- Since 2013, marriage is considered not only a union between a man and a woman, but also between same-sex spouses, the procedure is the same. Such marriages give the right to enjoy immigration benefits in full, but not in all states;
- the future husband / wife should earn $ 20 thousand a year minimum. If the earnings are less, you need to look for a guarantor.

Cases:
Stages of the procedure for a foreign bride or groom:

  • I-129F petition;
  • interview at a US consulate;
  • K-1 visa (bride / groom);
  • body check;
  • Social SSN;
  • marriage;
  • temporary green card;
  • green card;
  • citizenship.

I-129F petition for K-1 visa (bride / groom) must be filed personally by a US citizen through the official website Department US internal security. There are no quantitative quotas for this document, unlike the same work visas, which are issued in a limited way. The term of consideration of the petition - from 4 months.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

4. Go to study

To suit: all.

How long to get: from 1 to 3 months.

Difficulty level: simply.

How much is: from free if received a grant, to $ 60 thousand per year.

It is important to know:
- you have to really learn;
- A visa gives the right to stay in the country, but not a green card or citizenship;
- there are significant limitations in the ability to work, the most realistic - to arrange an internship, which is low (or in any way) is not paid;

It is impossible to get a green card for studying, but for many it is a great way to legally stay temporarily in the US for up to 8 years, make contacts and try to “figure it out”.
English language schools are considered the most accessible and easy way to get a student visa. Not all schools can issue such visas - authorization is required for the US Immigration and Naturalization Service.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

Photo: ForumDaily

Photo: ForumDaily

5. Reunite with family.

To suit: those who have a family in the USA.

How long to get: 1-15 years.

Difficulty level: medium to high.

How much is: $ 1 500 to $ 10 000.

It is important to know:

  • need a good lawyer;
  • a lot of paperwork;
  • there are 4 categories of relatives, each has its own queue, there are quotas.

More about categories

Depending on the closeness of the relationship, 4 categories are distinguished. The first one gets the green card the fastest, the last one - the slower. Quotas often include unused visas from other categories.

Category 1 (F1)

Quota: 23 400 visas per year.

Waiting time: at least 1 of the year, but not longer than 5 of years.

Category 2 (F2)

Quota: 114 200 visas per year.

Waiting period: 1-4 of the year.

Category 3 (Fxnumx)

Quota: 23 400 visas per year.

Waiting time: about 9 years.

Category 4 (Fxnumx).

Quota: 65 000 visas per year.

The waiting time is 7-10 years.

You can check the status and terms of the application on a monthly basis. Visa Newsletter.

Process

- Approval of a petition to USCIS.

- If the petition is approved, it will be sent to National Visa Center (National Exhibition Center, National Visa Center).

- NEC requests a list of documents to be sent back to them.

- If this package of documents is approved, the National Exhibition Center itself records a relative for an interview at the US consular department in the country of his or her stay.

If the relative is already in the United States, the US citizen submits the I-485 form (petition for change of status). In addition, you need to prove that a relative is secured - that is, American taxpayers will not sit on the neck. As a rule, such evidence is Affidavit of Support - A document obliging a US citizen to provide financial assistance to his relative.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

6. Get a job (visas H1B, H2B, L1)

To suit: qualified workers, workers of religious organizations.

How long to get: up to 6 months.

Difficulty level: light.

How much is: free for employee, $ 1 500-10 000 is paid by the employer.

It is important to know:

  • A work visa of categories H1B, H2B, L1 gives the right to apply for a green card. Usually corporate lawyers do this;
  • there is an annual quota - 140 of thousands of immigrants can get green cards by job category;
  • in theory, a worker, only by receiving a green card, can say goodbye to the employer who sponsored the move. However, the immigration service, upon learning of this, may suspect a person of fraud. If the employee broke up with the sponsor due to circumstances beyond his control (for example, the company was closed), then there should be no problems;
  • Requirement to the employer - more than 15% of workers who arrived in the US on a H1B work visa.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

Photo: ForumDaily

Photo: ForumDaily

7. Invest or open joint business

EB-5 - type of a visaissued to foreign investors, with which you can get a green card, and then citizenship.

To suit: a foreigner who is willing to invest in the US economy from $ 500 000 to $ 1 million.

How long to get: from six months and more.

Difficulty level: tall.

Cost: $ 12-000 - attorney services; $ 16 - all other fees;

It is important to know:

According to Igor Mazur, a lawyer company by Law Office of Francois-Ihor Mazur, Esq The process is divided into several parts:

  1. Submission of a special petition, I-526 (review time from 2 to 12 months);
  2. After its approval, the immigration process begins through the US consulate (2-3 of the month), or, if the investor is in the United States on a different visa, the process of status change begins (about 4 months);
  3. If everything is approved, then the investor and his family members receive a residence permit for 2;
  4. Through 1-9 months, the investor and his family members apply for a permanent green card if the investment has not been withdrawn by the investor;

privileges apply to family members of the investor (up to 10 people), including children up to 21, who are not married;

- there are no requirements regarding education, experience, language;

- the green card is issued 2 after the year of receipt of the visa EB-5, citizenship - through 5 years;

- you can live and conduct business anywhere in the USA;

- The investor and family members can receive education at prices for US citizens.

Must qualify as an “accredited investor", i.e:

  • own capital in the amount of more than $ 1 million (you can share with your spouse);
  • have income of more than $ 200 thousand per year (or $ 300 thousand if shared with a spouse) during the last 2 years.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

8. Go to serve in the us army

To suit: holders of green cards aged from 17 to 42 years who have no criminal record, but have a secondary education and good physical preparation;

How long to get: up to a year.

Difficulty level: complicated.

Cost: at no extra charge.

It is important to know:

no gender restrictions;

- You cannot immigrate through military service, but you can quickly get citizenship to those who have a green card;

- You can serve in the reserve (including, as a student of the university);

Details

Find the nearest recruiter on the official website american army.

It will be necessary to pass the test (Army Physical Fitness Test or APFT): wring out, shake the press and run a cross 3,2 kilometer.

Next will have Demonstrate proficiency in English and mathematics - the exam is called ArmedForces Classification Test (AFCT). According to many recruits, the test is simple.

The next stage is a comprehensive test. ASVAB (Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery). It is aimed at identifying the level of knowledge and erudition and is used to send a recruit to the most suitable branch of the military.

The test consists of 200 questions in mathematics, language, mechanics, electronics and other disciplines. The passing score of the ASVAB test is not so high, but in order to get into the "steep" troops (for example, in the coast guard or air force), you need to score more points.

After successfully passing the tests, you can choose a military specialty and sign a contract for a period from 2 to 6 years.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

Photo: ForumDaily

Photo: ForumDaily

9. Stay illegal and wait for amnesty

To suit: desperate offenders.

How long to get: not known for sure.

Difficulty level: tall.

How much is: unclear.

It is important to know:

- may be deported without the right to enter for a period from 3 to 10 years;

- it is impossible to work legally (and illegally - pay less);

- you can not make a driver's license and open a bank account;

- It is impossible to apply to the court, the police and for an official certificate.

More:

Seven of ten americans countthat there should be an official way of legalization in the country, but with the proviso that we are talking about young and qualified illegal immigrants.

In light of the tightening of policy towards illegal immigrants after the election of Donald Trump as president of the United States, this method has become much more complicated, and the threat of deportation is much higher.

However, the deportation can be challenged if we refer to the fact that the deportation will be a serious test for family members who are US citizens (for example, spouse, children, parents will lose the sole breadwinner).

It's about a petition “I - 601 waiver ”, which allows the illegal to return to America in an already legal status.

The process is not easy, but it provides a real chance to start from scratch. If a person has not yet been deported, the difficulty lies in the fact that he must undergo this procedure at the US consulate in his homeland. That is, to leave the United States without a guarantee that he will be allowed back.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

10. Become a witness or a victim in a high-profile case

To suit: victims or witnesses of high-profile cases.

How long to get: up to one year.

Difficulty level: tall.

How much is: $ 500-2500.

It is important to know:

- on a U visa you can be in the States up to 4 years;

- there will be a work permit;

- through 3, you can get a green card;

- You can ask for state assistance and benefits, visas for the family;

- there are quotas - 10 thousand people a year.

You can apply for a U-visa for both victims and witnesses, or people who have information that is important for the investigation.

The list of crimes is quite wide, including both serious crimes (such as abductions, the slave trade and rape), and domestic violence, perjury and blackmail.

You can learn more about this method, as well as learn the stories of those who, having used it, moved to the USA, can link.

immigration to the USA green card visa Immigration in the USA

Read also on ForumDaily:

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Where to immigrate to the USA: how to choose the best state

Advantages and disadvantages of US citizenship

What awaits on the US border those who won the Green Card

Catch the tail of the American dream: six stories of people who won the green card

Immigration lawyers warn of new green card issues

How to get a green card after tightening immigration policy: a lawyer answered readers' questions ForumDaily

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